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英语应用文写作 书信电子邮件.ppt

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英语应用文写作 书信电子邮件.ppt
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应用文写作,---书信和电子邮件,[技法指导]书信、电子邮件的写作是高考中出现频率最高的一种题型。从内容上看,近几年高考书信写作主要包括致歉信、致谢信、笔友信、慰问信、投诉信、邀请信、介绍信、求职信、读者请求的解答信及其答复读者的信等。,,,,a letter of,,suggestion,,application,,introduction,sai,,invitation,a letter of application?suggestion?introduction?,石景山期末:请你代表你班同学给校长写一封信,反映一下你校食堂的几点问题,并针对所提问题提出2条合理建议。,,suggestion,海淀期末:你校正在招募志愿者,为中外学生交流活动做准备。请用英语写一封信,向学校外事办公室提出申请。,,application,a letter of application?suggestion?introduction?,西城期末:你的英国朋友Tom要来你校任教, 打算在学校附近租房子。发来邮件向你咨询合适的房源。 请你根据回复信件,向他介绍找到的房子。,,introduction,a letter of application?suggestion?introduction?,朝阳一模 你的美国朋友Chris目前在北京学习汉语,他对中国传统文化非常感兴趣。本周五下午你校将要举办一个文化讲座,请你根据以下提示给他写一封电子邮件,邀请他来参加。,,invitation,a letter of application?suggestion?introduction?,Dear Tom,(address)I am writing to tell you that I’ve found a house which may meet your needs. The house which is on the second floor covers an area of 70 square meters. It faces south so that you can enjoy enough sunshine.If you are interested in it, please call 15382. If you need any more help, just let me know.Looking forward to hearing from you. Yours, Li Hua(signature),,Structure of a letter,,主体 (body),目的 (purpose),交际性语句 (communicative sentence),结尾语(ending),,,,内容,条理,交际,,内容,,条理,,交际,,语言,,语言,,应用文评分标准,高考应用文评分原则,内容是否______条理是否______交际是否______语言是否______,完整,清楚,得体,准确,假定你是红星中学高三(1)班的李华, 假期里你参加了一次“伦敦游学”活动。请根据下列提示给你的同学王明写封信,向他介绍整个游学过程。,注意:1. 词数不少于50;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。,,Tell the advantages &disadvantages give them marks!,letter structure& evaluation standards!,Passage A: Dear Wang Min,During the vacation, I took part in an interesting activity. My school organized us to went to London. In July20th morning we arrived at airport and the home-stay family welcome us heartedly. The second day, we were visited Oxford University and listened to the professor introduced their school. The third day, we visited Big Ben, which is the most famous building in London. All of took photo to record the unforgettable moments. The last day, we held a party to say goodbye with England students.This activity is very meaningful.,,缺少交际性语句、未写结尾语,,二档,Passage B:I had an unforgettable experience in winter vacation and I will share this activity with you. I went to London to study this vacation. On July 20th, As soon as I arrived at the airport, my home-stay family welcome me warmly … The second day, we visited Oxford University which is a famous school in the world. The professor was enthusiastic and … I hoped that I could study there. The third day, we went to the Big Ben. …. The day before I left, students in London held a party with us to say goodbye. Everyone enjoyed the party. It was a meaningful experience for me. Do you think it was interesting?Looking forward to your letter.,,,交际性语句,结尾语,,一档,你是红星中学的李华, 假期里你参加了一次“伦敦游学”活动。请给你的同学王明写封信,向他介绍整个游学过程。,a letter---introducing an activity,I think it is a meaningful experience. Do you think it is interesting? What do you think of my experience? Do you have similar experience? I am eager to hear that!,communicative sentences,1. I sincerely hope you can adopt my suggestions. Thank you! 2. I would appreciate it if you can give me the chance. 3. I think it’s going to be great! Are you satisfied with it? 4. If you can kindly give me the opportunity, I will do my work well.,application? suggestion? introduction?,suggestion,application,introduction,application,cm,communicative sentences,On July 20th morning, we arrived at the airport.The home-stay family gave me a heated welcome. 3. A professor took us around the university. 4. I visited the Oxford University and listened to the introduce of the school.,On the morning of July20,warm welcome,showed us around,introduction,gave us a,,correct mistakes,,Sentence appreciation,* The following day, we visited the well-known Oxford University. A professor introduced this college to us. I was attracted and really benefited a lot from it!* On the third day, I paid a visit to Big Ben. I was amazed at it and couldn’t help taking photos!* On the last day, we held a farewell party with England students. All of us were unwilling to say goodbye.,细节补充,I’m writing to share an experience with you, which is about a study tour to London.This is my unforgettable experience. Do you think it is interesting?,点明目的,得体的交际,准确的语言,On the morning of July 20th I arrived at the airport. The home-stay family picked me up and gave me a warm welcome.The third day was the most exciting day because we went to Big Ben for sightseeing.,[技法指导] 书信、电子邮件的写作:不论哪种书信、电子邮件,一般都有固定的写作模式,只要记住其特定的写作模板,并能在具体的写作中加以融会贯通,一定能让你的作文水平快速提高,从而在考场上写出档次较高的文章。下面介绍一下几种常考书信的模板,供大家写作时借鉴。,,,1.投诉信 Dear ________, My name is/I am ________. I am writing to you for ________. Firstly, ________. Secondly, ________. Thirdly, ________. Therefore, I require that you send me a new one of the same model within a month.To be honest/Honestly speaking, ________. Therefore, I do require (hope) ________.Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely yours, Li Ming,2.建议信 Dear ________, I am ________. Your collection of suggestion on ________ is ________. As is known, ________. My suggestions are ________:First, ________. (People can ________.)Second, (to make economic profits, ) _______.Third, ________. (As many of them _______.),I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details (Or:Your kind consideration of my suggestions will be highly appreciated).Good luck with your ________(祝愿). Yours sincerely, Li Ming,3.求职信 Dear Sir or Madam, I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in ________(报纸名称) of ________(广告发布时间).I am ________ from ________.As a/an ________, I have been ________.Besides, I won ________ in ________. If you consider me appropriate for the job, please call me at _____.,4.邀请信 Dear ________, How is everything with you? I am writing to tell you that there will be a ________(内容) at/in ________(地点) on ________(时间).We would be honored to have you there with us.The occasion will start at ________(具体时间). This will be followed by a ________(进一步的安排).At around ______(时间),________(另一个安排).,Ring me up and tell me whether you will come or not, will you? I really hope you can make it. My phone number is ________.Looking forward to ________. Yours sincerely, Li Ming,5.感谢信 Dear ________, I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for ________(感谢的原因).If it had not been for your assistance in ________(对方给你的具体帮助),I fear that I would have been ________(没有对方帮助的后果).Everyone agrees that it was you who ________(给出细节).Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude.Yours sincerely, Li Ming,6.道歉信 Dear ________, I am truly sorry that ________(道歉的原因).The reason is that ________(介绍原因). Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation.Yours sincerely, Li Ming,邀请信: 1.开头:说明计划并邀请某人参加我们打算本周六去爬香山并邀请你参加。 We are going to climb Xiangshan this Saturday, and we sincerely invite you to join us.我们将在学校礼堂举行成人仪式并邀请你参加。We will hold the coming-of-age ceremony in our lecture hall at 3:30 pm on March 30th and we sincerely invite you to come.欢迎你来参加 You are (more than)welcome to come to join us. 2.说明活动时间我们早8点在门口集合,下午5点回来。 We will gather at the gate at 8 am and will come back at 5 pm.活动8点开始下午3点结束,将持续7个小时。,Our activity begins at 8 am and ends at 3 pm and it will last 7 hours. 3.结尾: 如果你能参加,我们会很高兴 . We’ll be more than happy if you can come. 我保证你会玩得高兴。 I’m sure you will have a lot of fun./ You are sure to have a lot of fun. 如果你能来我们将不胜感激。 I’d appreciate it if you can come and give us a speech. 建议信: 1.开头:得知……,现在我来给你提些实际建议Learning …, I’m very happy. Now I’d like to give / offer you some practical advice. 2.正文:你可以在校园张贴海报 You can/may/had better put up a poster in the school.,课间听听音乐不错。 It’s a good idea to listen to some music between classes. Listening to some music between classes is a good idea 是时候调整你的学习方法了 It’s time to adjust your learning methods. 定期锻炼很有用 Taking exercise regularly is very useful//helpful. Why not take exercise regularly ? I suggest taking exercise regularly. What about taking exercise regularly ? 3. 结尾:希望我的建议对你有帮助。 I hope my advice will help you. I hope my advice will be of some help//will be helpful to you.如果你需要更多信息,别犹豫告诉我,If you need more//further information, don’t hesitate to tell me//contact me.我会尽最大努力帮助你 I will try best to help you// give you a hand. I’m more than willing to help you. 申请信: 1.表达意愿:我写信是申请英文网络编辑。 I’m writing to apply to be a web editor. 我写信是申请成为寄宿家庭 I’m writing to apply to be a host family. 我想申请做导游志愿者 I want to apply to be a volunteer guide. 我的理由如下。 My reasons are as follows. 2.经历:我有做校刊记者的工作经历 I once worked as a reporter for the school newspaper for a year.,我曾获得…一等奖 Once I won the first prize in the … competition. 我曾担任班长,深受好评 As monitor of my class, I am thought highly of by my teachers and classmates. // …I often get thumbs up from my teachers and classmates. 此外,我性格外向,思想开明,这使我容易与别人合作。Besides, I am outgoing and open-minded , which makes it easy for me to cooperate with others. 3. 结尾:我认为我完全适合这项工作。 I think I am fully qualified for the job. 我真诚希望得到这次机会 I sincerely hope I can get the opportunity. 如果你能接受我,我将万分感激。 I will be very grateful if I could be accepted.,我会成为一个合格的志愿者 I’ll be a qualified volunteer.如果我有幸被接受,我会尽最大努力,我不会让你失望的. If I’m lucky enough to be given//offered the chance, I’ll do my best and won’t let you down.,假定你是红星中学高三(1)班的李华, 下周你将接待美国的交换生Mike。你为他提前安排了一系列的活动,请根据下列提示给他写封信,向他介绍整个活动计划。,提示词:纪念品:souvenir 注意:1. 词数不少于50;2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。,
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