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外研版八年级(上册)英语课文[全册].doc

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外研版八年级(上册)英语课文[全册].doc
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WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 Module 1 How to learn English Unit 1 Let’s try to speak English as much as possible. Ms James: Welcome back, everyone! Today, we’re going to talk about good ways tolearn English. Ready? Who has some advice?Lingling: We should always speak English in class. Ms James: Good! Let’s try to speak English as much as possible.Daming: Why not write down the mistakes in our notebooks? Ms James: That’s a good idea. And don’t forget to write down the correct answers next to the mistakes. What else? Lingling: It’s a good idea to spell and pronounce new words aloud every day. Ms James: Thanks a lot, Lingling. How about listening to the radio? Lingling: Yes, that’s good for our pronunciation too. But there are so many newword. Ms James: You don’t need to understand every word. You just need to listen for key words and main ideas. Daming: That’s the same for reading. English stories are so interesting. I get to know a lot about the world through reading. Lingling: I think writing is also important. Why don’t we try to find some English pen friends? We can write to them. Ms James: Excellent! I agree with you.Unit 2 You should smile at her! Send your questions to Diana, the Language Doctor. Many students ask for advice about how to improve their English. Here are three basic questions. The first question is about understanding English films and songs. Li Hao from Hubei wrote, “I like watching English films and listening to English songs, but I can only understand a little. What can I do?” Watching films and listening to songs are great way to learn English! Watch and listen several times, and guess the meaning of the new words. Each time you will learn something new. I also advise you to talk about the films or songs with your friends. The second question is about speaking. Wang Fan from Jilin wrote, “Our school has a teacher from the US. I am shy and I am afraid to speak to her. What should I do?” You can say, “Hello! How are you?” “Do you like China?” These are good ways to start a conversation. And before you begin, you should smile at her! Rememberthis: Do not be shy. Just try. The third question is about vocabulary. Zhang Lei from Anhui wrote, “I write down new words, but I forget them quickly. How can I remember them?” Do not worry. It is natural to forget new words! I suggest you write four or five words a day on pieces of paper and place them in your room. Read the words when you see them, and try to use them. WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 Module 2 My home town and my country Unit 1 It’s taller than many other buildings. Tony: Hey, Daming! How was your weekend? Daming: Pretty good! I went to Shenzhen. Tony: Where’s Shenzhen? Daming: Well, it’s on the coast near Hong Kong. It was a small village about thirty years ago, but today it’s a very big city. Tony: So it’s a newer city than Hong Kong? Daming: Yes, it’s a newer city. In fact, it only became important in the 1980s.It’s getting bigger and busier. Some day it will become as busy as Hong Kong, I’m sure. Tony: What’s the population of Shenzhen? Daming: It’s over ten million, I think. That’s larger than the population of many other cities in China. Its streets are much wider and cleaner too. I think it’s a beautiful city. Tony: I’d like to go to there one day. Daming: Remember to visit the Diwang Tower. It’s taller than many other buildings in Shenzhen.Unit 2 Cambridge is a beautiful city in the east of England.Cambridge, London and EnglandBy Tony Smith I come from Cambridge, a beautiful city in the east of England. It is on the River Cam and has a population of about 120,000. My home is especially famous for its university. Many famous people studied here, such as Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin. There are lots of old buildings and churches to visit. Students and tourists enjoy trips along the river by boat. Cambridge is 80 kilometres from London. London is in the south of England andit is on the River Thames. It has a population of about seven and a half million, so it is bigger and busier than Cambridge. It is about 2,000 years old, and it is famous for Big Ben, Buckingham Palace and Tower Bridge. England itself is a part of an island, and you are always near the sea. The small villages and beaches on the coast are popular for holidays. Tourists like the areas of low and beautiful lakes in the north, and the hills and pretty villages in the south. Everywhere in England you will notice how green the countryside is. It is never very hot in summer or very cold in winter. So come and see Englandany time of the year, but bring an umbrella with you. You will need it most days. WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 Module 3 Sports Unit 1 Nothing is more exciting than playing tennis. Daming: Hey, Tony. Come and watch the football match on TV. Tony: OK. What’s the score? Daming: Spain scored a minute ago.Tony: Wow! That’s fast! Daming: That’s right. Last week the match on TV was so boring because no one scored at all. So this week’s match is already more exciting. Betty: What’s the matter with you, Tony? You look tired. Tony: I’m really tired after last night’s tennis match. And I hurt my knee. Daming: That’s too bad! Sit down and watch the match. It’s safer than playing tennis. Betty: Yes, watching is not sure about that. Nothing is more relaxing too! Tony: Well, I’m not sure about that. Nothing is more enjoyable than playing tennis.Betty: But you enjoyed watching the Olympics on TV, right? Tony: Yes, but that’s because it was cheaper than buying tickets for all the games. Daming: And staying at home was easier than going to the stadium. Oh, look at that! Tony: Oh, he missed! Oh, bad luck! Daming: Never mind. There’s still plenty of time for them to score.Unit2 This year we practice more carefully.Training hardBy Li Daming It is Saturday tomorrow, but I am going to school. I am not goingfor lessons, but to play football. I am in our school team and we are going to play against another school next week. The practice starts at 10 am. We all arrive as early as we can so that we have time to warm up. We are training harder than usual because the other team beat us last year. This year we want to do better. It is more difficult to practise in winter because the days are short and the weather is cold too. It gets dark earlier, so it is impWORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 ortant not to be late for after-school practice. Our coach is pleased because we are playing better as a team now.Last year we were sometimes careless when we passed the ball and welost to the other team in the final match. What a pity! This year we practise more carefully. That means we have a better chance of winning. The fan club has fewer people this year. We hope to play well so that we have more fans to watch the matches. It is good to have our fans around. They cheer us on loudly and we feel more confident to win the game. Module 4 Planes, ships, and trains Unit1 He lives the farthest from school Betty: I was late for school today.Mum: Why? What happened? Betty: I took the bus. There was a road accident, and the traffic was very heavy. But nobody was late, except me. Maybe I should go to school by taxi. Mum: It’s the most comfortable way, but it’s also the most expensive. Betty: Then what about going by bike? Mum: That’s a good choice, but it’s a bit dangerous. There’s so much traffic. Betty: But most of my classmates ride bikes, and it’s quite safe. Don’t worry. I’ll be carefull. Mum: How does Tony go to school? Betty: He lives the farthest from school, so he takes the underground. Mum: And what about Lingling? Betty: Her home is the closest to school, so she walks.WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 Mum: How about Daming? Betty: He goes by bus too, the same as me. But it’s so crowded! Andthe traffic is heavy. Mum: All right. You can ride your bike to school, but remember to becareful all the time. Unit2 What is the best way to travel?Question: What is the best way to travel from London to Amsterdam. I am planning to travel from London to Amsterdam. How long does the journey take and what is the best way to travel? Could you pleasetell me about the trains or ships to get there? The more information, the better. Thanks! Best answer: There are four ways to travel. A journey by train is more relaxing than by coach, but a lot more expensive. When you go by train, buy your ticket a long time before you travel. It is usually cheaper. You can go by car and by ship across the North Sea. This is the mostcomfortable way to travel but also the most expensive. Book your ticket before you book your hotel. Remember that parking in Amsterdam is very expensive, so stay outside the city centre and travel in by bus or by train. The third choice is by coach. This is usually the cheapest, but in summer the coaches sometimes get crowded! And it takes you about twelve hours to get there. However, it will not cost as much as going bytrain. Finally, you can fly. It is the fastest and the second cheapest, but you may have to wait for hours at the airport because of bad weather. Well, I hope this helps! Have a great trip.WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 Module 5 Lao She Teahouse Unit 1 I wanted to see the Beijing Opera. Listen and read Betty: Lingling and I went to Lao She Teahouse last night. Tony: How was it? Betty: It was great! You know, I wanted to see Beijing Opera, so Lingling offered to take me there. We drank tea and watched an opera. Tony: Did you understand the opera? Betty: No, it was difficult to understand the words. But the actorsand actress were excellent. Tony: How long did you stay? Betty: We only planned to watch for an hour, but in the end, we stayed for three hours. Tony: Did you enjoyed it? Betty: Well, it was interesting---that’s the main thing. I hope to understand more next time. Tony: Do you often go to see Beijing Opera, Lingling? Lingling: No, I don’t. I wanted to take Betty to the teahouse because it’s famous. Tony: Who is Lao She? Betty: No idea. Ask Lingling. Lingling: Lao She is a great writer. He’s especially famous for hisplay Teahouse. Unit 2 It describes the changes in Chinese society. 2 Read the passage and match the heading with the paragraphs. a) Lao She Teahouse b)The Story of Teahouse c)Lao She 1 Teahouse is one of Lao She’s most famous plays. He wrote it in WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 1957. The play has three acts and shows the lives of common people in China from the end of the nineteenth century to the middle of twentieth century. It tells us the story of Wang Lifa and the customers of his teahouse in Beijing. It describes the changes in Chinese society over fifty years around the beginning of the twentieth century. 2 Lao She was born in Beijing in 1899. His mother sent him to a teacher’s school in 1913. After finishing school in 1918, he became ahead teacher of a primary school. In 1924 Lao She left home and went to England. He taught Chinese at a college in London and returned to China five years later. He wrote many plays, novels and short stories about people’s lives, and was named “the People’s Artist”. Lao She is one of the greatest Chinese writers of the twentieth century. 3 At Lao She Teahouse today, customers can drink tea and eat delicious Beijing food. If you like the Beijing Opera, traditional music or magic shows, you can enjoy them at the teahouse. Lao She Teahousegives a warm welcome to everyone from all over the world. Module 6 Animals in danger Unit 1 It allows people to get closer to them. Listen and read (Lingling and Betty are leaving the zoo)Lingling: Did you like the zoo? Betty: Yes! I saw the pandas at last! But I am more interested to see the pandas in the Wolong Panda Reserve, because it allows people to get closer to them. Lingling: It’s sad to think of the pandas and other animals in danger.Betty: We need to protect them better. Lingling: Yes, Many wild animals don’t have a safe place to live, because villages and farms are growing bigger and are taking away their land and forests. WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 Betty: Also, often there isn’t enough clean water, because we’ve made it dirty. I think we all need to help animals live in peace. Look, there’s a notice. Lingling: It says,“Help! We want to save animals in danger, and we need your help.” Betty: But what can we do? Lingling: It says,“Your money pays to look after the animals.”Thatmeans we can give money to help protect the animals. Betty: Maybe we can raise some money at school. Let’s find out what else we can do to save as many animals as possible. Unit 2 The WWF is working hard to save them all. 2 Read the passage and match the heading with the paragraphs.a) Nature parks for pandasb) WWF And animals in danger c) The panda’s home d) An animal in danger 1 Pandas are in danger. There are only about 1,600 pandas living in the wild today. Zoos and research centres are looking after about 340 pandas. Pandas do not have many babies, and baby pandas often die. The situation is getting very difficult. Scientist are doing a lot of research to help pandas produce more babies and help baby pandas live. 2 Pandas live in the forests and mountains of Southwest China. Each panda needs to eat a lot of bamboo every day. The bamboo forests are getting smaller, so pandas are losing their home. And there are not many pandas left. 3 In order to protect pandas in the wild, the government is setting up nature parks and developing other plans. The nature parks will be big and there will be more bamboo to feed the pandas. Pandas bornin zoos may go back to live in the nature parks. WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 4 The World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF) wants to protect all animals. And it chose the panda to be its symbol. We do not want to lose tigers, elephants, or any other animals, so the WWF is working hard to save them all.Module7 A famous story Unit1 Alice was sitting with her sister by the river. Tony: Hi,Lingling! Lingling: Ssh! I’m reading. Tony: Sorry! What’s the book about? Lingling: It’s about a girl called Alice. One day, Alice was sitting with her sister by the river and she saw a white rabbit with a watch. It ran past. Tony: Why was it running? Lingling: Because it was late. Tony: And where was it going? Lingling: To see the Queen of Hearts. Alice followed it and fell down a hole in the ground. Tony: Yes! Then she saw the Cheshire Cat. It was sitting in a tree and smiling at everyone. Lingling: Then Alice arrived at the March Hare’s house. He was sitting with the Mad Hatter and a mouse. They were having a tea party in the garden. Tony: And then Alice met the Queen of Hearts. She was playing a strange game!Lingling: Do you already know the book? Tony: Yes, It’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Everyone in Britain knows the story. Lingling: Then why did you ask me all those questions?Tony: To see if you remember the story! Ha ha…. WORD 格式整理版 学习参考好帮手 U2 She was t
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