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新概念英语第二册教学案详细讲解.doc

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新概念英语第二册教学案详细讲解.doc
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WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考§ Lesson— 1 A private conversation 私人谈话【New words and expressions】 生词和短语★private adj.私人的 如果妈妈想看你的信, 你可以说 : It's my private letter.如果陌生人想进你的房子, 你可以说 : It's my private house.private life 私生活由此引申出 privacy n.隐私 : private life 私生活It’s privacy.这是我的隐私 !(不愿让别人知道的)private school(私立学校 ), 与此相反, 公立学校是 public school.所以, private 的反义词是 public.eg.public 公众; public letter 公开信; public place 公共场所private 还有一个值得注意的意思 : 普通的. 如 : private citizen 普通公民:I’m a private citizen.private soldier 大兵; 我们熟悉的《拯救大兵瑞恩》就是《Private Ryan》★conversation n.谈话subject of conversation : 话题( 天气是英国人最喜爱的话题)几种谈话 : 1、talk 内容可正式可不正式, 也可以私人 : Let’s have a talk.2、conversation 一般用于正式文体中 , 内容上往往不正式 : They are having a conversation.WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考3、dialogue 对话, 可以指正式国家与国家会谈 : China and Korea are having a dialogue.4、chat 闲聊, 就是北京人说的 “侃” , 说的是无关紧要的事. 5、gossip 嚼舌头 , 说长道短have a + talk/chat/dialogue/conversation/gossip 名词变动词★theatre n.剧场, 戏剧cinema: 电影院★seat n.座位 这个词很重要, 考试常考. have a good seat,这里的 seat 指 place(指地点不错), 而不是 chair. take a seat/take your seat 坐下来, 就坐下面这个句子在口语、电影里很常见 : Is the seat taken?(这个位置有人吗?)请坐的 3 种说法 : Sit down,please.(命令性)take your seat,please.Be seated,please.(更礼貌)考点 : 作为动词的 seat 与 sit 的区别sit--vi; seat—vteg: He is sitting there.他住在那儿. You seat him.你给他找个位置. seat sb 让某人就坐 ,后面会加人WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考eg: seat yourselft.Seat him.〖语法精粹〗4.When all those present(到场者)_D_ he began his lecture.(重点题)A.sit B.set C.seated D.were seaedsit,sit down; seat,be seated;take a seat★play n.戏★loudly adv. 大声的★angry adj. 生气的cross=angry ; I was angry.He was cross.annoyed: 恼火的; 程 I was annoyed. 度 I was angry/cross.加 I was very angry.深 be blue in the face : I am blue in the face.(脸色都青了, 相当生气了)★angrily adv. 生气的 副词修饰动词★attention n. 注意Attention ,please. 请注意(口语)pay attention :注意pay attention to : 对什么注意You must pay attention to that gril.WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考pay a little attention :稍加注意pay much attention :多加注意pay more attention :更多注意pay no attention :不用注意★bear(bore,borne) v. 容忍bear,standI can't bear/stand youendure :忍受 ,容忍put up with :忍受I got divorced.I could not put up with himbear/stand/endure忍受的极限在加大put up with=bear=standbear n.熊 white bearbear hug :热情 (热烈)的拥抱give sb a bear hug★business n. 事, 生意business man :生意人do business: 做生意go to some place on business:因公出差I went to Tianjin on business.thing 可以指事情,也可以指东西WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考business:某人自己的私人的事情It's my business (指私人的事, 自己处理的事) it's none of your business★rudely adv. 无礼地, 粗鲁地rude adj.【课文讲解】Last weekgo to the theatresee a film=go to the cinemago to the +地点 表示去某地干嘛go to the doctor's 去看病go to the dairy 去牛奶店go to the + 人 + 's 表示去这个人开的店go to the butcher's 买肉go to school: 去上学go to church: 去做礼拜go to hospital(医院): 去看病go to the Great Wallgo home; 跟 home 相连一定表示没有事情可做,回家休息I am at home 在家休息enjoy, enjoy oneself:玩的开心enjoy+sth :喜欢 ,从当中得到一种享受WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考I like something very much./I love something.I enjoy the class.I enjoy the music.I enjoy the book.enjoy the dinner/film/progeam/gamewere sitting :当时正座在过去进行时态 :过去的某个时间正在发生的动作一个故事的背景往往用进行时态描述I+be+v(ing)The girl was reading a book in the garden.A boy came to her.got :变得,表示一种变化,got angryI am/was angry 是一个事实I got angry:强调变化过程It is hot.It got hot.got 取代 be 动词,got 是一个半联系动词,可以直接加形容词说话的时候喜欢用缩略.I'm not,he isn't,they aren't写的时候会说:I am not,he is not,they are notI didn't do sth,I did not do sthhear:听见hear+人:听见某人的话I could not hear you.Beg your pardon?WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考I couldn't hear you./I couldn't hear a word./I couldn't catch your word.I couldn't hear you clearly./I couldn't catch your words.Beg your pardon? /I couldn't catch your words.turn round:转头not pay any attention = pay no attention 表示注意,pay attention; 对什么加以注意,pay attention to sthnot any=noI could not bear it./you./the noise.I can't hear a word.hear a word : a word 等于一句话He didn't say a word.May I speak to Jim?/May I have a word with Jim?It's none of your business./None of your business/It's my business.I couldn't bear you.This is private conversation!private :私人的,不想与别人共享I can't hear a word.hear a word of sb (actors)Key stuctures : 关键句型Summary writing : 摘要写作answer this questions in not more than 55 words.【Key structures】 关键句型WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考Word order in simple statements: 简单陈述句的语序陈述句一定是有主语,有动词,有宾语,有句号看教材第 2 页6 1 2 3 4 5 6when? Who? Action Who? How? Where? When?Which? Which?What? What? Last week 1 ---主语一般有名词或代词构成2 ---谓语由动词充当3 ---宾语4 ---副词或介词短语,对方式或状态提问,往往做状语 I like her very much5 ---地点状语6 ---时间状语可以放在句首或句末 I like the girl very much in Beijing last year.简单陈述句一定不能少的是主语, 谓语. 主语——动词 ——宾语 ——状语状语: 放在最前面是副词,方式状语,表示状态/ 程度的状语,下面是地WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考点,然后是时间1.主语和动词不能少2.如果时间和地点连在一起,先放地点,再放时间如果问何时何地,是一个固定搭配 when and where【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题1 The writer turned round. He looked at the man and the woman angrily ______ .a.and they stopped talkingb.but they didn't stop talkingc.but they didn't notice himd.but they looked at him rudely(1).b.“They did not pay any attention“pay attention: 注意(在思想上), 如交通安全应注意. notice: 注意(=see 眼睛看)4 The young man and young woman were sitting behind him. He was sitting ______ them.a.before b.above c.ahead of d.in front of(4).sitting behindbehind: 在.后面in front of :在.前面 (相对静止的概念)WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考before : 在.前面 (+词、句子、一般和时间相连)above : 在.上面ahead of : 在.前面 (+时间、位置)(动态的行为)He arrived before six o'clock.before he came backahead of timeHe goes ahead of me.5 ______ did the writer feel? Angry.a.Where b.Why c.How d.When(5) .c.how ——对一个方式、状态提问特殊疑问词对后面的答案提问angry(adj)how(adv.)——对形容词、副词、介词短语提问where ——用介词,地点when ——用介词,时间why ——用 because 回答7 The young man and the young woman paid ______ attention to the writer.a.none b.any c.not any d.no(7) .d.any——用在否定句和疑问句中WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考some——用在肯定句中none——没有任何东西、没有任何人 None knows./None of us knows.not any=nonot——否定词,要放在非实义动词后面He didn't pay attentionno——形容词、修饰名词I don't have any friends./I have no friends.I have no time./I don't have any time.11 The writer could not bear it. He could not ______ it.a.carry b.suffer c.stand d.lift(11).suffer:遭受 ,忍受 (精神或肉体上)+痛苦bear: 忍受=standI suffer the headache.He often suffers defeat.§ Lesson— 2 Breakfast or lunch? 早餐还是午餐?【New words and expressions】 生词和短语★until prep.直到直到.才; 直到.为止后面加(时间状语) 从句,前面就是主句1) His father didn't die until he came back. (肯定)WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考直到他回来,他爸爸才死. 2) His father was alive until he came back. (否定)直到他回来为止,他爸爸都是活着的. 到他回来这一点之前,没死 : not die; 活的 : 不加 not.把 until 作为时间终止线从句的时间终点之前,这个动作做了还是没做?做了——肯定;没做——否定.For he ___A(C)___(wait) until it stopped raining. A. waited B.didn't waitA.leave B.left C.didn't leaveI stay in bed until twelve o'clock.I didn't get up until 12 o'clock.★outside adv. 外面作状语He is waiting for me outside.It is cold outsid.ring(rang.rung) v.(铃、电话等 )响 (刺耳的)[注] 这种响是刺耳的, 往往是提醒人做某事The telephone(door bell) is ringing.而风铃等响要用 jingle jingle(bell): (铃儿) 响叮当WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考给某人打电话 : ring sb.Tomorrow I'll ring you.打电话(名) : give sb. a ringRemember to ring me/remember to give me a ring戒指(名词) n★aunt n.姑,姨,婶,舅妈 (所有长一辈的女性都用这个称呼)与此相同, 男性则是 uncle: 叔叔 他们的孩子 : cousin : 堂兄妹(不分男女)cousin 的孩子 : nephew : 外甥, niece : 外甥女 [记 : “捏死” ]★repeat v.重复【课文讲解】On Sundays: 所有的星期天,每逢星期天never: 从来不 (可以直接用在动词前面)=not (变成否定句,前面一定要加助动词)I don't like her.=I never like her.因为是上个星期,所以时态不是一般现在时. look out of :朝窗外看 out of 是固定搭配从.里:from, out ofdark: 天很黑What a day? What + a + n.——感叹句It is a terrible day.== What a terrible day!what+a/an (+a.)+n.(+主语+ 谓语) What a terrible day!WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考省略 : 1.主、谓随时可省what a good girl (she is)!2.省形容词What a day! 有上下文和一定的语境, 才能省略形容词 . just then: 就在那时It was my aunt Lucy.如果不知道对方性别, 可以用 it 取代Who are you?/Who is it ?just 只会出现在 “现在完成时” by train by 直接加交通工具(不能有任何修饰词 , 复数)如果加修饰词, 就要换掉 by 用 in 或 onI go out by bus.若是两辆 : I go out in/on two buses.I'm coming to see you. 我将要来看你. 用 come 的现在进行时态 be coming 表示一般将来同样的用法还有 : go,come,leave,arrive,land,meet,die,start,return,join.前 4 个一定要记住天哪!英国人说 Dear me!或 My dear!美国人说 : My god!【Key structures】 关键句型本课的重点句型是现在进行和一般现在. Now,often and Always 表示现在和经常发生的动作WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考Now——现在进行时(说话的当时正在发生, 现阶段正在发生)Often , Always——一般现在时“现阶段“:I am working as a teacher.I do./he does.I get up.一般现在时, 是一种习惯, 真理, 是过去, 现在和未来都会发生的事情. 现在还在睡觉He is still sleeping.频率副词往往放在句子中间, 实义动词前, 非实义动词后如果既有实义动词又有非实义动词, 要放在两个之间. 疑问句中副词往往放在主语后面. 非实义动词 : 1.系动词(be)2.助动词帮助动词构成时态的(do,does,will,shall,have,had,has)3.情态动词 : (must,can,may) 除此之外都是实义动词. 1.are playing; “always“ play; is kicking“now“; is running2.are you doing; am leaving; (用进行时态表达将来时:go,come.leave,arrivejoin,return,die,land,meet)“别人用什么时态, 你就用什么时态” are you leavingcomego(I go to bed hungry.形容词做状语)WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考(rarely 很少) listen“doesn't work“ 停止工作, 已坏了, 不起作用了. feelI frequently go to bed hungry (背诵)He went to school hungry.饿着肚子上学. You must come here hungry.空腹来这里. 【Special Difficulties】 难点What+a/an+a.+n.+主语+谓语What 对名词感叹3.He is causing a lot of trouble名词:trouble主语:he动词:is causingWhat (a lot of) trouble( he is causing)!【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题5.He doesn't get up early on Sundays. He gets up ______ .a.late b.lately c.slowly d.hardly5.“not early“late(adj./adv.) lately(adv.)=recently(adv.)最近的, 近来的. how are you going lately? 最近一段时间身体还好吗?8 He ______ out of the window and saw that it was raining.a.looked b.saw c.remarked d.watchedWORD 格式整理版学习指导参考8.Alook(vi.):表示看的动作; 后面一定要加介词see(vt.) : 表示看的结果 ; 后面直接加宾语watch : 表示观看; 后面直接加宾语, 但宾语一定是能够活动的东西look at pictures (对)watch pictures(错)11 Breakfast is the first ______ of the day.a.food b.dinner c.lunch d.meal11.Dlunch :中餐 food :食物dinner:正餐 一天中最丰盛的那顿饭, 可能是中餐, 也可能是晚餐, 但决不会是早餐. meal : 一顿饭频率副词,放在实义动词前, 非实义动词后;如果即有实义动词又有非实义动词.要放在两个之间疑问句中副词往往放在主语的后面§ Lesson— 3 Please Send Me a Card 请给我寄张明信片【New words and expressions】 生词和短语★send v. 寄, 送寄信 : send a letter用法 : send sth to sb/send sb sth类似的用法还有 give,take,pass,read,sell.send/take children to schoolWORD 格式整理版学习指导参考区别 : take : 强调某人亲自送; take flowers to his wife 自己送send 则是通过第三人去送, 如美国的校车 send flowers to his wife 叫店里的人送postcard n. 明信片[注意]/t/ 和/k/前者失去爆破音send him a card简写为 card, 由此引申出 : namecard/visiting card : 名片Here is my namecard.(口语常用 , 同时伴随着递出的动作)ID card:身份证; ID : 身分 , 身份 (identification, identity)credit card:信用卡cash card 现金卡, 储蓄卡, 工资卡(不能透支的那种)★spoil(spoiled or spoilt) v. 使索然无味, 损坏( 重点词)几种破坏 : break: 打破 ; break the windows 打破玻璃damage: 破坏 , 程度不一定很重destroy : 破坏 , 彻底摧毁以上三个是指物理上的破坏, 而 spoil 主要指精神上spoil: 把东西的质量变得不好; 生活中不顺心的事 ;宠坏, 溺爱1、宠坏 His parents spoiled the boy. 2、毁了某人心情 . This spoiled my day.What you said spoiled me.WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考His arrival spoiled my hoilday.★museum n. 博物馆Palace Museum:故宫★public adj. 公共的这个词我们在第一课见过了, 基本用法和 private 一起记. 下面再说两点 : public house 简称 pub : 酒吧 ; public place 公共场所in public:公开的 ; in private:私下里的(介词短语在英语中往往充当状语)Let’s have a conversation in private.让我们私下谈谈?Why not have a conversation in public? 为什么不公开谈呢?(当面说呢?)★friendly adj. 友好的以-ly 结尾是形容词, 同样的还有 lovely adj.friendly 单独用, 形容词, 一般做定语来用作为状语表示这个人做什么事情很友好, 用短语 in a friendly waywaiter n. 服务员, 招待员waiter(男服务员), waitress(女服务员), 只出现在餐馆里领班 : chief waiter商店里的店员 : shop assistant其他公共场所的服务员:attendant★lend v. 借给 lend to / lend sth.to sb/ lend sb.sth.借进 : borrow: borrow from; 但 borrow 不能用 borrow sb sth.WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考★decision n. 决定v. decidemake a big/great dicision (重大/伟大, 更重大)★whole adj. 整个的all the. : all the day (the 可省略)the whole : the whole day.all of 后面如果加代词, 代词前面不需要修饰词一旦要加名词, 前面一定要加 theall of us;all of the students★single adj. 唯一的, 单一的反义词 : double 双倍的【课文讲解】The baby spoilded my night.Italian[]于 Italy[] : 注意读音不同and 先后往往是对等的概念, but 也是如此teach sb.sth.He teaches our English.(错)He teacher us English.(对)语言不可数, 所以要用 a little Italian 或 a few words of ItalianI can speak a little English/a few words of Englishthink about/of 考虑, 思考 , think of 还可指想到think over:仔细考虑WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考last summer 里的 last 表示 “上一个” last:表示 “上一个” 或 “最后一个” , 表示 “最后一个” 时要加冠词the具体到一天及一天的早中晚都要用 onI spend the whole day in my room.spend+时间+ 地点 : 在什么地点我花费/度过了多少时间I spend three hours in the sea.I spend my weekend at my mother's.I spend three hours in the classroom everyday.I spend a lot of time in traffic jam.(交通堵塞)Review 回顾 : spoilsend/lend/teach sb.sth.send/lend/teach sth. to sb【Special Difficulties】 难点双宾语 : 直接宾语(表示动作结果)和间接宾语( 动作目标)give sb.sth./give sth to sbsb: 间接宾语sth: 直接宾语间接宾语在后面时, 其前必须加 to(对……而言)或 for(为……而做)give a book to me. I buy a book for youtake flowers to my wife.WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考order soup for you.可以翻译为 “给” 、 “替” 、 “为” 的, 就用 for; 如果只能翻译为 “给” 的, 就用 to与 for 相连的 buy,order,make,findfind sth.for sb.do sb.a favor 帮某人一个忙Do me a favor please./Do a favor for me.帮我一个忙Exercise1.He paid some money to the shop-keeper.3.The writer brought the man a bottle of beer.在日常生活中, 碰到熟人 : Can I buy you a bottle of beer ? 意为我请你喝杯酒的概念. What do you think of?What do you think of the weather today? 你觉得天气怎么样?cold,chilly,freeze, I'll freeze.我要冻僵了What do you think of TV program last night?send somebody somethingsend something to somebodygive, take, pass, read, sell, buyfind something for somebodymake buy Do a favor for me.Can I order something for you?WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考【Multiple choice questions】多项选择题4 ______ him a few words of Italian? The waiter.a.Who taught b.Who did teach c.What did he teach d.Whom did he teach找特殊疑问词的时候一定要根据答案来决定who whom人做主语提问——who 对宾语提问——whom如果对主语提问, 则句子的的语序和陈述句语序一样如果对非主语来提问, 则句子要使用特殊疑问词+一般疑问句的语序A 正确 who 既可以对主语提问也可以对宾语提问, 而 whom 只能对宾语提问Who/Whom did the waiter teach a few words of Italian?5 He was a friendly waiter. He spoke to the writer ______ .a.friend b.as friends c.like friends d.in a friendly wayHe spoke to the writer like a friend.in.way :以 .方式D 正确friendly 单独用, 形容词, 一般做定语来用作为状语表示这个人做什么事情很友好, 用短语 in a friendly way7 He spent the whole day in his room. He was in his room ______ day.a.the hole b.the all c.all d.all ofwhole all the day; all of usWORD 格式整理版学习指导参考C 正确all of 后面如果加代词, 代词前面不需要修修饰词一旦要加名词, 前面一定要加 theall of the friends all of my friends all of the students10 On the last day he made a big decision. It was the ______ day of his holiday.a.final b.end c.latest d.bottomthe last day, final——形容词 end——名词/动词bottom——名词 形容词修饰 daylatest:最新的 latest news latest style 新款11 He made a big decision. He ______ .a.thought about it b.made up his mind .changed his mind d.made a wishthink about:考虑、思考、想make up one's mind:下定决心change one's mind:改变主意make a wish : 许个心愿, 愿望, 许愿 B 正确§Lesson— 4 An exciting trip 激动人心的旅行【New words and expressions】 生词和短语★exciting adj. 令人兴奋的excite:激动excited:WORD 格式整理版学习指导参考-ed: 自己感到 / -ing:令人感到exciting boy 令人兴奋的男孩interesting manThe man is interesting.The news exciting,I am excited这类动词的宾语一定是人The news excited me.让后面的人感到.interesting:令人感到有趣的interested: 感到有意思的The book interests me.那本事让我感到很有趣★receive v. 接受, 收到accept : 同意接收receive:客观的收到This morning I received a bunch of flowers from a boy,but I didn't accept it.take 也可以作收到 take the exam : 接收考试; take advice 接收建议receive/havereceive/have a letter from somebody.★firm n. 商行, 公司companyWORD 格式整理版学习指导参考★different adj. 不同的★centre n. 中心★abroad adv. 在国外副词, 直接和动词连用go abroad 去国外live abroad 国外定居study abroad 国外学习【课文讲解】received a letter from just 和完成时连用I'have arrived in Beijing. (has been)arrive 是瞬间动词不能和段时间连用He has been in Beijing for one year.has been + in 地点He has been in America for two years.连读work for work in 强调地点 work for 强调 workI am working for a school.I am working in the New Oriental school.a great
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