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形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词区别与用法.doc

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形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词区别与用法.doc
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形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词的用法一、概念: 物主代词表示 “……(人)的”,表所属关系。形容词性物主代词是其中的一种,它具有形容词的特征。二、物主代词用法歌诀。物主代词两类型,形容词与名词性。形容词性作定语,后面定把名词用。名词性要独立用,主宾表语它都充。①人称代词的主格在句子中作主语1. I am sorry I am late.2. They/We are both from the south.3.She is clever than me.②.人称代词的宾格在句子中作动词宾语或介词宾语,表语。1.His mother told him to study hard.2.Deming’s mother bought a new bike for him.3.Who is it ? It is me③.形容词性物主代词一般位于名词前,用作定语。1 .My name is John Green. 我叫约翰•格林。2.Excuse me, is this your car? 对不起,这是您的车吗?3. His parents are in England. 他的父母在英国。 4.They wash their faces every day. 他们每天都洗脸。④.名词性物主代词的句法功能a. 作主语,例如:May I use your pen? Yours works better.我可以用一用你的钢笔吗? 人称代词 物主代词人称 意义 数量主格 宾格 形容词性 名词性我 单数 I me my mine第一人称我们 复数 we us our ours你 单数 you you your yours第二人称你们 复数 you you your yours他 he him his his她 she her her hers它单数It It its its第三人称他/她/它们 复数 they them their theirsb. 作宾语,例如:I love my motherland as much as you love yours.我爱我的祖国就像你爱你的祖国一样深。c. 名词性物主代词 =形容词性物主代词+名词为避免重复使用名词,有时可用“名词性物主代词”来代替“形容词性物主代词+ 名词”的形式。例:My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.为避免重复使用 bag,可写成 My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and yours is pink.d. 名词性物主代词有时可以和 of 构成短语,1 A friend of mine is good at English.2 I hate that behaviour (行为)of hersThat photo of yours is beautiul.三、形容词性物主代词与名词性物主代词的练习用所给词的适当形式填空 1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very small, but _________ is very big. ( I ) 2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I )4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack.Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he )5. _________ dresses are red. (we) What color are _________? ( you )6. Here are many dolls, which one is _________ ? ( she )7. I can find my toy, but where’s _________? ( you )8. Show _________ your kite, OK? (they)9. I have a beautiful cat. _________name is Mimi. These cakes are _________. ( it )10. Are these _________ tickets?No, _________ are not _________. _________ aren’t here. ( they )11. Shall _________ have a look at that classroom? That is _________ classroom. ( we )12. _________ is my aunt. Do you know _________ job? _________ a nurse. ( she )13. That is not _________ camera. _________is at home. ( he )14. Where are _________? I can’t find _________. Let’s call _________ parents. ( they )15. Don’t touch _________. _________ not a cat, _________ a tiger!(it) 16. _________ sister is ill. Please go and get _________. ( she )17. _________ don’t know her name. Would you please tell _________. ( we )18. So many dogs. Let’s count _________. ( they )19. I have a lovely brother. _________ is only 3. I like _________ very much. ( he )20. May I sit beside _________? ( you )21. Look at that desk. Those book are on _________. ( it ) 22.The girl behind _________ is our friend. (she )单项选择.1.This is a girl._____ name is Lily. A.His B.She C.Her D.Its2.This is Wang Fang._____ is twelve.A.His B.She C.Her D.Its3.I _____ a girl._______ name is Wang Hong.A.am;My B.is;Her C.am;Your D.is;His4.Li Lei ______ a boy._____ is in class 5.A.am;He B.is;She C.are;His D.is;He5.-----Is the cat ______-friend?------Yes,_______.A.your;it isn’t B.he;it isC.your;it is D.her;it isn’t6.This is a bird. I don’t know _______name.A.its’ B.it’s C.it D.its7.-------How old is Spotty?-----_______ five.A.its’ B.It’s C.it D.its8.what’s this? It’s ______pencil.A.my a B.a my C.my the D.my9.I think _____ Mrs Wang.A.he’s B. His C.she’s D.it’s10-----What’s that? -----_____ is a cat.A.It B.He C.She D.You11.This new computer is , I must look after computer. A. my, mine B. mine, my C. my, my D. mine, mine12.It’s seven o’clock in the morning. Let’s .A. go to bed B. go to school C. to go to home D. going to school13.____________? It’s ten.A. What colour is it B. What time is itC. How old is he D. What’s five minus five14.–Is this new bag ? --No, it’s .A. his, his B. his, hers C. yours, my D. hers, your 15. –What’s the time, please? -- .A. It’s eight-thirty five B. It’s eight-thirty-fiveC. It’s eight thirty-five D. It’s thirty-five past eight16.–Is Tom a friend of yours?--Yes, he is a friend of .A. I B. me C. my D. mine17.There are his trousers. Give .A. it to him B. him it C. them to him D. him them18There on the wall .They are very beautiful.A. are photoes B. are photosC. is a photo D. is photos19 This car made in Shanghai.A. is B .are C .were D .has20 There are four and two in the group.A. Japanese, Germen B Japaneses, GermenC. Japanese,German C.Japanese, Germans.21 That’s art book.A. an B. a C. the D are22. The boys have got already.A. two bread B. two breadsC. two pieces of bread D. two piece of bread23. The old man wants .A. six boxes of apples B. six boxes of appleC. six box of apples D. six boxs of apples24. There some in the river.A. is, fish B. are, fishs C. is, fishs D. are, fish25. There two in the box.A. is watch B. are watches C. are watch D. is watches26. We should clean twice a day.A .our tooth B. our tooths C. teeth D. our teeth127.The _____ meeting room is near the reading room.A. teacher B.teacher’s C.teachers’ D.teachers28. This is my book. __ are over there.A. Your B. Yours C. You D. Mine29. Whose pen is it? It’s __.A. her B. hers C. she D. his30. __ bag is new and __ is new, too.A. Our, he B. Ours, his C. My, his D. My, her31. This room is ours, and that one is __.A. they B. them C. theirs D. their32. Whose pencils are there? They’re __.A. my B. me C. mine D. our33. Is the new watch __? Yes, it’s __ .A. you, me B. yours, mine C. your, my D. your, mine34. Whose shoes are these? They are __.A. me B. mine C. my D. I 35. She is a student , __ name is Han Mei. A. its B. her C. hers D. his36. It’s a dog. I don’t know __ name. A. its’ B. its C. it D. it’s 37. This ruler isn’t mine. I think it is __.A. he B. him C. his D. her38.__ schoolbag is beautiful. But __ is more beautiful.A. Jims, my B. Jim’s, mine C. Jim’s, me D. Jims’, I 39. __ am a boy and __ is a girl.A. My, she B. I, her C. I, she D. Mine, she40.I like __ new dress.A. She B. her C. hers D. his 41.I often help __ mother do __ housework(家务活) 。A. me, she B. mine, her C. my, her D. I, hers42.Is that __ hat? No, it’s not __. It’s __.A. your, my, Toms B. you, mine, Tom’s
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