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船舶避碰14.ppt

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船舶避碰14.ppt
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,第二章 驾驶和航行规则 第一节 任何能见度行动规则 第二节 船舶在互见中的行动规则 第十一条 适用范围(Application) 第十二条 帆船(Sailing Vessels) 第十三条 追越(Overtaking) 第十四条 对遇局面(Head-on Situation) 第十五条 交叉对遇局面(Crossing Situation) 第十六条 让路船的行动(Action by Give-way Vessel) 第十七条 直航船当行动(Action by Stand-on Vessel) 第十八条 船舶之间的责任(Responsibilities between Vessels),船舶之间的责任,避碰规则规定的(两)船舶之间的责任有: 不应妨碍; 让路; 同等的避让责任;,船舶之间的责任,18条规定的是不同操纵能力的船舶之间的责任 基本原则是按避让操纵行为的能力划分船舶之间的责任; 不考虑会遇局面(但追越除外) 规定的(两)船舶之间的责任有: 不应妨碍; 让路;,船舶之间的责任,优先顺序 次于第9、10、13条 与狭水道条款规定不同而构成矛盾与冲突时(主要为不应妨碍的规定),应执行狭水道条款; 与分道通航制条款冲突时(主要为不应妨碍的规定),应执行分道通航制条款; 任何船舶之间的追越适用13条。 优先于12、14、15条。,船舶之间的责任,Rule 18 Responsibilities between Vessels Except where Rules 9, 10 and 13 otherwise require: (a) A power-driven vessel underway shall keep out of the way of: (i) a vessel not under command; (ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre; (iii) a vessel engaged in fishing; (iv) a sailing vessel.,船舶之间的责任,(b) A sailing vessel underway shall keep out of the way of: (i) a vessel not under command; (ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre; (iii) a vessel engaged in fishing.,船舶之间的责任,(c) A vessel engaged in fishing when underway shall, so far as possible, keep out of the way of: (i) a vessel not under command; (ii) a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre.,船舶之间的责任,(d) (i) Any vessel other than a vessel not under command or a vessel restricted in her ability to manoeuvre shall, if the circumstances of the case admit, avoid impeding the safe passage of a vessel constrained by her draught, exhibiting the signals in Rule 28. (ii) A vessel constrained by her draught shall navigate with particular caution having full regard to her special condition.,船舶之间的责任,(e) A seaplane on the water shall, in general, keep well clear of all vessels and avoid impeding their navigation. In circumstances, however, where risk of collision exists, she shall comply with the Rules of this Part. (f) (i) A WIG craft shall, when taking off, landing and in flight near the surface, keep well clear of all other v
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