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一般现在时-一般过去式-一般将来时基础讲解.ppt

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一般现在时-一般过去式-一般将来时基础讲解.ppt
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表示经常或者反复发生的动作 一般现在时 :Present Simple often(经常) sometimes(有时) always(总是) usually(通常) every day(每天) every week(每周) every month(每月) every term(每学期) every year(每年) once a week (一周一次) twice a year(一年两次) 信息词: Let’s remember: Do you remember the words in your life? 你记得你生活中的一些常用词汇吗? 起床 吃早饭 上课 吃午饭 休息 做运动 吃晚餐 做家庭作业 看电视 上床睡觉 get up have breakfast start lesson have lunch have a break do sports have dinner do homework watch TV go to bed 看小说 听音乐 看电影 去音乐会 去看足球赛 玩游戏 弹钢琴 上网 说英语 去公园 read novels listen to the music go to the cinema go to the concert go to watch the football match play games play the piano go online speak English go to the park 定义: 一般现在时: 1、表达经常性或习惯性的动作。 2、表示现在的状态。 例如: 1、我们每天都上学。 2、下课后我们打扫教室。 3、有时我们在操场上踢足球 。 4、我们在学校吃晚饭。 5、他喜欢英语。 6、他是一个学生。 We go to school every day. We clean the classroom after class. We sometimes play football on the playground. We have dinner at school. He likes English. He is a student. 一般现在时 (The Simple Present Tense) 1.表示现在的状态 : e.g. He’s twelve. She’s at work. 2.表经常或习惯性的动作 : e.g. I get up at 6:30 every day. He reads English every morning. 3.表主语具备的性格和能力等 : e.g. She likes noodles. They speak French. 4.普遍真理和自然规律 : e.g. Two plus four is six. The moon goes around the earth. 对下列句子画线部分提问: 1. I get up at six o’clock. 2. They usually go to the park on Sunday. 3. The elephants like eating fruits. 4. He sends two emails every week. 5.I often make travel plans on the Internet. 6.He has lunch at school. When do you get up? What do they usually do on Sunday? What do the elephants like eating? How many emails does he send every week? How often does he send two emails? What do you often do on the Internet? Who has lunch at school? Where does he have lunch? Do you know? 第一人称和第二人称的一般现在时,其谓语动词没有形式的变化, 其否定形式一般是在谓语动词前 don’t,一般疑问句在句前加 do 但当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词形式有变化,一般在动词 末尾加 s,否定句在行为动词前加 doesn’t, 一般疑问句在句前加 does 动词三单的变化: 1、一般动词后加 s,如: reads,plays,works,makes 2、以 s,x,ch,sh, 结尾,后加 es. 如: watches, 3、以辅音字母加 o结尾 ,一般加 es ,如: does,goes 4、辅音字母 +y结尾的单词 ,去 y,
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