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新概念英语1-Lesson7-8.doc

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新概念英语1-Lesson7-8.doc
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1Lesson 7 - Are you a teacher? Lesson 8 - What’s your job?一、教学重点1、语气:特殊疑问句 VS 一般疑问句。2、词汇:特殊疑问词。3、句型:-What’s your name? -My name’s Rita.-What nationality are you? -I’m Chinese.-What’s your job? -I’m a teacher.三、句型1、询问姓名:-What’s your name? (= What is your name?) -My name’s. (= My name is.)-What’s his/her name? -His/Her name is.2、询问国籍:(1)-Are you French? -Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.-Is he/she French? -Yes, he/she is. / No, he/she isn’t.※-Are you French, too? 这里的 too 是“也”的意思,一般用在肯定句的句尾,前面用逗号隔开(或无) 。-No, I am not. = No, I’m not. ≠ No, I amn’t.(2)-What nationality are you? -I’m Italian.=-What’s your nationality? -I’m Italian.=-Where are you from? -I’m from Italy.-What nationality is he/she? -He’s/She’s.=-What’s his/her nationality? -He’s/She’s.=-Where is he/she from? -He’s/She’s from.3、询问职业:(1)-Are you a teacher? -Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.-Is he/she a teacher? -Yes, he/she is. / No, he/she isn’t.(2)-What’s your job? = What do you do? -I’m a keyboard operator.-What’s his/her job? = What does he/she do? -He’s/She’s an engineer.2四、总结1、特殊疑问句 VS 一般疑问句:用法 句首词 回答方式 例句特殊疑问句 询问事实内容 特殊疑问词 根据事实内容回答What’s your name? What’s this?一般疑问句 猜测事实与否 be 动词/助动词/情态动词是或否+简短回答Is this your handbag?Do you like music?3、不定冠词 a/an 的用法:●不定冠词 a , an 的用法.1.表示泛指,或指某一类人或事(1)What’s this?It’s a pen. 2)This is a dictionary. (3)A boy is waiting for you.2.用在某些固定词组中.A bit.; A little; A lot of; have a look at; have a good\great time, in a word.3.a 用在以辅音音素开头的单词前.an 用在与原音音素开头的单词前.An egg;an apple;an old man;an English book;an empty bottle.一个空瓶; an hour,一个小时;an advertisement 一个广告;an email.address 一个邮件地址(注意:a university 一所大学. a useful book;an umbrella 一把雨伞; an uncle 一位叔叔)定冠词 the 的用法1.特指某人,某事。(这,那;这些,那些)(1)Open the window,please!(2)The boy in a yellow shirt is my elder brother.(3)The books on the desk are Lucy’s.2.指上文已提到的人或事.(1)There is a map(泛指) of China,the map(特指) is on the wall.(2)Yesterday my parents took me to a zoo(泛指).In the zoo (特指)we saw an elephant(泛指), the elephant (特指 )was from America.3.指世界上独一无二的事物.(the sun 太阳;the moon 月亮;the earth 地球)(1)The moon is shining brightly in the sky.(2)The sky is blue.4.用在由普通名词构成的专有名词前.(1).the Great Wall.长城 (2).the Summer Palace 颐和园(3).the People’s Farm.人民农场 (4).the Children’s Palace.少年宫5.用在序数词前和形容词最高级前.(1)He lives on the fifth floor.(2)December is the twelfth month of a year.(3)You’re the youngest in your class.(4)The most important thing for us is to keep healthy.6.用在姓氏复数前, 表示夫妇俩或全家人.(1)The Greens 格林夫妇俩 work in the same factory.3(2)The Blacks 布莱克一家人 went to New York for a vacation last month.7.用在方位名词前, 表示时间, 地点. 或用于习惯用语中.On the rignt\left 在右\左边;under the bed.在床下; on the table.在饭桌下;behind the door.在门后;In the end 最终;at the same time 在同时;in the east\west\south\north 在东\西\ 南\北方.*不用定冠词的情况.1.表示交通工具, 学科名称前.by( bike\bus\taxi\train\plane\boat\subway);by sea.坐船;by air 乘飞机;on foot.步行Have a Chinese 上语文课;Have a math lesson 上数学课2.节假日,星期,月份前.National Day 国庆节;Teachers’ Day;教师节;Women’s Day 妇女节;on Monday\Tuesday;in September;3.在 一日三餐, 体育类,等名词前.(1)I cooked some noodles for supper/dinner.(2)The old man likes playing chess\playing (soccer\baseball).注意:演奏某种乐器 ,要加定冠词 the. Play the (violin\guitar\erfu\pianol\trumpet4.在一些固定词组中, 不加定冠词 the at home.;at first 首先;at last 最终;at nignt\noon.;在晚上;at work 在工作on time.准时;Be ill in bed 卧病在床;be ill in hospital.生病住院;
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