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新发展大学英语听力教程 1答案参考.doc

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新发展大学英语听力教程 1答案参考.doc
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1Unit One New Campus, New LifeⅠ. Pre-listening ActivitiesChoice 1略Choice 2There are pros and cons of living on campus.Pros Cons1. Accessibility to the school 1. Little privacy2. Increased social life 2. Limited space3. Possible low GPA (grade point average)■ ScriptThere are pros and cons of living on campus.Pros1. Accessibility to the school. If you live on campus, you can easily walk to the classes, libraries, computer labs, cafeterias, etc. You don’t have to waste time and money on driving to school, finding a parking space, and so forth. 2. Increased social life. Living on campus will allow you to meet more people and establish more friendships than living off campus. You will also usually be aware of any campus activities and how to be involved in them. Cons1. Little privacy. When living in a dorm, it can be very hard to find privacy. You have to share bedrooms, bathrooms, etc. You may never have quiet time in your dorm because there will always be something going on. 2. Limited space. At most colleges, the dorm rooms are tiny. You have to limit what you bring to school, or your space will be too crowded. 3. Possible low GPA (grade point average). Because dorm life is very social, your grades may be affected in a negative way. If you constantly choose hanging out with your dorm buddies over studying at the library, then your GPA will suffer. Ⅱ. Listening TasksTask 1 Understanding Short Conversations1. C 2. D 3. B 4. A 5. A 6. C 7. D 8. C 9. A 10. B ■ Script1. W: What can I do for you, sir? M: Well, I’d like to get this book renewed. You know, it’s so hopeful that I can’t finish my research paper without it. Q: Where are the man and the woman? 2. W: How many students tried out for the basketball team this year? M: About 40, but only half of them have real talent for the sport. 2Q: How many students are good at basketball? 3. M: I wonder if I could borrow your bicycle. W: You certainly could if I had one. Q: What does the woman mean? 4. W: What do you think of his experiment? M: He has done well considering he has no experience. Q: Why does the man think he has done well? 5. M: Mary, why isn’t Joan teaching here this term? W: She can’t. She is retired. Q: What reason was given for Joan’s not teaching? 6. W: Mr. Hampton’s explanation was too complicated to understand. M: He didn’t speak slowly enough for us to take notes, either. Q: What does the man complain about? 7. W: I like science more than maths, but history is my favorite subject. M: But I think computer programming is the best. Q: Which subject does the woman like most? 8. W: Will you go to attend Prof. Green’s lectures next term? He’s a very learned scholar. M: Well, I’d rather not. It’s said that his lectures are always boring and dull. Q: What’s the man’s response to the woman’s remark?9. W: Has your group decided on a research project yet? M: No one’s come up with anything yet. Q: What does the man say about the project? 10. W: Do you know if Nick has got enough money for his study? M: Yes. If Nick hadn’t worked in the steel plant last summer, he wouldn’t have earned enough money for his living expenses during his senior year. Q: What does the man mean about Nick? Task 2 Understanding a Long Conversation1. D 2. A 3. C 4. B 5. A ■ ScriptW: Would you like to join the Volunteers’ League?M: Am I crazy? I just quitted the Students’ Counsel. I don’t want to be as busy as before. I’ve given up a big chance of getting scholarships for that.W: No, joining the Volunteers’ League won’t take you much time. It only has activities on the weekends.M: Really? That’s good. I was just wondering about how to spend my free time on weekends.W: Come on, you won’t regret about joining the Volunteers’ League. It’s different from other student’s clubs or unions.M: What’s the difference?W: The Volunteers’ League often offers free services for grand occasions, such as Olympic Games, World Expo. Isn’t that special?M: Not really. I’d rather join the Entrepreneurs’ Club, so my experience will be helpful when I 3look for jobs in the future.W: That’s also a good choice. But the Entrepreneurs’ Club just hold some boring activities, you know, speeches, competitions…M: But you can learn a lot of things from the activities and it’s related to our major.W: You can also learn a lot in the Volunteers’ League. You will have the chance to learn how to communicate, how to arrange an activity and how to cooperate with your group members.M: What activities does the Volunteers’ League have?W: We will be voluntary guides, interpreters and …M: Does that mean I have lots of chances to practice my English?W: You can say that again.M: OK, you win. Just tell me how to get enrolled for that club.Questions 1 to 5 are based on the conversation you have just heard.1. Why does the man refuse to join the Volunteers’ League in the beginning?2. When does the Volunteers’ League have activities according to the woman?3. Why does the woman say the Volunteers’ League is different from other clubs and unions? 4. Why does the man prefer joining the Entrepreneurs’ Club? 5. Why does the man decide to join the Volunteers’ League in the end? Task 3 Understanding PassagesPassage One Listening for general comprehension1. Freshmen 2. 15Listening for specific comprehension1. B 2. D 3. B 4. C 5. A■ ScriptListening for general comprehensionFreshmen 15 is a plague that haunts the mind of all newly high school graduates. You hear of this horror tale before even stepping foot on a college campus. So what exactly is the freshmen 15? Legend says that during your freshmen year of college, you end up gaining around fifteen pounds. Is this simply a story told to scare young freshmen, or a reality? The bad news is that a noticeable weight gain does occur among college students. However, the good news is it’s not as drastic as fifteen pounds. Food served in the dining halls is laden with fats while exercise in college has become a true burden. It is difficult to schedule a workout session among the already busy schedule filled with classes, clubs, homework, and organizations. Here at USC, the professors like to pack their students with work upon work, so students can truly “eat the fruits of the knowledge tree.” For an average student, it is considered a celebration if you could simply finish all your homework on time and sleep before 2 a.m. With that said, who cares about exercise?Listening for specific comprehension1. According to the passage, what does “15” refer to?2. How is the food like in the college’s dining halls?43. Which of the following is NOT included in the students’ busy schedule according to the passage?4. How much work does the professors give to the students in USC?5. How does a student feel if he finishes homework and sleeps before 2 a.m.?Passage Two Listening for general comprehension1. taking notes 2. Four suggestions are given in the passageListening for specific comprehension1. A 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. C■ ScriptListening for general comprehensionIt’s necessary for a student to take notes when he attends a lecture. The notes can be readily used in the future when the student forgets or reviews something. When a student takes notes in a lecture he has to do four things. Firstly, he has to understand what’s said, as the speaker says it. He can’t stop the lecture in order to look up a new word or check an unfamiliar sentence pattern. The second thing the student has to do is to decide what’s important in the lecture. Many lecturers pause, and speak more slowly and loudly, when they’re making an important point. The third task that faces the student is that he has to write down the important points. The student should abbreviate, write down the important words, usually nouns, sometimes verbs or adjectives, and should write one point on each line. He ought, if possible, to choose a moment to write when the lecturer isn’t giving vital information. Finally, the student’s notes must show the connections between the various points he’s noted. If he makes intelligent use of spacing and underlining, together with the use of conventional signs and the numbering of points, he’ll be able to understand the framework of the lecture more easily. Listening for specific comprehension1. Why is it necessary for a student to take notes?2. What can a student do during a lecture if there is something he can’t understand?3. What do many lectures do when they are making an important point?4. When is the right moment to write down the important points?5. What may not be helpful for a student to understand the framework of the lecture more easily according to the passage?Passage Three Listening for general comprehension1. The passage is about how to cope with a new school year.2. There are three tips mentioned in the passage.Listening for specific comprehension1. D 2. A 3. C 4. B 5. C■ Script5Listening for general comprehensionHow do you approach a new school year? Do you have feelings of happiness and excitement or feelings of dread? New teachers, classes, classmates and maybe even a new school can all cause students to worry. But there are some things you can do to avoid the back-to-school blues. Become familiarWill you go to a new school this year? Then during the summer, visit your new school. Find out exactly where it is and how long it takes to get there. This will help you avoid confusion on the day. Ask friends to introduce you to a student who goes to the school. You’ll feel better knowing some there. Keep it in balance Decide how many activities you’ll participate in, and don’t do too much. Keeping schoolwork, home life and extra activities in balance will keep your stress level low. Here’s another tip to help you prepare for the first day of school. Start going to bed and getting up at your normal school time two weeks before school begins. Then your body and mind will become rested and prepared for the first day. Get involved The best way to make new friends is to join school clubs. Choose something you enjoy and you’ll meet people who share your interests. A+ for attitude During those first scary days, having a positive attitude will help you survive. Concentrate on the exciting things you’ll learn and the fun you’ll have with your classmates. With rest, preparation and the right attitude, you’ll be off to a great school year! Listening for specific comprehension1. What may cause students to worry according to the passage?2. What do you need to find out when you visit your new school?3. Why do we need to keep schoolwork, home life and extra activities in balance?4. To prepare for your first school day, when should you start getting up at your normal school time?5. Which is the best way to make new friends according to the passage?Task 4 Compound Dictation 1. unavoidable 2. check 3. ideal 4. recharge5. nap 6. definitely 7. squeeze 8. involve 9. It can mean a relaxing, 30-minute walk while listening to your favorite music. 10. when was the last time you had some quality, quiet time alone?11. Finding a few moments of peace and quiet might be just what you need.■ ScriptAt any given point in time, most college students are stressed about something. While having stress in your life is normal and often unavoidable, being stressed is something you can control. Follow the following tips to learn how to keep your stress in check and how to relax when it gets to be too much.6Get Some Sleep. Being in college means your sleep schedule is, most likely, far from ideal. Getting more sleep can help your mind refocus, recharge, and rebalance. This can mean a quick nap, a night when you go to bed early, or a promise to yourself to stick with a regular sleep schedule. Get Some Exercise. You may think that if you don’t have the time to sleep and eat properly, you definitely don’t have the time to exercise. Fair enough, but if you’re feeling stressed, it may be that you need to squeeze it in somehow. Exercise doesn’t necessarily have to involve a 2-hour, exhausting workout at the campus gym. It can mean a relaxing, 30-minute walk while listening to your favorite music. Get Some Quiet Time. Take one moment and think: when was the last time you had some quality, quiet time alone? Personal space for students in college rarely exists. You may share your room, your bathroom, your classrooms, your dining hall, the gym, the bookstore, the library, and anywhere else you go during an average day. Finding a few moments of peace and quiet might be just what you need. Stepping out from the crazy college environment for a few minutes can do wonders for reducing your stress.IV. Pronunciation Imitation and Training1. victory seven arrive starve vienna2. theatre author month cloths fifths3. though either smooth clothes baths4. world leather pull field mild5. Have you ever lived near a river?6. The three athletes were out of breath.7. Leave the little lad alone. He’ll soon be all right.8. They went further than that along the northern paths.Ⅴ. Learn English Through a Radio Program1. released 2. academic 3. increases 4. Chinese 5. undergraduate6. enrolling 7. spread 8. lack 9. row 10. business■ Script略Ⅵ. Learn English Through Movies1. serious 2. Always 3. life 4. dying 5. supposed6. visions 7. monster 8. ready 9. long 10. surrender■ Script略Unit Two Tales of Friendship7Ⅰ. Pre-listening ActivitiesPart 1略Part 21. the first Sunday in the month of August2. the third Sunday in August3. the third week of May■ ScriptHuman beings are social creatures and have always valued the importance of friends in their lives. The first Sunday of August was declared as a holiday in US in honor of friends by U.S. Congress in 1935. Since then, World Friendship Day is celebrated every year on the first Sunday in the month of August. This beautiful idea of celebrating Friendship Day was joyfully accepted by several other countries across the world. Celebrating Friendship Day in a traditional manner, people meet their friends and exchange cards and flowers to honor their friends.It may be noted that some associations celebrate Friendship Day in an entirely different time of the year and with different customs. For instance, Women’s Friendship Day is on the third Sunday in August.International Friendship Month is February.Old Friends, New Friends Week is the third week of May.However, what is remarkably same is the idea behind the celebration of the day. Everywhere, people express love for their friends and cherish their presence in life.Ⅱ. Listening TasksTask 1 Understanding Short Conversations 1. A 2. C 3. C 4. B 5. B 6. A 7. D 8. B 9. D 10. B ■ Script1. M: Miss, could you please give me change for three dollars?W: Sorry, sir, I’m not allowed to do so if you don’t buy anything.Q: Where is the conversation taking place?2. M: Today is Saturday. Am I supposed to meet Monica tomorrow?W: No, the day after tomorrow.Q: What day is the man supposed to meet Monica?3. M: I wish I could see Leo here.W: He was
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