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英语音标教学课件(元音辅音).ppt

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英语音标教学课件(元音辅音).ppt
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,26,元音,辅音,5,a e i o u,21,y,48,20,28,IPA-International Phonetic Alphabet,国际音标,{,元音,分类:英语中共有48个音标,元音20个,辅音28个。,,单元音,双元音,前元音,中元音,后元音,{,/i:/, /ɪ/, /e/, /æ/,/ɜ:/, /ǝ/, /ʌ/,/u:/, /ʊ/, /ɔ:/, /ɒ/, /ɑ:/,/eɪ/, /aɪ/, /ɔɪ/, /ǝʊ/, /aʊ/, /ɪǝ/, /eǝ/, /ʊǝ/,,辅音,爆破音,磨檫音,,鼻音,半元音,舌边音,,/ p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/,/f/, /v/, /∫/, /3 /, /θ /,/δ /, /s/, /z/, /h/, /r/ , /tʃ/, /d3/, /tr/, /dr/ ,/ts/, /dz/,/m/, /n/, /ŋ/,/l/,/w/, /j/,,Vowels(元音),{,元音,双元音,前元音,中元音,后元音,{,/i:/, /ɪ/, /e/, /æ/,/ɜ:/, /ǝ/, /ʌ/,/u:/, /ʊ/, /ɔ:/, /ɒ/, /ɑ:/,/eɪ/, /aɪ/, /ɔɪ/, /ǝʊ/, /aʊ/, /ɪǝ/, /eǝ/, /ʊǝ/,单元音,/i:/,例词:he sea tree field 短语:green leaves deep sea clean street eat the meat 例句:A: Would you like coffee or tea?B: Tea, please.A: OK. I have tea, too.,/ɪ/- /i/,例词:pin ship hill chicks 短语:a big ship fifty pictures Miss Smith interesting films 例句:A: Is Lily in?B: Lily is ill in bed.C: Oh, I’m sorry.,/e/-/ε/,例词:pen head leg well 短语:ten pence very well expensive cigarettes went to America 例句:A: How did you spend your holiday?B: I went to Beijing.A: Was it expensive?B: Yes ,very.,/æ/,例词:apple lantern hand parachute 短语:black cat mad man traveling bag matter-of –fact 例句:A: Ann is traveling to Japan.B: How happy she is !A: She is very happy.,/ɜ:/- /ǝ:/,例词:girl bird work turn 短语:early bird Thursday work thirsty person perfect search 例句:A: He always arrives work early.B: But he wasn’t early this morning.A: You weren’t early either.,/ǝ/,例词:teacher picture breakfast welcome 短语:a glass of water a quarter to seven brothers and sisters a book about China 例句:A: look at the clock!B: what’s the time?A: it’s a quarter to seven,/ʌ/,例词:cup run jump flood 短语:hurry up! trust us! rubbish number mustn’t worry 例句:A: It’s sunny today.B: Yes, isn’t it.A: My uncle will go to London nextMonday.B: How lucky he is!,/u:/,例词:zoo who food blue 短语:a tooth for a tooth Sue and Lucy fruit juice two shoes 例句:A: Look at my new shoes?B: Oh, they are beautiful.A: Your boots are beautiful, too.,/ʊ/,例词:foot wood book push 短语:good cook good book couldn’t look pudding without sugar 例句:A: Where did you put the book?B: Which book?A: The book you bought yesterday.,/ɔ:/,例词:fork ball morning airport 短语:four balls score board morning glory sports reporter 例句:A: I see two children on the blackboard.B: He is short.A: She is shorter.,/ɒ/- /ɔ/,例词:cock shop job hospital 短语:hot coffee long job on the box drop the pot 例句:A: I have a bad cough.B: You must see a doctor.A: Yes, I must go to the hospital.,/ɑ:/,例词:car garden star guitar 短语:fast car half park heart transplant stars and bars 例句:A: You look very smart today.B: Thank you.C: What a marvelous dancer you are.Let me take a photograph of you.,/eɪ/-/ei/,例词: face rain cake wait 短语: eight cakes waste paper railway station wait for the mail 例句: A: It’s my birthday today. B: Happy birthday A: Thank you. Come to my birthday party.And don’t be late.,/aɪ/-/ai/,例词:sky kite write bicycle 短语:white lie high tide eye for eye silent night 例句: A: It’s a fine day today. The sun is shiningbrightly. B: Yes, I feel hot. I like an ice-cream now. A: Yes, I do, too.,/ɔɪ/-/ɔi/,例词:boy boil noise coin 短语:a spoilt boy a noisy toy an annoying voice Joyce's boyfriend 例句:A: Look at my toy gun.B: Oh, what a good toy!A: Shall we join our friends in the garden?B: Yes, let’s go.,/ǝʊ/-/ǝv/,例词: coast throw boat toe 短语: Joe’s coat go to the window load and unload throw a snowball 例句: A: Look! He has a boat. B: Is he going to row? A: I think so.,/aʊ/-/av/,例词:cow house mouth trousers 短语:shout out brown mouse down town round flower 例句:A: Is she milking the cow?B: Yes, she is.A: Is the cow in he house?B: No. She is on the dairy farm.,/ɪǝ/-/iǝ/,例词:ear idea zero beard 短语: the atmosphere here queer 古怪的skier Weary mountaineer experienced engineer 例句:A: Let’s have some beer here.B: What a good idea!A: What shall we do after having beer?B: We shall go to the theatre.,/eǝ/-/εǝ/,例词:hair bare pear chair 短语: millionaire’s theirs mayor’s parents square chairs careful librarian 例句: A: Where is my pen? B: It’s over there on the chair. A: Thank you. It’s really there.,/ʊǝ/-/vǝ/,例词:tour poor sure gourd 短语:poor tourists tour from China carm jury European jewel 例句: A: I received a letter from my uncle. He’ssick with influenza. B: I’m sorry. Is he still in Europe. A: Yes. He’s still working in London. B: He must speak fluent English.,,辅音,爆破音,磨檫音,鼻音,半元音,舌边音,/ p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/,/f/, /v/, /∫/, /3 /, /θ /,/δ /, /s/, /z/, /h/, /r/ , /tʃ/, /d3/, /tr/, /dr/ ,/ts/, /dz/,/m/, /n/, /ŋ/,/l/,/w/, /j/,,Consonants(辅音),/p/,例词:pig people pull put 短语:pick up a pepper pot a piece of pork a pen and a pencil 例句:A: Do you collect stamps?B: Yes, I do.A: Will you show me your stamp album?B: Yes, they are upstairs. Let me go andfetch them.,/b/,例词:bus bed breakfast banana 短语:Big Ben a big bottle beautiful baby blue butterflies 例句:A: Is this your handbag?B: No, it isn’t my handbag is not brown.A: What color is your handbag?B: It’s black.,/t/,例词:table tall take telephone 短语:ten teachers travel by train want a rabbit two trees 例句: A: I’m hungry. I want something to eat. B: What about some tomatoes? Let’s go to the restaurant! A: Yes, let’s go.,/d/,例词:door doctor head would 短语:dear daughter red doorplayed cards listened to the radio 例句: A: What did you do last night? B: I studied last night. A: Did you study all night? B: No, I didn’t. I listened to the radio forsome time.,/k/,例词:car duck clock park 短语:the back of the car ask question a quarter to six a cool cleaner 例句: A: I like cheap cakes. B: You do? Do you often have cheap cakes? A: Yes, I do. B: If you want to keep fit, don’t eat too manycheap cakes.,/g/,例词:bag dog goat green 短语:good girl go to the grandpa’s as good as gold get a girl 例句: A: Can you play the guitar? B: Yes, I played my guitar in the garden andsong again and again with my friends lastnight. A: You must have had a good time last night.,/f/,例词:friend fat fish family 短语:five flowers fast food father’s face feel fine 例句:A: Look at Freda! She is fifty.B: Her hat is funny.A: Look at her fur coat. It’s famous.,/v/,例词:drive village very vest 短语:lovely view village vet 兽医 leaving arriving leaves of the vine藤、葡 例句:A: Who’s driving the van?B: I think victor is.获胜者A: Who is victor?B: He is my new neighbor, he has livedhere for only a few months.,/θ/,例词:thank month thin thirty 短语:three thinkers Martha's birthday healthy author thirty mathematicians 例句:A: My father is a mathematician.B: No wonder you are good at mathematics.A: To tell you the truth, my father neverteaches me math.,/ð/,例词:father there that this 短语:smooth leather get together better than others another brother 例句:A: Lily is taller than Mary.B: But Mary is slimmer than Lily.A: Look at them. They’re doing physicalexercise together.,/s/,例词:sun small horse bicycle 短语:sleep soundly expensive cigarettes some books sit in the sun 例句:A: These are cups.B: Those are saucers.茶碟A: They’re nice cups and saucers.,/z/,例词:zoo prize bees nose 短语:jazz music close the windows these days zero animal 例句:A: Let’s go to the zoo.B: Good. I like looking at the zebras.C: I like the monkeys there. Let’s go.,/ʃ/,例词:fish sugar shoe shop 短语:fashion shops friendship association社团 British shoes washing machine 例句:A: This shop sells washing-machines.B: Do they sell air-conditioners, too.A: Sure.,/ʒ/,例词:garage pleasure measure collision 短语:an unusual collision measure a garage a great decision my pleasure 例句:A: Lily likes clothes for casual随便的 wear.B: Clothes for casual wear are comfortable,A: I like to wear them in my leisure time.,/h/,例词:hat hard hen high短语:heart and hand high heels head-to-head happy honeymoon蜜月期例句:A: There was a car accident here last Sunday.B: Oh, it’s horrible!A: Were you here when the accident happened?B: No, I only heard about it.,/ʧ/,例词:cheek chicken church watch 短语:Chinese chess which butcher chicken and chips change much 例句:A: Where are the two children?B: They’re having lunch.A: Here are some cherries 樱桃for them.B: Thank you very much.,/ʤ/,例词:jeep jar orange bridge 短语:a large jeep injured passengersadjust the engine orange juice 例句:A: I have an orange.B: Oh, your orange is large. Look! I’vegot a large sandwich.A: Yes, it is a very large one.,/r/,例词:rose lorry rubber rocket 短语:American waitress a married secretary grown up children French restaurant 例句:A: Rose works as a secretary at the railwaystation.B: She does? She is a very pretty girl.A: Yes, very.,/m/,例词:moon home medicine mountain 短语:man-made make a mistake come tomorrow middle name 例句: A: Mum has come back home. B: Marvelous. A: Mom says we’ll go and see a movie tonight. B: Yes, we certainly will.,/n/,例词:neck tin night noise 短语:neat brandy白兰地酒 a negative answer telephone number harden the neck 例词: A: What a nice postcard of the Grand Canyon! B: They are wonderful.峡谷 A: Who sent it to you? B: A friend of mine.,/ŋ/,例词:ink ring sing monkey 短语:ring-ding开朗的 rising diphthong双元音 strong string playing ping-pang 例句: A: Do you like drinking tea? B: Yes, I do. A: We are advised to drink more tea than coffee. B: Tea is good for health.,例词:black light jelly全身发软 lemon 短语:early for lunch leg of lamb a glass of lemonade柠檬汽水 yellow jelly 例句:A: Mum, is lunch ready? I’m hungry.B: OK, lunch is ready.A: What’s for lunch, Mum?B: We’ll have lamb and potato salad.,/l/,/j/,例词:yellow yacht快游艇 yolk蛋黄 year 短语:yolk yellow new year’s day new York university a tough onion坚硬、老 例句: A: My brother was a music student. B: What does he do now? A: He is now in Europe working as abusiness man.,/w/,例词:week whale win window 短语:weight watcher weave织 a web weeping willow wet wind 例句:A: Don’t look out of the window.B: Oh, I’m sorry, I’m thinking of my dog.Today is a wet day.A: Do you think your dog will be lost in thewoods on a wet day?,/ts/,students coats cats boats,/dz/,heads reads beds hands,/tr/,tree truck train trace追踪,/dr/,dress drink drain流干喝光排水管 dream,Thank You,,,
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