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英语音标教学课件(元音辅音).ppt

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英语音标教学课件(元音辅音).ppt
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,26,元音,辅音,5,a e i o u,21,y,48,20,28,IPA-International Phonetic Alphabet,国际音标,{,元音,分类:英语中共有48个音标,元音20个,辅音28个。,,单元音,双元音,前元音,中元音,后元音,{,/i:/, /ɪ/, /e/, /æ/,/ɜ:/, /ǝ/, /ʌ/,/u:/, /ʊ/, /ɔ:/, /ɒ/, /ɑ:/,/eɪ/, /aɪ/, /ɔɪ/, /ǝʊ/, /aʊ/, /ɪǝ/, /eǝ/, /ʊǝ/,,辅音,爆破音,磨檫音,,鼻音,半元音,舌边音,,/ p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/,/f/, /v/, /∫/, /3 /, /θ /,/δ /, /s/, /z/, /h/, /r/ , /tʃ/, /d3/, /tr/, /dr/ ,/ts/, /dz/,/m/, /n/, /ŋ/,/l/,/w/, /j/,,Vowels(元音),{,元音,双元音,前元音,中元音,后元音,{,/i:/, /ɪ/, /e/, /æ/,/ɜ:/, /ǝ/, /ʌ/,/u:/, /ʊ/, /ɔ:/, /ɒ/, /ɑ:/,/eɪ/, /aɪ/, /ɔɪ/, /ǝʊ/, /aʊ/, /ɪǝ/, /eǝ/, /ʊǝ/,单元音,/i:/,例词:he sea tree field 短语:green leaves deep sea clean street eat the meat 例句:A: Would you like coffee or tea?B: Tea, please.A: OK. I have tea, too.,/ɪ/- /i/,例词:pin ship hill chicks 短语:a big ship fifty pictures Miss Smith interesting films 例句:A: Is Lily in?B: Lily is ill in bed.C: Oh, I’m sorry.,/e/-/ε/,例词:pen head leg well 短语:ten pence very well expensive cigarettes went to America 例句:A: How did you spend your holiday?B: I went to Beijing.A: Was it expensive?B: Yes ,very.,/æ/,例词:apple lantern hand parachute 短语:black cat mad man traveling bag matter-of –fact 例句:A: Ann is traveling to Japan.B: How happy she is !A: She is very happy.,/ɜ:/- /ǝ:/,例词:girl bird work turn 短语:early bird Thursday work thirsty person perfect search 例句:A: He always arrives work early.B: But he wasn’t early this morning.A: You weren’t early either.,/ǝ/,例词:teacher picture breakfast welcome 短语:a glass of water a quarter to seven brothers and sisters a book about China 例句:A: look at the clock!B: what’s the time?A: it’s a quarter to seven,/ʌ/,例词:cup run jump flood 短语:hurry up! trust us! rubbish number mustn’t worry 例句:A: It’s sunny today.B: Yes, isn’t it.A: My uncle will go to London nextMonday.B: How lucky he is!,/u:/,例词:zoo who food blue 短语:a tooth for a tooth Sue and Lucy fruit juice two shoes 例句:A: Look at my new
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