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小学英语主谓一致专项讲解及训练.doc

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小学英语主谓一致专项讲解及训练.doc
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主谓一致 一、主谓一致三原则 主谓一致是指谓语动词与主语在人称和数上保持一致,主谓一致必须遵循三原则:语法一致原则,意义一致原则,就近一致原则。1. 语法一致原则:指主语是单数形式,谓语动词用单数形式,主语是复数形式,谓语也用复数形式。Tom ________(is / are)a good student. 汤姆是个好学生。They often ________(plays / play)football on the playground. 他们经常在操场上踢足球。2. 意义一致原则:指主语形式上为单数,但意义为复数,因此谓语动词用复数形式;或主语形式上为复数,但表示单数意义,这是谓语动词用单数形式。My family ________(is / are)having lunch now. 我们一家人现在正吃午饭。Twenty dollars ________ (is / are)too expensive for the book. 这本书 20 美元太贵了。3. 就近一致原则:指谓语动词用单数形式还是用复数形式,取决于最靠近它的主语。例如:Not only the teacher but also his students ________(like / likes)playing football.不仅老师喜欢踢足球,而且他的学生也喜欢踢足球。There ________(is / are)a pen and some books on the desk. 课桌上有一支钢笔和一些书。二、主谓一致常考题型 1. 单数名词(代词),不可数名词作主语时,谓语用单数形式;复数名词 (代词)作主语,谓语用复数形式。The desk ________(is / are)Tom’s. 这张桌子是汤姆的。Some water ________(is / are )in the bottle. 一些水在瓶子里。The students ________(is / are)playing football on the playground.这些学生正在操场上踢足球。2. more than one + 单数名词作主语,谓语用单数。More than one student ________(has / have)ever been to Beijing. 不止一个学生曾经去过北京。3. 表示时间,价格,重量,数目,长度,数学运算等的词或短语作主语时,这些通常作一个整体概念,谓语用单数形式。Two months ________(is / are)a long holiday. 两个月是一个长假。Twenty pounds ________(is / are)not so heavy. 2 0 磅并不太重。Ten miles ________(is / are)not a long distance. 1 0 英里并不是一段很长的距离。Five minus four ________(is / are )one. 5 减 4 等于 1。4. 主语是 each/every+单数名词+and(each/every)+ 单数名词时,谓语动词用单数。Each boy and each girl ________(has / have)got a seat. 每个男孩和女孩都有一个座位。Every man and every woman ________(is / are)at work. 每个男人和女人都在工作。5. one and a half + 复数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。One and a half hours ________(is / are)enough. 一个半小时足够了。6. 动词不定式,动名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。To see ________(is / are)to believe. 眼见为实。Doing eye exercises ________(is / are)good for your eyes.做眼睛保健操对你的眼睛十分有益。7. a/an+单数名词+or two 作主语,谓语动词用单数。A student or two ________(like / likes)to listen to this new teacher’s class.一两个学生喜欢听这位新老师的课。8. 当主语部分( 主语是单数时) 含有 with,together with,along with,as well as,besides ,except,but,like 等介词或介词短语时,谓语动词用单数形式;但 “名词+as well as+名词”时,谓语动词一般应与第一个名词一致。Mike with his father ________(has / have)been to England. 迈克同他的父亲去过英格兰。Mike, like his brother, ________(enjoy / enjoys)playing football.迈克像他的哥哥一样喜欢踢足球。The students as well as the teacher ________(was / were)present at the meeting.开会的时候,学生们和老师都在场。9. 由 and 连接的两个单数名词作主语时,一般用复数形式,但 and 所连接的并列主语是同一个人,事物,或概念时,谓语动词用单数。这两种情况区分如下:a/the+单数名词+and+单数名词,指的是同一个人或物;a/the+单数名词+and+a/the+单数名词,指两个人或物。The writer and teacher ________(is / are)coming. 那位作家兼教师来了。 (作家和教师指同一个人)The writer and the teacher ________(is / are)coming. 作家和老师来了。(作家和老师是两个人)A knife and fork ________(is / are)on the table. 桌子上放着一副刀叉。10. people, police 等集体名词作主语,谓语动词用复数形式;family, class, group, team等集体名词作主语,若指一个整体时,谓语动词用单数形式,若指一个一个的具体成员时,谓语动词复数形式。People here ________(is / are)very friendly. 这儿的人很友好。His family ________(is / are)not large. 他家的人不多。My family all ________( like / likes)watching TV. 我们一家人都喜欢看电视。11. 不定代词 somebody, someone, something, anybody, anything, everybody, everyone, nobody, everything, no one, nothing 作主语,谓语动词用单数。________(Is / Are)everyone here today? 今天大家到齐了吗?Something ________(is / are)wrong with him. 他有毛病。Nobody ________(was / were)in. 没有人在家。12. each, either, neither, another, the other 作主语,谓语动词用单数。Each of them ________(has / have)an English dictionary. 他们每人都有一本英语词典。Neither answer ________(is / are )correct. 两个答案都不正确。13. 以—s 结尾的名词本身不表示复数意义,谓语通常用单数形式,如 news, maths, physics 等。No news ________(is / are)good news. 没有消息就是好消息。Maths ________(is / are)very popular in our class 在我们班数学很受欢迎。14. 由 both…and…连接两个单数名词作主语时,谓语动词通常用复数形式;由 or, either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also…, not…but…,连接两个名词或代词作主语时,根据就近原则决定谓语动词形式。但是如果 either, each, neither 作主语,则动词为单数形式。Either my wife or I ________(am / is / are)going.Neither you, nor I, nor anyone else ________(know / knows)the answer.Not only you but also he ________(is / are)ready to leave.Each of us ________(has / have)got a new story book.Neither of the books ________(is / are)very interesting.15. 如果主语是由“a series of, a kind of, a portion of+等+名词”构成时,动词一般用单数形式。但 a variety of, a number of +名词复数,动词要用复数形式; .而 the number of +复数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。A number of students ________(is / are)going to visit this place of interest.The number of the students ________(is / are)over 80016.以 here,there 开头的句子,若主语在两个或两个以上,谓语动词通常与临近的主语一致。There ________(is / are)a book and three pens on the desk.Here ________(is / are)some books and paper for you.17. the+形容词表示一类人时,谓语动词用复数形式;表示抽象概念时,用单数形式。The poor ________(is / are)very happy, but the rich ________(is / are)sad.The beautiful ________(live / lives)forever. 美是永存的。 三、肯定与否定一致下列形容词、副词、代词从肯定句变成否定句时须作相应的变化。 We've had some (money).→ We haven't had _____________ (money).I was talking to someone.→ I wasn't talking to _____________.They sometimes visit us.→ They rarely (never, seldom) visit us.He has arrived already. → He hasn't arrived _____________.Li is coming, too.→ Li isn't coming, _____________.Both of us are going.→ Neither of us are going.He likes both of them.→ He doesn't like either of them.注意:so / neither+ 助动词+名词/ 代词结构中须用倒装语序。My wife likes classic music very much and so do I.She doesn't like jazz and neither do I. 主谓一致专项练习题( )1. Either Jane or Steven _____ watching TV now.A. were B. is C. was D. are( )2. Two days _______enough for me to finish the work, I need a third day.A. isn’t B. is C. aren’t D. are( )3. —How many lessons do you usually have a day?—Six lessons a day. And each of them _____45 minutes.A. last B. lasts C. have D. are( )4. Neither Li Ping nor I _______a basketball player.A. am B. is C. be D. are( )5. There ______ many new words in Lesson One, but it is very easy.A. is B. aren’t C. isn’t D. are( )6. The number of the students in our school ____1200.A. is B. are C. has D. have( )7. Maths _______ my favourite subject.A. be B. is C. am D. are( )8. The boy with the two dogs _____ when the earthquake rocked the city.A. were sleeping B. is sleepingC. was sleeping D. are sleeping( )9. Everyone except Tom and John _____there when the meeting began.A. are B. is C. were D. was( )10. That place is not interesting at all. ____of us wants to go there.A. Neither B. Both C. All D. Some( )11. Nobody but Jane _____ the secret.A. know B. knows C. have know D. is( )12. —What’s on the plate? Some eggs and cakes on it?—There _____some eggs and cakes on it.A. is B. are C. was D. were( )13. This pair of glasses ______mine.A. are B. be C. is D. will be( )14. Both Lily and Lucy ______ to the party yesterday.A. invited B. was invitedC. had invited D. were invited( )15. —Two months ______quite a long time.—Yes, I’m afraid that he will miss lots of his lessons.A. is B. are C. was D. were( )16. If Bob's wife doesn't agree to go on a holiday in winter, __________.A. neither he will B. neither won't heC. neither will he D. he won't neither( )17. His family _____all very kind and friendly, and his family ______a happy one.A. are, is B. is, is C. are, are D. is, are( )18. The singer and the dancer _____come to Beijing.A. has B. have C. are D. is( )19. I haven't finished my homework yet. ____________.A. so has he B. Neither he has C. He has too D. He hasn't either( )20. All but one _____ here just now.A. is B. was C. has been D. were
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