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人教版五年级英语上册1---2-单元主要语法知识及练习.doc

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人教版五年级英语上册1---2-单元主要语法知识及练习.doc
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人教版五年级英语上册 1---2 单元主要语法知识及练习知识点一:until one 重点词汇句型。 1 词汇 old 年老的 funny 滑稽可笑的 四会: tall 高的 kind 和蔼的 亲切的young 年轻的 strict 严格的short 矮的 smart 聪明的巧妙地 thin 瘦的 active 积极的活跃的strong 强壮的 quiet 安静的,文静的who’s =who is 谁是 what’s=what is 是什么 lady 女士 Mr. 先生 like 像、喜欢 其他: very 非常 but 但是 三会 so much ,很非常 principal 校长 university student 大学生 he’s =he is 他是 she’s =she is 她 fun 有趣,逗笑2 句型(1) 询问人 ----- Who’s your math teacher ? ----- Miss Zhao . 你们的数学老师是谁。是赵老师。-----Who’s that woman ? -----She is my mother . 那个妇女是谁? 她是我妈妈。(2) 询问人的外貌特征-----What ’s he like ? ----- He ’s tall and strong . 他长什么样子? 他很高很健壮。----- Is she very old ? -----No ,she is very young .-----Is he very short ? -----No, she isn’t . She is very tall .(3) 询问人的性格特点----- Is she very quiet ? ----- No ,she isn’t. She ’s very active . 她很文静吗? 不,她很活跃。----- Is she very strict ? ----- Yes , she is . But she is very kind.她很严厉吗? 是的。 但是她很和蔼。知识点二:语法知识。性格特点外貌特征1、以字母 y 结尾的名词变复数,如果字母 y 的前面是元音(a, e , i, o, u) ,就在 y 后面直接加 s。如:boy—boys. 如果字母 y 前面是辅音,则把 y 变为 i, 再加 es. 如:lady—ladies city—cities story--stories.例:1. The ______ are my classmates.A. boys B. boy C. Boies2. There are many ______ in the china .A. city B. citys C. cities2、动词的第三人称单数:(所谓第三人称单数,就是指既不是你也不是我的另外一个人,可以是具体的人名,他,她,或它,也可以是称呼类,如 my mother, my friend 等。当一个句子中的人物是第三人称单数,并且这个句子又是一般现在时态时,该句子中的动词要使用第三人称单数形式。 )特殊动词三单形式:have—has like —likes do—does go—goes watch--watches例:1. The boy ______ a big nose . He ______ to school foot every day .A. have ; goes B. has ; go C. is ; goes D. has; goes2. They like ______ TV on Sunday .A. see B. watch C. look3、词语变化:fun(形容词形式)――funny funny(名词形式)――fun know(同音词 )――no he(宾格形式)---him 反义词:tall—short long—short young—old new—old strong—thin fat—thin kind—strict active—quiet 例:1. The boy is ______ . But his little brother is very ______ .A. tall; old B. tall; short C. short; young 2. Our English teacher is very ______ . But she is ______ A. strict; active B. strict ; kind C. kind ; quiet4、be like 与 do like: 在本单元中,What’s …like?的句型是主句型,这里的 like 是“像…一样”的意思. What’s …like?是问某某长得什么样子,同学们千万别和 like 的另一个意思“喜欢”相混了。它的答语一般用:He/She/ It is…(后面跟描写人的外貌特征的词语),如:What’s your father like?你爸爸长得什么样子?。 而在 do like 的句子中,like 的意思才是 “喜欢”的意思。如:What does your father like? 你爸爸喜欢什么例:1. What’s your father like? He is ______ and ______ .A. tall; old B. tall; short C. short; young 2. What’s your sister like? He likes______ .A. dance B. dancing C. DanceExercise For Unit 1(一)写出下列词的反义词young ___________ quiet _____________ tall ___________ strong _________ new ___________ long _________ strict _____________(二)填上适当的单词使句子完整通顺。1. A: ___________ is the girl ?B: ___________ my sister .2 . A; _______ Tom’s father like?B: _________ __________ thin and quiet.3 A: Is your English teacher _________ ?B: No, she _________ . She is short . _________ she is pretty.4 Mr. Ma is not young .He is __________.Miss Zhao is our math teacher . She is very ________ .But she is very kind .( 三 ) 根据所给的信息完成句子。1 What is man like ? ( 高个 ,瘦)_________________________________________.2 Is your English teacher very active ? ( 文静的)___________________________________________.3 Who’s that old woman ? ( 校长)_________________________________________ .4 Is Tom very thin ? ( 强壮)__________________________________ 知识点三:Unit 2 重点词汇句型。Monday ( Mon.) 星期一 Chinese (语文)Tuesday ( Tue. ) 星期二 math(数学)Wednesday (Wed.)星期三 subject English(英语)week Thursday( Thu.)星期四 (科目) art(美术)Friday ( Fri.) 星期五 music(音乐)Saturday ( Sat.)星期六 P.E. (体育)Sunday ( Sun.)星期日 science(自然科学) do homework 做家庭作业 do housework 做家务事 watch TV 看电视 read books 读书 play ping-pong 打乒乓球 on Saturday 在星期六What about…? …怎么样? play computer games 玩电脑游戏day 天 have 有; 吃 too 也;太 on 在…时候句 型:1. 本单单元重点学习怎样问星期及怎样回答。今天是星期几? What day is it today?今天是星期一。 It’s Monday.2.问星期的某天常干什么事及回答。你星期六常干什么? What do you often do on Saturday?我常做家庭作业. I often do homework.你们星期三常上些什么课? What do you have on Wednesday?我们上语文、数学和英语. We have Chinese math and English.3. What about you? 那你呢? (用于来问别人同样的问题而又不重复前面的问句。 )4. John likes Mondays and Fridays, because he likes P.E.知识点四:1. 当询问别人喜欢哪些课程时,classes 应当用复数形式,因为别人喜欢的课程可能不止一门。What classes do you like? 你喜欢哪门课程?典型例题:1. I have four in the morning three in the afternoon on Tuesday .A. class; classes B.class; class C. classes ; classes2. My English teacher‘ very funny ,but we have no on Saturday and Sunday .A. classes ; classes B. class; class C. class; classes 2. 表示星期几的七个单词,开头第一个字母都要大写。其简写形式为前三个字母加点。week 星期,周。 (一周包括七天)How many days are there in a week? There are 7.一个星期有几天?七天。Weekend 周末(包括周六和周日)How many days are there in a weekend? There are 2.一个周末有几天? 2 天。在英语国家中,一个星期的第一天是星期天 Sunday. The first day of a week is Sunday.典型例题: 1. We often have no classes on A. Tuesday B. Friday C. Weekend2. The first day of a is Sunday.A. week B. Monday C. Weekend3. 当介词 in, on ,at 后面跟表示时间的词语时,表示在某年或某月(当只有年和月的时候) ,用 in.如 in May 在五月。In 1988,在 1988 年。表示在某段时间,如在上午,下午,晚上也用 in.如 in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening. 表示在某日,在星期几时,用 on。如 on Monday, on Sunday . 表示在几点几分,在具体时间时,用at. 如 at 6:30, at 9 o’clock.典型例题:1. I get up 6:30 the morning .A. at; at B. at ; in C. at ; on2. what do you do Saturday A. at B. in C. On4. play with 和…在一起,with 后面常用人称代词的宾格形式。 如:I can play ping-pong with you.我可以和你一起打乒乓球。典型例题:1. We can games you .A. Play; on B. Play; with C. play; on5. I like Mondays. John likes Sundays. 这里的 likes 是 like 的三单形式,在一般现在时的句子中,如果主语是第三人称单数注意动词要变成三单形式。典型例题:1. We like games on weekend. But my father watch TV.A. Play; on B. Playing; likes C. play; like6. Today is Sunday. I like Sundays. 在这个句子中,前一个星期日 Sunday 是特指“今天是星期一”,所以用单数形式,而后一个星期日 Sundays 是泛指所有的星期日,所以用复数形式。典型例题:1. What do you do on ? I often play computer Sundays .A. Sunday ; in B. Sundays ; on C. Sunday ; at课堂练习: ( 一 )一、 选出与所给单词发音不相同的单词。( )1、A、lady B、ca t C、m ath( )2、A、funny B、 but C、university( )3、A、kind B、 strict C、active( )4、A、strong B、 from C、so( )5、A、know B、how C、show二、单项选择。( )1. He is ______ university.A. a B. an C. the ( )2. He is tall ______ thin . A. and B. but C. so ( ) 3. ______ your English teacher ?A. who B. what C. who’s( )4. _________math teacher is funny .A. We B . Us C. Our ( )5. She is strict_________ she’s kind .A. and B. but C. with ( ) 6. The new teacher’s class is _________ much fun .A、very B、and C. so( )7._________ he like ? He’s thin .A、what’s B、what C. Where’s ( )8. Mrs brown is very good . we all like ______.A. he B. her C. him ( ) 9._________ are you from ? — I am from china .A. What B. Where C. How ( )10.who’s ______ English teacher ?A.Tom’s B .Tom C. the Tom’s三、 翻译:1. 谁是你的新的语文老师? ______ is your _____ Chinese teacher ? 2. 她长得怎么样? 哦,她又高又瘦。_____ she like ? Oh, she is tall and thin. 3. 他聪明吗?是的,而且他很严厉。Is he ________? Yes, and he is very ______ 四 、 写出句子。1. your , teacher , art , Who’s (?) ________________________________________2. art , is, teacher, Miss, my, Gao, (. ) ________________________________________ 3. is, she , like , What , ( ? ) ________________________________________4. tall , She , and , thin , is, ( .)________________________________________ 5. I, three, new, have , teachers ( .)________________________________________五、阅读短文,判断下列句子是否正确,是则定“T”,否则定“F”。Hello! My name is Sarah. I’m an active girl. From Monday to Friday, I go to school. I like Tuesdays and Fridays, because I like P.E. classes and art classes. We have P.E. classes on Fridays and we have art classes on Tuesdays. I like my English teacher. She is short , but she is pretty. On Wednesday, I often play ping-pong with my classmates. It’s seven o’clock now. Oh, it’s time to do my homework.( )1、Sarah is not a quiet girl.( )2、Sarah likes music classes very much.( )3、Sarah plays ping-pong with her teachers on Wednesdays.( )4、It’s time to have P.E. class.( )5、Sarah likes Tuesdays and Fridays.课堂练习: ( 二 )一、 选出与所给单词发音不相同的单词。( )1、A、Monday B、l ove C、often( )2、A、have B、l ady C、 Saturday ( )3、A、kind B、 strict C、like( )4、A、fun B、 Sunday C、tofu( )5、A、tomorr ow B、how C、know二、Zoom 太粗心了,单词都写不完整。聪明的你快来帮帮它吧!并写出汉语意思。1. S__t__ __day ( ) 2. Fr__ d__y ( ) 3. W__dn__ __day ( ) 4. Th__ __ __ day ( ) 5. S_nday ( ) 6. T__ __sday ( )三、Zoom 要请客了,请你帮忙选一选哪个是客人?并帮忙请回家。 ( ) 1. What ______ you have on Wednesdays? A. Are B. do C. have( ) 2. What do you do ______ the weekends? A. On B. to C. from,( ) 3. It's 7: 00. It's time ______ go to school. A. for B. to C. on( ) 4. I can play ping-pong ______ you. A. with B. and C. to( ) 5. We often _____ books in the evening, A. look B. watch C. read( ) 6. We often go to school from ______to Friday. A. Wednesday B. Sunday C. Monday( ) 7. I do ______homework at 7 :30 in the evening. A. my B. her C. his( ) 8. -- __________-- It's 9:20. A. What day is it? B. What do you do? C. What time is it?( ) 9. What ____ is it today? A. today B. Day( )10. Today ___ Friday. A. is B. are ( ) 11 Sunday is fun _____ me. A on B for4、单词泡泡满天飞,请你给他们排排队,使他们成为句子大军。1.have what do on you Saturday ( ? )_______________________________ _________________2. I watch often TV Sundays on ( . )_______________________________ _______________3 day what today it is ( ? ) _______________________________ _________________4 Sunday homework often I on my do ( . ) _________________________________________5. about, you, what ? ________________________________________________________6. homework, do, too, I, my (.) ________________________________________________________五、小小翻译家。1. What do you do on ______s (星期六)? I often paint or ______ _____(看电视)2. 今天星期几?_________ _________ is ________ ________? 3.你们星期四上什么课?_______ do you _______ _______ ___________?4. 你星期六干什么?_______ do you _______ _______ Saturdays?5. I often _______ ________ ________(做作业)and ______ ________ (看书)六、阅读短文,判断正(T)误(F) :并回答问题。I'm a student.I'm in Class 2,Grade 5.My name is Liu Xin.It is a new schoo1 year.We have a new math teacher.Our math teacher is very young.He is from Beijing.He is short and thin.He’s very funny.We all like him.We have Chinese,math,English , P.E. ,computer,science, art and music classes.I have Chinese and English on Mondays.I have computer class on Fridays.I like Fridays.Today is Tuesday.We have P.E.and music._判断对(T) 错(F)。 (每小题一分) ( )1.I like Mondays and Fridays. ( )2.Today is Friday.I like Fridays.( )3.The new math teacher is short and thin. ( )4.We don’t like our math teacher. ( )5.I’m a teacher.课后练习: ( 一 )一、写(缩写)出下列日历上的星期名。( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )二、 读一读,选择正确答案。( )1. - What do you have ____ Mondays??A. in B.on C.to ( )2. -________?- It’s TuesdayA. What is he like?B. What day is it today?C. What do you have on Tuesday?( )3. -What do you have on Thursdays?-________.A. He’s our math teacher.B. We have a new teacher.C. We have math, English and Chinese.( )4. -What do you do on Saturdays?-___________.A. I like art classes. B. I often play football and read some books. C. I have English and math classes. ( )5. We ___English, math and P.E. A. have B. has C. Are星期三 星期二 星期四 星期一 星期日2011-3-15 2011-3-14 2011-3-16 2011-3-13 2011-3-19( )6. your math teacher ? Mr Li.A. Who’s B. What’s C .He’s( )7. What’s your math teacher like?A. He’s old. B. He’s 30. C. He likes sports.( )8. Is Xiaoxin(小新) old?A.Yes, he is. B. No, he isn’t. C. Yes, he is.( )9. Our principal is very strict, but he is very _____.A. old B. kind C. thin ( )10. Today is Sunday. Tomorrow is ______A. Saturday B. Monday C. Friday三、 将这些不讲究秩序的单词排列成句,注意句首字母大写及标点符号。1. Chinese, is , your , who, teacher (?)_________________________________________.2. day, is, today, it, what_________________________________________?3. young, who , that, lady , is , (?)_________________________________________?4. what, on, Saturdays, do, do, you_________________________________________?5. is, tall, funny, he, and _________________________________________.课后练习: ( 二 )一. 选出正确的答案。( )1、 ______ who is that girl ? A . She is young. B. Yes, she is. C .She is my sister.( )2.Is she kind ? .A. Yea, she isn’t . B.Yes, he is . C.No, she isn’t .( )3.Is she strict ? No, she is ______ kind.A. very B. much C . very much .( )4----Who is your math teacher ? ---- ______ A He is my brother . B Mr Li is very tall and thin . C Mr Gao .( )5--- ______ smart ? ---- Yes ,she is very smart .A Does her B Is she C is she D she is ( ) 6--- ______ ? --- Mr Black.A . Who math teacher ? B. Who’s your math teacher ?C . Whose your math teacher ? D. What’s your math teacher( ) 7 --- ______ ? ---He is thin and short .A. What he like ? B. What’s she like ? C. Who’s he like ? D. What’s he like ?
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