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(2013-2018)高考英语试题分项版解析 专题11 特殊句式(含解析).doc

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(2013-2018)高考英语试题分项版解析 专题11 特殊句式(含解析).doc
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1专题 11 特殊句式2018年高考题1.【2018·天津】14. It was only when the car pulled up in front of our house ___________we saw Lily in the passenger seat.A. which B. thatC. when D. where【答案】B【解析】考查强调句。句意:只有当汽车在我们房子前停下来我们才看到在乘客位置的莉莉。这里考查强调句,强调句型结构为:It is/ was + 被强调部分(通常是主语、宾语或状语)+ that/ who(当强调主语且主语指人)+ 其他部分。本题强调时间状语 only when the car pulled up in front of our house。故选 B。点睛:本题考查强调句,要求有学生掌握好强调句的常用句型以及相关知识的能力。分析句子时首先要看清楚结构,It is / was…开头而后面跟句子时就要看它是不是强调句了。强调句有一个特点:拿掉 It was/is…that…后不影响整个句子的完整性,则是强调句。判断完是不是强调句后再根据强调的部分是人还是物来选择连接词 that或者是 who。3.【2018·北京】8. In any unsafe situation, simply _________ the button and a highly-trained agent will get you the help you need.A. press B. to press C. pressing D. pressed【答案】A点睛:祈使句+and/or+陈述句是一种常见结构。当前后两部分间为承接关系时,用 and;前后意思为相反关系时,用 or。该句式中的陈述句部分常用一般将来时态。2017年高考题【2017·江苏卷】22. _______ not for the support of the teachers, the student could not overcome her difficulty.A. It were B. Were it C. It was D. Was it【答案】B2【解析】试题分析:考查虚拟语气和倒装。虚拟语气中,be 动词统一用 were;虚拟语气的省略形式主要是把 if省略,同时把 were/should/had提前,即 Were /Should/ Had I.,故选 B。句意:要不是老师们的支持,该生是无法克服她自己的困难的。【名师点睛】在虚拟语气中,be 动词只能用 were;虚拟条件句省去连词 if时,从句主谓部分倒装:Were/Had/Should+主语+谓语动词.e.g. Were I Tom, I would refuse. 如果我是汤姆,我会拒绝。I will go, should it be necessary. 假若有必要,我会去的。Had it not been for the bad weather we would have arrived in time. 若不是天气坏,我们就准时到达了。若条件从句为否定句,否定词 not应置于主语之后,而不能与 were, should, had 等缩略成 Weren’t, Shouldn’t, Hadn’t置于句首。考点:考查虚拟语气和倒装【2017·天津卷】11. It was when I got back to my apartment ______ I first came across my new neighbors.A. who B. where C. which D. that【答案】D考点:考查强调句型。【名师点睛】判断一句话是否是强调句的一个方法是去掉强调结构,如果这句话还能够成立就是强调句,例如这道题,去掉强调结构是:when I got back to my apartment ______ I first came across my new neighbors这句话是成立的,所以是强调句。除了强调句的陈述句,还需要掌握强调句的一般疑问句和特殊疑问词的结构,还有强调句做名词性从句的语序问题。32016年高考题1.【2016·江苏】34.Not until recently ______the development of tourist-related activities in the rural areas.A. they had encouraged B. had they encouragedC. did they encourage D. they encouraged【答案】C【解析】试题分析:考查部分倒装。当
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