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常用不规则过去式.doc

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常用不规则过去式.doc
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常用不规则过去式: hurt →hurt(受伤) read →read put →put swim→swam give→gave sing----sang drink→drank ride→rode drive→drove write→wrote win→won buy--bought fly----flew say---said learn----learned/learnt see---saw take---took get----got make-----made eat----ate leave-----left go----went---gone have---had run---ran tell---told come---came1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化:⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。(was not=wasn’t)⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。(were not=weren‘t)3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子否定句:didn’t+ 动词原形,如:Jim didn‘t go home yesterday。动词过去式变化规则:1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:work__-worked , cook-cooked2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:live____lived3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped4.以“辅音字母 y”结尾的,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied6 不规则动词过去式am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, swim-swam, sit-satis\am_________ plant________ are ________drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____taste_________ eat__________ put ______kick_________ pass_______ do ________小学五年级英语语法:现在进行时表示现在正在进行的动作。构成: 主语+be 动词+动词的现在分词+其它成分We are having lunch.He is reading a book.The dog is running after a cat.The boys are swimming across the river.★变疑问句将 be 动词移到句首Are we having lunch?Is he reading a book?Is the dog running after a cat?Are the boys swimming across the river?★变否定句在 be 动词后面加 notWe are not having lunch.He is not reading a book.The dog is not running after a cat.The boys are swimming across the river.★特殊疑问句:what, which, how, where, who, etc.疑问词+be 动词+主语+ 现在分词What are you doing?What is she doing?What is the dog doing?没有进行时的动词(必背)表示状态,思想,感情和感觉的动词不能表示正在进行的动作1. 表示感觉,感官的词see, hear, like, love, want,2. have, has 当 ”拥有”讲时没有进行时名词单数变复数1. 直接加“s”2. 以“s,x,sh,ch” 结尾的加 “es”3. 以辅音字母加“y”结尾的变“y ”为“ i“加“es”4. 男人女人“ a”变 “ e5. ”
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