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哮喘相关英文词汇.doc

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哮喘相关英文词汇.doc
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医学英文词汇小结-RES21ASTHMA 相关英文词汇小结1.National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) 国家哮喘教育防治项目2. Susceptible individuals易感人群3. Recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and coughing反复发作的喘息、气短、胸痛、咳嗽4. airflow obstruction气道阻塞5. reversible either spontaneously or with treatment可自愈或治疗后可逆6. bronchial hyperresponsiveness(BHR)支气管高反应性7. a variable degree 不同程度的8. hypersecretion分泌增高9. bronchospasm支气管痉挛10. Inhaled allergen吸入过敏原11. an early-phase allergic reaction早期过敏反应12. allergen specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies抗原特异性 IgE 抗体13. rapid activation of airway mast cells and macrophages,气道肥大细胞巨噬细胞迅速激活14. proinflammatory mediators促炎因子15. histamine组胺17. eicosanoids类花生酸类物质18. contraction of airway smooth muscle气道平滑肌收缩19. mucus secretion粘液分泌20. vasodilation血管舒张21. exudation of plasma血浆渗出22. a diabetogenic lifestyle (excessivecalories, inadequate exercise, and obesity)易导致糖尿病的生活方式(能量过度摄入、锻炼不足、肥胖)23. engorged充满的24. edematous airway wall气道壁水肿25. airway lumen 气道腔医学英文词汇小结-RES2226. reduced mucus clearance粘液清除减少27. late-phase inflammatory reaction迟发炎症反应28. allergen provocation过敏原激发29. recruitment and activation of eosinophils,T lymphocytes, basophils, neutrophils, and macrophages嗜酸性粒细胞,T 淋巴细胞,碱性粒细胞,中性粒细胞,巨噬细胞招募和激活30. inflammatory mediators (leukotrienesand granule proteins)炎性因子(白三烯和颗粒蛋白)31. type 2 T-helper cellsTH2 淋巴细胞32. interleukin [IL]-4, IL-5,and IL-13白介素-4,-5, -1333. type 1 T-helper (TH 1 ) cellsTH1 淋巴细胞34. IL-2 and interferon-γ白介素-2 和干扰素 γ35. Mast cell degranulation肥大细胞脱颗粒36. chemotactic factors趋化因子37. leukotrienes C4 , D4 , and E4 白三烯 C4,D4,E438. prostaglandins前列腺素39. platelet-activating factor (PAF)血小板激活因子40. Alveolar macrophages肺泡巨噬细胞41. furthers the inflammatory process加剧炎性过程42. 5-lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism花生四烯酸代谢的 5-脂氧酶途径43. peptidases多肽酶44. matrix proteins基质蛋白45. cytokines细胞因子46. nitric oxideNO46. Epithelial shedding表皮脱落47. heightened airway responsiveness气道高反应性48. altered permeability of the airway mucosa气道粘膜通透性改变49. de
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