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新概念英语97-102课知识点及习题.doc

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新概念英语97-102课知识点及习题.doc
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1Lesson97~102句型及短语1、leave “遗忘,丢下 ”通常可与表示地点的短语连用。句型:leave sth + some place(某地) 如:I left my glasses in the library. 我把眼镜忘在图书馆里了。句型:forget sth“头脑中忘记了”如:I forgot to tell you who I am。我忘了告诉你我是谁。2、the other day 表示“几天前”。the other +表示时间的名词通常只与过去时态连用。类似的短语有:the other morning/afternoon/evening/night(几天前上午/ 下午/晚上/ 夜里) ,the other week/ month/ year(几周/月/年前) 。3、There's a label on the handle with my name and address on it. 箱把上有一标签,上面写着我的姓名和住址。句中介词 with 在这里可理解为 “有”的意思。4.fifty pence, 50 便士。pence 是 penny(便士)的复数形式,表示币值。5、belong to +人/物“属于某人或某物”That pen belongs to him.那只笔是他的。Which party does he belong to?他是哪个党的党员?6、What’s the matter?=what’s wrong (with you)?=what’s the trouble?你怎么了?(交际用语中经常用到)7、写地点时一般是由小到大的顺序。如:83,Xinhua Road Pingdingshan City Henan Province。8、get up,站起来。 这一短语还可表示“起床” 。9、be afraid that,担心,恐怕;be sure that, 肯定,确信,认为。这两个结构后面通常接从句,在口语中有时 that 可省略。 I am afraid I can't help you. 恐怕我帮不了你。I'm sure that everything will be better by then. 我相信到那时一切都会更美好。10、be hurt 、get hurt“受伤” 如:She gets hurt.她受了伤。11、help sb (to)do sth“帮助某人做某事 ”help sb with sth“在某事上帮助某人” 。如:My English teacher often helps me with my English.英语老师经常帮我学习英语。Help(动词)------helpful(形容词)12、get to+地点,reach+ 地点,arrive in+大地点,arrive at+小地点。如:I get to my school on time.我按时到达了学校。She reachs USA by plane.她乘飞机到达了美国。He arrived in Beijing on Friday morning. He arrived at the station before the bus left.13、what else 别的什么。疑问代词 /不定代词+else。如:anything else?14、speak up,大声地说,清楚地说。up 作副词用时可表示强度等的由弱到强、由低到高 :Please speak up 请大声点。15、hope to do sth 希望做某事。如:I hope to get a new bike。但不能说:hope sb to do sth16、write to sb 给某人写信。 The man writes to his wife once a week。那个男的一周给他的妻子写一封信。I'll write to you soon. 我会尽快给你写信的。Hear from+人 收到某人的来信。I heard from my friend yesterday。昨天,我收到了朋友的来信。语法学习:1. 所有格形容词和所有格代词(1)所有格形容词与所有格代词都表示所有,即某人或某物属于某一个人,回答以 whose 引导的问句。所有格形容词 my,your 等是限定词,必须始终放在名词之前,只能作定语。它们的形式取决于所有者,而不是被拥有的东西。所有格代词 mine,yours 等不能用在名词前,并且在说话时要加重语气。它们指人或物,单数或复数都一样。请见下表:This is my car. 这是我的汽车。 (定语) That is her coat. 这是她的上衣。 (定语)Your car is red,mine is blue. 你的车是红色的,我的是蓝色的。 (主语)This book is his,not yours. 这本书是他的,不是你的。 (表语)2I have my way, and she has hers. 我有我的处事方式,她有她的。 (宾语)(2)名词所有格是在词尾加-'s 构成的,不仅可作定语,还可作表语:Is this Dave's shirt? 这是戴夫的衬衫吗?(作定语)Whose is that shirt? Is it your daughter's? 那条裙子是谁的?是你女儿的吗?(作表语)2. 宾语从句(1)宾语从句在句中作宾语,一般用 that 引导,但在口语中经常省略掉 that. 可用在 say, think, believe, hope, know, understand, suppose 等动词之后:She says that she is cold. 她说她冷。He thinks that he needs an X-ray. 他认为他需要拍个 X 片。I know that I can repair this car. 我知道我能修理这部车。They believe that they will have more money. 他们认为他们会有更多的钱。可用在某些描写感情的形容词之后,如 afraid, sure, sorry,glad 等:I am sure that you need an X-ray.我觉得你需要拍个 X 片。I am sorry that you are ill. 听到你生病了我很难过。(2) .间接引述时的时态假如间接引语中的引述动词是现在时,那么其后的时态通常与原来口头陈述句的时态相同。转述刚刚说完的话时通常皆如此。直接引语和间接引语直接引语就是直接引用说话人原来所说的话;间接引语就是原话的转述。直接引语放在引号里,间接引语是把说话人的原话变成宾语从句。间接引语中,宾语从句中的动词与主句中的主要动词在时态上必须保持一致。一般来说,主要动词用现在时,间接引语中可用现在时(包括一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时)和将来时。如:She says she's got a headache. 她说她头痛。He says he's staying at a Youth Hostel. 你说他正住在一家青年招待所。He says he has sold his house. 他说他已卖掉了房子。把直接陈述改为间接引语时,谓语动词形式的变化体现在人称上。如:He says: ‘I hope you are all well. ’他说:“我希望你们都身体健康。“He says he hopes we/they are all well. 他说他希望我们/他们都身体健康。The girl says: ‘I have finished my homework.’那个姑娘说:“她已完成了家庭作业。“ The girl says that she has finished her homework.那个姑娘说她已完成了家庭作业。3.反义疑问句(又名附加疑问句)He doesn't write very much,does he?他没写许多,是吗?附加疑问句中的前后两部分的谓语在时态、人称和数上都要一致。回答这种问句时要简略,要根据事实回答。假如答语本身是肯定的,就用 Yes;假如答语本身是否定的,就用 No。练习题部分一.选择正确的词并用适当的形式填空Forget help hurt leave stand fall need31. When I have trouble ,my teacher always _________ me.2. He walk on the ice and suddenly________on it.3. She _______to close the window, when she leaves the classroom.4. Tom ________his book on the teacher’s desk.5. Her sister ________ herself in yesterday’s P.E class.6. She didn’t work hard and he _________behind in the class.二.完成句子1.They help her_____________ her mother.(他们帮她找到了妈妈 )2.My teacher often helps me________________my homework.(老师经常在作业上帮我)3.I think he______________________________late next time.(他下次最好不要来晚了)三.按要求组句子。1.today feels he that he ill says(组成一句话)________________________________________________________________2.am doctor I a that he must afraid see(组成一句话)_________________________________________________________________3.better he that rest thinks had I a have(组成一句话)_________________________________________________________________下面三道题变成宾语从句:4.“I haven’t got much money” He says__________________________________________5.He told me “I wait an hour for you” .He told me ___________________________________________6.“You have to stay in bed for a week”. The doctor said to me ___________________________________下面三道题变成反义疑问句:7. He did not come to your party last night,______ _______?8. Penny likes to play pingpong when free,______ _______?9. They ________ finished that piece of work, have they?四、用单词的适当形式填空。1.He ______ (have) just finished his home work.2.They are ______(stay) at a five-star hotel in zhengzhou.3.They _______(do ) say very much, did they?4.Penny is reading _______(Jim)card to ______(she).5.I’ve already _______ (write) the letter to _______(I) penfriend.五、单项选择题。( )1.You can’t write very _____on a card. A.lot B.many C.much D.good( ) 2.They ask me to ________ ,because they can’t _______me.A.say up, hear B.speak up, listen to C. talk up ,see. D. speak up ,hear.( )3.Which part is in the north of the UK?A.Englan B.Scotland C.Wales D.North Ireland( )4.______did you see and talk to at the party last night?A.Who else B.Where else C.When else D.What else( )5.You ____ go there with our parents, will you?A. aren’t B.are C.will D.won’t六、按要求改句子。1.“I’ve got a cold ”She thinks. (改为间接引语)She_______that_____ ______ a ________.42.I said,“We are on the way to Beijing”(改为间接引语)He______that _____ _____ _____the ______to Beijing.3.“You need some money, I am afraid.”He says to her.(转换句子)He is_______ that_______ _______some ________4so I can don’t swim know that he well(连词成句)_______________________________________________________________5.He’s just arrived in Zhengzhou, hasn’t he ?(改为反义疑问句)He______ ____ _____ Zhengzhou___ ,____?七、翻译1 昨天 Chris 从楼梯上跌下来摔伤了胳膊。2 Lucy 经常让我帮她学习英语。3 我爸爸说他已经到达了北京。4 他希望我们能一块(together )去海边(at the seaside)度假。5.他对于他没有按时(on time)完成作业而感到抱歉(sorry) 。
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