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含有否定意义的词汇.doc

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含有否定意义的词汇.doc
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含有否定意义的词汇1. 否定词:not,no,un-, dis-,-less名词或短语 absence(缺乏,没有) ,anxiety(不安) ,deficiency(不足,缺乏) ,departure(背离,违背) ,exclusion(排除,出去) ,failure(失败) ,ignorance(无知) ,neglect(忽视,无视) ,refusal(拒绝)等Anybody’s guess(谁都说不上) ,the exclusion of(不顾)2. 否定意义的动词:lack,fail, stop,prevent ,ignore,refuse ,avoid ,miss,cease ,Bar(排斥,不准),overlook (忽略) ,spare (不用)Give up(放弃) ,keep off(不接近) ,know better than (不至于) ,let alone(更不用说)名词. 表示含蓄否定的名词有: absence ( 缺乏) , freedom ( 没有) , failure (未能) ,inability (无力 ) , lack (缺少) 等。例:Ignorance of the law is no excuse,不懂法律不能作为免罪的口实。To many people, health means the freedom from any obvious symptoms of disease.对许多人来说, 健康意味着没有任何明显的病症。Health cannot be defined as merely the absence of disease.健康不能简单地定义为没有疾病。In many case a simple cause may be responsible for failure of the ulcer to heal.在很多病例中, 某个简单的原因就可能使溃疡不能愈合。动词. 表示含蓄否定的动词有: avoid (避免) , deny (否认) , cancel (取消) , fail ( 不能) , ignore (忽视) , miss (错过 ) , refuse (拒绝) , object (反对) , spoil (惯坏) , exclude(排除) , overlook (忽略) 等。例:But the wound refused to heal.但是伤口没有愈合。At times, however, this epiglottis fails to work properly, and the food enters the larynx and causes choking.有时会厌不能正常活动, 因此食物进入喉部而噎住。If drug supply and distribution system fail, a black market emerges.如果药品供应和配给体制不健全, 黑市就出现了。Bypass operation seems indicated when obstructive symptoms fail to respond to medical treatment.内科治疗肠梗阻无效时, 就要考虑行分流术。形容词. 表示含蓄否定的形容词有: rare (稀少) , absent (没有) , few (很少) , little(很少) 等。例 :Today it is rare to find a case of this sort at all.今天, 我们不可能再发生这种疾病。Dr. Smith is absent from the emergency room.史密斯大夫不在急诊室。副词. 示含蓄否定的副词有: hardly (几乎不) , scarcely (稀少) , little (很少) , rarely(罕见) , poorly (很差) , 等。Scarcely does fever occur without other discomfort.发热而无其它不适是不常有的事。The disease is usually of short duration and is rarely serious.通常此病病程短而且几乎不严重。Poorly localized epigastric pain heralds the onset of appendicitis in a retrocecal or retroilealappendix.不固定的上腹部疼痛预示盲肠后位或回肠后位阑尾炎的开始。连词. 表示含蓄否定的连词有: unless (除非) , but that (要不是) , lest (以免) , instead of
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