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沪教牛津版广州英语七年级(上册)Unit2讲义.doc

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沪教牛津版广州英语七年级(上册)Unit2讲义.doc
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WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 英语初一专题系列之Unit 2 Daily life1. between…and… _________________________ 2. 把某物送给某人 ________________________ 3. once or twice a week_________________________ 4. on foot _________________________5. 过得愉快 _________________________ 6. 放学后 _________________________7. 教某人做某事 _________________________ 8. in the middle of _________________________9. 参加 _________________________ 10. by doing sth _________________________11. How often _________________________ 12. junior high school _________________________13 乘公共汽车 _________________________ 14. 在…末尾 _________________________15 起床 _________________________ 16. play the piano _________________________1. Listen to a boy talking about his weekend. 【考点聚焦】Talk about 意为 “___________”, 后面既可以接人 , 也可以接物。Let’s talk about the problem. The students are talking about the new teacher. 2. 辨析 That’s right. All right 与 That’s all right[考点聚焦]①That’s right ___________。(对别人所说的话表示肯定) ②All right___________ ; ___________;___________ 。 ③That’s all right ___________; ___________(客气话和道歉的回应)—The book is very interesting. —That’s right. 3. Which of these things do you do once or twice a week?[考点聚焦]①助动词 do/does/did 后面要跟动词原形; ② 每周一两次注意:在英语中, 表示一次用 once, 两次用 twice, 表示三次或者三次以上就用基数词+times(time 在这里是可数名词, 表示次数, 需要加 s)如:once a week, twice a week, three(four/ five…)times a weekI play computer games once or twice a week. She (watch)TV (一周两次)1. —Would you please help me do the dishes, John?( 2016 吉林长春中考)— ___________, but I’m busy cleaning my room. A. You’re welcome B. I’m sorry C. It doesn’t matter D. That’s rightWORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 2. —The programme is very popular. —___________ We all like it. A. That’s right B. Not at all C. It doesn’t matter D. You’re welcome3. Let’s discuss the problem after school. A. talk to B. talk about C. know about D. think about4. 他一周上一两次网。He surfs the Internet _________________________________a week. 5. I go swimming twice a week. (对划线部分提问)_________________________________ do you go swimming?4. how often do you watch television. [考点聚焦]①how often 多久一次, 询问动作发生的频率(上节学过的特殊疑问句, 现在再来复习)how often 多久一次 回答:once a week;three times a monthhow soon 多久以后 回答:in an hour;in two weekshow long 多长时间(还可以用于对物体长度提问) 回答:three days;four weekshow far 多远 回答:ten miles, three minutes’ walk—How often do you exercise?— ___________(一周四次)②watch television= watch TV 看电视[辨析]watch、look、see 、readwatch “观看、注视 ”, 全神贯注地看看电视、比赛、实验、表演等Watch TV/game/matchlook “看、望”, 指动作的过程, 表示有意识地看, 但不强调看的结果, 后加介词”at”Look at 看 look for 寻找Look after 照顾see “看”, 强调动作的结果, 但不一定是有意识地看 See a movie /doctorread 主要指看书、看报、看杂志 Read newspaper 看报纸5. Classes start at 8 am, and I am seldom late. at 在这里表示时间, “ 在” 如: at half past two 在两点半at (后+时间)在具体的钟点(后+ 地点)小地方用”at”at 8 am; Arrive at school in (后+时间)指上午、下午或晚上;年月或季节(后+地点)大地方用”in”In the morning; In January ;in spring ;Arrive in Beijingon 具体日期, 在星期几前, 在节日前, 某天 On May 21st;on Monday. On New Year’s Day.一言辨异:Look! The boy is watching the football game, his father is seeing a film, and his mother is reading a newspaper. WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 的上下午 On the morning of May 2nd.7. I enjoy learning about different places in the world. ①Different:不同的。反义词: ___________Be different from “ “② enjoy doing sth= like/love doing sth___________enjoy oneself 相当于___________和___________③ ___________:获悉;了解 1. My father goes to work on foot every day. My father ______________________every day. 2. —Could you tell me it takes to walk to the Disneyland?(2016 陕西中考)—About 20 minutes. A. how far B. how long C. how often D. how soon3. at this picture. can you the cat under the table?A. Look;look B. See;look C. Look;see D. See;look at4. 同义句改写Do you enjoy yourselves at the party?Do you ______________________at the party?Do you ______________________at the party?5. The accident happened ___________7p. m___________ 9p. m. (2012 内蒙古呼和浩特中考)A. from;to B. between;to C. from;and D. between;and8. We have our morning break at 9:50. a. m. Break n. 可数名词 休息。 have /take a break=have /take a rest V. 动词。打破, 打碎。 Break the window 9. When the bell rings, I run to the playground with my best friends Tom and Jack. [考点聚焦]①when 在这里不是表示询问时间, 而是一个连词, 表示”当···时候”, 后面加一个句子。 此处连接两个先后发生的动作;也可表示两个动作同时发生。② ring 是不及物动词, “打电话”n. 电话, 环形物(戒指)。如:give sb. a ring A magic ring 10. How Short it is. 这是一个由 how 引起的感叹句【高频考点】概念:用来表达喜、怒、哀、乐等强烈情感的句子是感叹句, 句末用感叹号, 一般用感叹词 how 或what 引导句型为:(1)how+形容词 /副词+ 主语+谓语(有时也可以省掉主谓语)这个公园多漂亮啊! ______________________WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 (2)What+a/an +形容词+单数可数名词+主语+谓语! What a kind man he is!Tom 是多么诚实的一位男孩啊!______________________ (3)What+ 形容词+不可数名词 /复数名词+ 主语+ 谓语! What fine weather it is today!What beautiful flowers these are!他们是多么聪明的学生啊!______________________ 11. Then Tom, Jack and I take part in the school band practice. [考点聚焦]take part in +n. /动名词 指参加会议、工作、游戏等 , 有积极的态度, 并起到一定作用。join 指加入某个党派, 团体组织等, 成为其成员之一, 意为:”参军、入团、入党” 等; 后面常出现 club, army, team, group。其结构为:join sb. in (doing) sth. join in 多指参加小规模的活动如”球赛、游戏” 等, 常用于日常口语 attend 正式用语, 指参加会议、婚礼、典礼;听报告、讲座等。 12. do morning exercis[考点聚焦]exercise 意为_________________________________ , 一般用语, 可指训练, 锻炼, 操练等①作可数名词用, “ 练习, 习题, 体操, 功课, 操练”等, 常用复数。I'm doing my exercises. ② 作不可数名词用, “ 锻炼 , 运动” 。Take more exercise, and you will be healthy③作动词用, “ 训练, 锻炼 ”。You must exercise yourself in order to be stronger and healthier. 1. ___________ I got home, my sister was doing her homework. A. When B. Because C. If D. Thought2. — ___________funny the joke is! It makes us laugh over and over. A. What an B. What C. How an D. How 3. — ___________exciting boat race it was! Many people watched it. (2016 云南)A. What a B. What an C. How D. How a4. He didn’t___________ the singing competition because there was something wrong with his throat. A. join B. attend C. take part in D. participate5. —I’ll go to Japan for a trip next month. —Great! ___________A. Thank you B. Have a good time! C. Best wishes! D. Glad to see you again6. His grade in the exam put him the top students in his class. A. between B. among C. over D. above7. —Hi, guys. Where were we yesterday?—We learned the differences fact and opinion. WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 A. between B. among C. during D. beyond8. The students do morning___________(exercise ) every day. 9. My grandmother___________(exercise )three times a week. 13. which of these things do you never do?[考点聚焦] 频度副词这里的 never 是频度副词 , 意为”___________ “, 一般用来加强否定语气 , 通常用于 be 动词、助动词、或情态动词之后, 实义动词之前。除 never 外, 其他常见的频度副词还有 always, usually, often sometimes, seldom 等。按其所表示的频率高低排列为: That is a mistake. We’ll never do it again. He never watches TV at night. [易混辨析]Sometimes 有时 频度副词, 多用于一般现在时的句子中Sometime 在某时 表示不明确的或尚未确定的时间, 既可以表示过去的时间也可以表示将来的时间Some time 一段时间 名词短语, 此时的 time 是不可数名词, 意为”时间”Some times 几次(倍) 此时 time 是可数名词, 意为”次;倍数”—When will we hold the meeting?—Sometime next week. I’ll stay here for some time. —Have you ever been to Thailand?—Some times. 14. She always arrives at school at 7:25 a. m. [考点聚焦]arrive 意为”___________ “arrive 作不及物动词 , 后接地点名词时, 常与介词 in 或 at 连用。arrive in + arrive at + Call me when you the train station. They finally Beijing at seven in the evening. [易混辨析]arrive 不及物动词, 意为” 到达”, 其后如果跟地点名词, 常用 arrive in 或 arrive atreach 及物动词, 意为” 到达”, 其后直接跟宾语口诀助记:分开“一段时间 ”some time相聚在“某个时候 ”sometimeS 分开“几次,几倍”some timesS 连往“有时”sometimesWORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 get 不及物动词, 意为” 到达”, 后接地点名词时, 要先加介词 to, 再加地点名词;后接地点副词时, 则不需要加 to. After many days, we finally reached our destination. How do you get to school every day?1. Lucy likes staying at home. She ___________goes traveling during holidays. (2015 广西)A. usually B. seldom C. always D. often2. — ___________do you volunteer in Old People’s Home?(2016 吉林长春)—Once a week. We hope to help the old more. A. How soon B. How many C. How often D. How long3. How often do you send an email ___________ your cousin?A. to B. up C. with D. for4. He often send emails to me(同义句改写)He often____________________________________________. 5. Many parents have to ___________early to make breakfast for their kids. A. get up B. stay up C. give up6. Don’t ___________too late, or you will feel tired next day. A. wake up B. get up C. stay up D. show up7. I usually walk to school, but I___________ go by bus. A. some times B. sometime C. sometimes D. some time8. —Do you know who taught ___________French?—Nobody. He learned it by___________. A. his; himself B. him; him C. him; himself D. his; him9. —How do you learn English, Tony?—I practice English ___________chatting ___________my American friend. A. in; to B. by; of C. by; with D. from; with10. _________ the morning of September 8th, many visitors arrived _________ the train station for a tour. A. In; at B. On; to C. In; in D. On; at11. Sandy likes travelling. She ___________ stays at home during holidays. A. hardly ever B. usually C. always D. often12. —Henry , please call us as soon as you ___________ Hawaii. —OK. I’ll do that, Mom. A. arrive in B. are arriving in C. will arrive atGrammer一般现在时讲解定义一般现在时表示现在经常反复发生的动作或一般事实, 也可以表示现在存在的状态或主语具备的性格或能力。通常与时间状语 always, usually, often, sometimes, on Sundays, once a week, in the morning/afternoon /evening, every day(week, year, month)等。WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 一般现在时具体用法如下:1. 表示现在的状态(人或事物): He’s twelve. She’s at work. Mary’s father is an English teacher. 2. 表经常或习惯性的动作, 常与表示频度的时间状语连用:I get up at 6:30 every day. He reads English every morning. 3. 表主语具备的性格、能力和特征I don't like this book. She doesn’t like vegetables. 4. 表示客观事实和普遍真理The earth moves around the sun. The sun rises in the east every day. 5. 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中, 常用一般现在时代替将来时。I'll write to you as soon as I arrive there. 二、一般现在时构成:基本结构:1. 含有 be 动词的一般现在时的结构:肯定句: 主语+be(am, is, are)+其它I am a boy. 否定句:主语+ be + not +其它He is not a worker. 一般疑问句:Be +主语+其它。 -Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike?2. 含有行为动词的一般现在时的结构:(1) 当主语为第一 , 二人称及复数时, 助动词为 do肯定句:主语+动词原形(+其它)。We often play basketball after school. 否定句:主语+ don't+动词原形(+ 其它)。we don’t play basketball after school. 一般疑问句:Do +主语+ 动词原形+其它?Do you often play basketball after school ? Yes, we do. / No, we don't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+以 do 开头的一般疑问句?What do you often do after school ?(2) 当主语为第三人称单数时 , 助动词为 does肯定句:主语+动词三单式(+ 其它)WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 He swims well. 否定句:主语+ doesn’t+动词原形(+其它)He doesn’t swim well. . 一般:Does +主语+动词原形+其它Does he swim well ? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn't. 特殊疑问句:疑问词+以 does 开头的一般疑问句?How does your father go to work?注意:A:一般现在时用行为动词的原形, 但第三人称单数作主语时 , 动词要用第三人称单数形式。第三人称单数形式的变化规则是:1. 一般的动词词尾+S. cook-cooks, milk-milks work - works2. 以 sh/ch/s/x 或 o 结尾的词+es. guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes3. 以辅音字母+Y 结尾的把 Y 变成 i, +es. study-studies carry - carries4. 特殊变化:have—hasB:在一般现在时中, 当主语是第三人称単数时, 谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式, 即常在动词原形后加-s 或-es, 具体有哪些主语是第三人称单数:1. 人称代词 he, she, it 是第三人称单数。如: He likes watching TV. She has lunch at twelve. It looks like a cat. 2. 单个人名、地名或称呼作主语;是第三人称单数。如: Han Mei looks like her mother. Beijing is in China. Uncle Wang often makes cakes. 3. 单数可数名词或”this/that/the+单数可数名词”作主语时 , 是第三人称单数。如: A horse is a useful animal. This book is yours. That car is red. The cat is Lucy's. 4. 不定代词 someone, somebody, nobody, everything, something 等及指示代词 this, that 作主语时, 是第三人称单数。如: Everyone is here. There is something wrong with the watch. This is a pen. That is an eraser. 5. 不可数名词作主语时为第三人称单数。如: The milk is in the glass. The bread is very small. WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 6. 当数字或字母作主语时, 看作第三人称单数。如: “I” is a letter. “6”is a lucky number. 高分秘籍巩固训练一、用所给词的正确形式填空 1. We often___________(play) on the playgound. 2. He ____________________(get) up at six o’clock. 3. __________you ____________________(brush) your teeth every morning. 4. What_______________ (do) he usually ________________(do) after school? 5. Danny __________________(study) English, Chinese, Maths, Science and Art at school. 6. Mike sometimes __________(go) to the park with his sister. 7. At eight at night, she ___________________(watch) TV with his parents. 8. ___________________ Mike________(read) English every day? 9. How many lessons _________________your classmate_______________(have) on Monday? 10. What time _______________his mother_________(do) the housework? 11. He often _________________(have) dinner at home. 12. Daniel and Tommy______________ (be) in Class One. 13. We_______________ (not watch) TV on Monday. 14. Nick ________________(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 15. They_________________ (like) the World Cup? 16. What _______________they often _______________(do) on Saturdays 17. Your parents___________________ (read) newspapers every day? 18. The girl_________________ (teach) us English on Sundays. 19. She and I __________________(take) a walk together every evening. 20. There__________________ (be) some water in the bottle. 二、选择填空: ( ) 1. I ________to school at 7:00 in the morning. A. go B. going C. goes ( ) 2. They _______books every day in the library. A. reads B. read C. reading ( ) 3. The monkey________ eating bananas very much. A. like B. likes C. liking ( ) 4. My father ________to read newspaper after supper every dayA. like B. likes C. liking ( ) 5. I like watching TV, but my mother _________like it. A. don’t B. doesn’t C. does ( ) 6. ____________ your father drink milk every day? A. do B. are C. does ( ) 7. Jenny ____ in an office. Her parents _______________in a hospital. A work works B works work C work are working D is working work ( ) 8. One of the boys________________ a black hat. WORD 格式.可编辑 技术资料分享 A have B there is C there are D has ( ) 9. We will go shopping if it_______________ tomorrow. A don't rain Bdidn't rain Cdoesn't rain Disn't rain ( ) 10. He said the sun _______________in the east and _______________in the west. A rose; set B rises; sets C rises, set D rise; sets ( ) 11. Wang Mei _______________ music and often _______________ to music. A like; listen B likes; listens C like; are listening D liking listen ( ) 12. Jenny_______________ English every evening. A has study B studies C study D studied三、改错(划出错误的地方, 将正确的写在横线上) 1. Is your brother speak English? __________________ 2. Does he likes going fishing? __________________ 3. He likes play games after class. __________________ 4. Mr. Wu teachs us English. __________________ 5. She don’t do her homework on Sundays. _________________1. I like soft and gentle music. It ___________nice. (浙江省)A. is sounded B. sounded C. sounds D. sounding 2. —Do you know the famous basketball player Kobe has said goodbye to the NBA?(2016 江苏)—Yes. I’m afraid I will ___________see him on screen. A. sometimes B. often C. always D. seldom3. Grace is pretty healthy because she ___________exercises and eats a lot of vegetables. (2014 江西)A. never B. hardly C. sometimes D. often4. —Who is that lady?—She’s Miss Green. She ___________us music, and she is so good. (2016 湖北武汉)A. taught B. teaches C. will teaches D. is teaching5. Our teacher said the earth ___________ round the sun. A. travel B. travel
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