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丁晓钟14年超精讲.doc

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丁晓钟14年超精讲.doc
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丁晓钟:考研英语历年真题超精解 · 2014 年 - 13 - Section II : Reading Comprehension Part A Text 1 {一} ①In order to “change lives for the better” and reduce “dependency,” George Osborne, Chancellor of the Exchequer, introduced the “upfront work search” scheme. ②Only if the jobless arrive at the job centre with a CV, register for the online job search, and start looking for work will they be eligible for benefit — and then they should report weekly rather than fortnightly. ③What could be more reasonable? ①为了“让生活变得更美好”以及减少“依赖” ,英国财政大臣乔治·奥斯本引入了“求职预付金”计划。②只有当失业者带着简历到就业中心,注册在线求职并开始找工作,才有资格获得补助金——然后他们应该每周而非每两周报告一次。③有什么比这更合理呢? 【语篇分析】本段介绍了文章的背景。①中的带引号的内容显然是 George Osborne 的观点。②具体解释①中的“upfront work search” scheme。③是关于①②的合理性如何的疑问。这一问句的意思就有两种可能:一、此事非常合理——没有事比这更合理;二、此事不合理——George Osborne 还能想到什么更合理呢?如果该句放在文章的结尾,则肯定是第一种可能。但它只是在第一段末尾,下面还有很多内容,所以尚不能下结论。 【难句剖析】①In order to . “dependency”为目的状语从句,Chancellor of the Exchequer作 George Osborne 的同位语。②是一个倒装结构,当 only 表示“仅仅、只有”且放在句首,引导状语从句或者是作状语的副词、介词短语等时,主句应倒装。 [外刊例句] Only in this way will you be able to anticipate what's coming next and respond quickly and appropriately. 这有通过这种方式,你才能预期接着会发生什么并快速而恰当地回应。 【核心单词】upfront adj. 预付的 | scheme n. 方案,计划 | CV ( = curriculum vitae) n. 简历 | fortnightly adv. 两周一次地 【必背搭配】be eligible for 有资格获得…的 {二} ①More apparent reasonableness followed. ②There will now be a seven-day wait for the jobseeker's allowance. ③“Those first few days should be spent looking for work, not looking to sign on.” he claimed, “We’re doing these things because we know they help people stay off benefits and help those on benefits get into work faster.” ④Help? ⑤Really? ⑥On first hearing, this was the socially concerned chancellor, trying to change lives for the better, complete with “reforms” to an obviously indulgent system that demands too little effort from the newly unemployed to find work, and subsidises laziness. ⑦What motivated him, we were to understand, was his zeal for “fundamental fairness” — protecting the taxpay
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