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英语表语从句讲解.ppt

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英语表语从句讲解.ppt
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什么叫名词性从句?,在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses) 名词从句的功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语等 因此根据它在句中不同的语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句,名词性从句noun clause,,主语从句 subject clause,宾语从句 object clause,表语从句 predicative clause,同位语从句 appositive clause,His story is interesting.What he said is interesting.I heard his story.I heard what he said.I listen to his story.I listen to what he said.This is his story.This is what he said.The idea of going there is good. The idea that we should go there is good.,名词性从句中的连接词 连词: that / whether / as if (though); 连接代词: what / who/ which / whose / whatever / whoever / whomever / whichever, 连接副词: where / when / why / how / wherever / whenever,引导词,句型转换 1.They are good doctors. He told us. → 2. He hadn’t said anything at the meeting. The fact surprised us.→,He told us that they were good doctors.,The fact that he hadn’t said anything at the meeting surprised us.,总结:当从句原来是陈述句时,变成名词性从句用that引导。,3.Does your sister get up early? Do you know? →4.Do animals have the same senses as humans? I often wonder. →,Do you know if/ whether your sister gets up early?,I often wonder if/ whether animals have the same senses as humans.,总结:当从句原来是一般疑问句时,变成名词性从句用if或whether引导。,5.When did he buy this new bike? Could you tell me? →6.My question is this: where will the lecture be given? →,Could you tell me when he bought this new bike?,My question is where the lecture will be given.,总结:当从句原来是特殊疑问句时,变成名词性从句还用原来的特殊疑问词来引导。,总结:名词性从句必须用陈述句语序。所有名词性从句要有且仅有一个引导词,除宾语从句的that外其他均不能省略。其结构为引导词+陈述语序,,Predicative Clauses 表语从句,表语从句的定义:表语从句在复合句中作主句的表语。表语从句和主语指同一内容,它对主语进行解释、说明,使主语的内容具体化。 结构是“主语+系动词+表语从句”。 可以接表语从句的系动词有 be, look, remain, seem等。,,连接词:that / whether /as if /as though 连接代词:who / whom / whose / which / what 连接副词:when / where / why / how / because,1.The question is whether we can rely on him.2.That’s because we were in need of money at that time .3.He looked as if he was going to cry . 4.That’s why I was late .,引导词的用法(一),that在表语从句中 ,又 。 The fact is that he hasn’
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