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新初三1-3单元复习.doc

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新初三1-3单元复习.doc
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Unit 1 How can we become good learners?短语总结: 1. good learners 优秀的学习者 2. work with friends 和朋友一起学习3. study for a test 备考 4.have conversations with 与……交谈5.speaking skills 口语技巧 6.a little 有点儿7.at first 起初 起先 8.the secret to, .的秘诀9.because of 因为 10.as well 也11.look up (在词典中等)查阅;抬头看 12.so that 以便,为了13.the meaning of ……的意思 14.make mistakes 犯错误15.talk to 交谈 16.depend on 依靠 依赖17.in common 共有的 18.pay attention to 注意 关注19.connect ……with ……把……联系。 20.for example 例如21.think about 考虑 22.even if 即使 尽管 纵容23.look for 寻找 24.worry about 担心 担忧25.make word cards 制作单词卡片 26.ask the teacher for help 向老师求助27.read aloud 大声读 28.spoken english 英语口语29.give a report 作报告 30.word by word 一字一字地31.so……that 如此……以至于 32.fall in love with 爱上33.something interesting 有趣的事情 34.take notes 记笔记35.how often 多久一次 36.a lot of 许多37.the ability to do sth. 做某事的能力 38.learning habits 学习习惯39.be interested in 对……感兴趣 40.get bored 感到无聊41.be good at 在……方面擅长 42.be afraid of 害怕43.each other 彼此 互相 44.instead of 代替 而不是二.用法集萃1. by doing sth 通过做某事 2.it +be+adj+to do sth 做某事是……的3.finish doing sth 完成某事 4.what about doing sth?做某事怎么样?5.try to do sth 尽力做某事 6.the +比较近,the+ 比较近 越……,就越……7.find it+adj+to do sth 发现做某事 8.be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事9.help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 10.practice doing sth 练习做某事11.keep doing sth 一直做某事 12.be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事13.begin to do sth 开始做某事 14.want to do sth 想要做某事15.need to do sth 需要做某事 16.remember to do sth 记得做某事17.shoot 射(射着,射死等表结果) 18.shoot at( 瞄准) 射Unit1 检测题一. 单项选择1.—_______ do you study English? —By listening to tapes.A. How B. Where C. When D. Why 2.You can improve your English practicing more. A.by B.with C.of D.in3. Why not practice your _________English in _________ English-speaking country?A. speaking, a B. speaking, an C. spoken, an 4. ________conversations with others is one of the secrets to _________a successful learner.A. Practice, become B. Practice, becoming C. Practicing, becoming5 ---There’re a few new words in the article? ---What about _________in your dictionary?A. looking it up B. looking up it C. looking them up 6. We’ll go out to play _________ it rains tomorrow. A. so B. unless C. because 7. Can you ________which is the right answer to the question? A. look for B. find C. find out 8. Jenny used to be afraid to ________in class, so she always ________nothing.A. speak, talked B. speak, said C. say, spoke 9.— Why not listen to BBC news to improve your listening skills?— It’s ________ difficult _______ I can’t follow. A. too; to B. so; that C. such; that10. A good learner often thinks about ________he needs to practice more.A. that B. what C. how11.--I’m going to listen _______the tape. --OK. Remember to listen ________the key words.A. to, to B. to ,for C. for, to 12. ________or not you can learn well depends on your learning habits.A. If B. Weather C. Whether13. I have finished _________my report. May I start to learn ________the guitar?A. writing, playing B. writing, to play C. to write, playing 14. ---I often make mistakes _______grammar. ---Why not ask your teacher _______help?A. in, to B. in, for C. at, to 15. _________write down the new words in your notebook?A. Would you like B. How about C. Could you please16. ---Jack used to have ________writing practice. ---Yes, and he had learned _________.A. a lot of, a lot of B. a lot of, a lot C. a lot, a lot of 17. The more careful you are, ________mistakes you’ll make.A. fewer B. the fewer C. the less18. Good learners aren’t afraid _______mistakes. Instead, they learn ________mistakes.A. of making, in B. to make, from C. to make, in19. For the first time, pay attention _________quickly to get the main ideas.A. to read B. reading C. to reading20.I discovered that listening to is the secret language learning.A.something intresting, to B.interesting something, toC.something interested, of D.interested something ofUnit 2 I think that mooncakes are delicious!一.短语归纳1.put on 增加(体重)发胖 2.care about 关心 在乎3.end up 最终成为, 最后处于 4.not only ……but also……不但……而且…… 5.shoot down 射下 6.used to do 过去常常做……7.remind sb. of 使某人想起 8.give out 分发 发放9.the water festival 泼水节 10.the Chinese spring festival 中国春节11.next year 明年 12.sound like 听起来像13.each other 互相 彼此 14.in the shape of 以……的形状15.on mid-autumn night 在中秋之夜 16.fly up to 飞向17.lay out 摆开 布置 18.come back 回来19.as a result 结果 因此 20.mother’s day 母亲节21.more and more popular 越来越受欢迎 22.think of 想起 认为 思考23.dress up 装扮 穿上盛装 24.the importance of ……的重要性25.make money 挣钱 26.in need 需要帮助 处于困境中27.between ……and…… 在……和……之间 28.the dragon boat festival 龙舟节29.the lantern festival 元宵节 30.like best 最喜欢31.go to ……for a vacation 去……度假 32.be similar to 与……相似33.wash away 冲走 洗掉 34.mid-autumn festival 中秋节35.shoot down 射下 36.call out 大声呼喊37.the tradition of ……的传统 38.at night 在夜里 在晚上39.one……, the other……一个……,另一个… 40.Father’s day 父亲节41.have to 必须 不得不 42.play a trick on sb 捉弄某人43.the spirit of ……的精神 44.care about 关心45.wake up 醒来 46.the beginning of ……的开始二.用法集萃1.感叹句式一:What+(a/an ) +adj+名词(+主语+谓语+其他)! 多么……的……感叹句式二:How +adj/adv+主语+谓语+其他! ……多么……!2.in+时间段 在……后3.give sb. sth. 给某人某物 4.plan to do sth 计划做某事5.refuse to do sth 拒绝做某事 6.one of +名词复数形式……之一7.it +is+名词+动词不定式(to do sth)做某事是… 8.what …think of…?认为…怎么样?9.make sb do sth 让某人做某事 10.used to be 过去是……11.warn sb( not) to do sth 告诫某人做某事 12.tell sb(not)to do sth 告诉某人做某事13.decide to do sth 决定 做某事 14.promise to do sth 承诺、答应做某事重要语法一. 含义:由引导词引导的句子,在整个句子中充当宾语成分。二. 宾语从句的位置:1. 动词之后/介词之后2. 动词+间宾+ 宾语从句(tell, teach, ask)3. 动词短语之后 (make sure, make up one’s mind, keep in mind)e.g. Make sure _____ there are no mistakes in your paper before you turn it in.4. 形容词之后e.g. I’m sure _____ you will pass the exam.I’m sorry _____ I have troubled you so long.三. 三要素: (一). 引导词(连词):考点一:是否在从句中充当成分 考点二:是否有含义1. 无成分的引导词:引例:We all know _____ race isn’t important. He doesn’t know _____ he should find a girlfriend.含义 注意点:that 无 可以省略(介词后无 that)whether 是否 介词,discuss 和 decide 后只用whether如有 or not 只能用 whetherwhether + to doif 是否which 哪一个whose 谁的宾语从句的固定结构:_______ + 名词 + 主语+ 谓语动词when 何时where 何地why 为何how 如何按句意填空典型例题:Could you tell me _____ we will have meeting?I am not interested in ______ she will come.Let me know _____ you love me.He said ______ he missed us very much.I don’t know _____ bag I should buy.6. The book is about ______ he became a successful man.2. 有成分的引导词:引例: Do you know _____ opened the window?成分 含义who 作主语 谁whom 作宾语/表语 谁what 作主语/宾语/表语 什么典型例题:We have decided _____ was the best worker.Please tell me _____ I should do.(二)时态口诀:主现从不限,主过从随过,从真永一现。主现从不限(主句一般现在时,从句用任意时态)e.g. He says that he _____( leave) a message on my desk.They know that he _____(work) hard.Lucy wants to know if Peter _____(come) here yesterday. 主过从随过(主句一般过去时,从句用过去时)e.g. He wanted to know why he _____(be) crying in the corner.She said that she _____(finish) her homework already.He said that he _____(can sing) a song in English.从真永一现(从句的内容是客观事实,只能用一般现在时)e.g. Dad told us that light _____(travel) faster than sound.Father told me that practice _____(make) perfect.He told me that the earth _____(move) around the sun.典型例题:1. I didn’t understand _____. So I raised my hand to askwhat my teacher says B. what my teacher say C. what my teacher said2. Alice interviewed some people and asked them about ____ on Father' s Day .A. what they do B. what they did. C. what they will do .(三)语序:★★◆切记:宾语从句一律用陈述句,即正常语序( 主语+谓语动词+其他成分)e.g. 1. He is wondering when _________ the homework.A. can he finish B. he can finish2. Do you remember ____________?A. how old is he B. how old he is C. how he is old典型例题:1. —I wonder ____________ at 8:00 last night?—I was watching NBA.What were you doing B. What did you do C .what you were doing D. What are you doing2. I don't remember____________ the book yesterday.A. where I put B. where did I putC. where will I put D. where l will put3.—I don’t know _____.---Because he has to look after his mother.A. why he is leaving B. why is he leavingC. whether he is leaving D. whether is he leaving4. The woman asked the policeman where _______.A .the post office is B. was the post officeC. is the post office D. the post office was5. —Bob, please tell me .—In South Hill School.A. where will the match be held B. where the match will be heldC. when will the match be held D. when the match will be held三.特殊情况(一)否定后移:I don’t think/believe/suppose/imagine/guess/expect + that + 宾语从句e.g. I don’t think that he can do it.(二)用形式宾语 it 代替宾语从句结构:主语+find/feel/consider/make/believe + it + 宾语补足语 + that 宾语从句e.g. I find that we take a lot of water everyday necessary.I find it necessary that we take a lot of water everyday.(三)用虚拟语气的宾语从句结构:主语+谓语动词+that+主语+(should) do/(should) be done谓语动词:建议,坚持,要求,命令e.g. I suggest that 10 words _______(remember) everyday.[随堂练习]1. Do you know _____I saw yesterday? It was my favorite star, Jackie!A. whom B. when C. where D. how2. —How long does it take to get to the airport?—Forty minutes. But it’s foggy today. I’m not sure the highway will closes soon. Let’s set off earlier.A. whether B. when C. how D. why3. If you can’t find the place, I will show you _______.A. what it is B. what it was C. where it is D. where it was4. — Could you tell me _______in your hometown in winter? — Sure.A. whether does it often snow B. whether it often snows C. if it often snow D. if does it snow 5. —Someone is knocking at the door, dad!—Go and see ________.who is it B. who it is C. who was it D. who it was 6.  Could you tell me ______?  This way, please.A. where are the special shoes B. where the special shoes areC. where will be the special shoes 7. —Could you please tell me _________________ ? —She is under the big tree over there .where is Miss Zhou B. where was Miss Zhou C. where Miss Zhou was D. where Miss Zhou is8. ---- Would you please tell me _______? ----Yes. There’s a bank over there. A. When can I exchange money B. where can I exchange money C. when I can exchange money D. where I can exchange money 9. – I wonder .-- Shandong Province.A. when will Peng Liyuan come B. where Peng Liyuan is fromC. where Peng Liyuan came from D. how Peng Liyuan will come10. — Would you like to tell me __________________________?— Sure. Practice makes perfect.A. how can I study English well B. why do you learn English well C. how I can study English well D. why I learn English wellunit3 Could you please tell me where the restaurants are?一.短语归纳1.a pair of 一对,一双,一副 2.between A and B 在 a 和 b 之间3.on one’s / the way to 在去……的路上 4.pardon me 什么,请再说一遍5.pass by 路过 经过 6.look forward to 盼望 期待7.excuse me 打扰了 请原谅 8.get some magazines 得到一些杂志9.get some information about 获取有关……的一些信息 10.turn left\right 向左\ 向右 转11.go past 经过 路过 12.a little earlier 早一点儿13.a good place to eat 一个吃饭的好地方 14.in different situation 在不同的情况下15.on time 准时 按时 16.get to 到达17.have dinner 吃晚餐 18.on one’s / \the right 在右边19.come on 快点 请过来 20.the shopping center 购物中心21.the corner of. 的角落/拐角处 22.lead into 导入 引入二.用法集萃1.not ……· until……直到……猜…… You never know until you try something.2.let’s do sth 咱们做某事吧!3.spend time doing sth 话费时间做某事 4.thank sb for doing sth 为做某事而感谢某5.would like to do sth 想要做某事 6.look forward to doing sth 盼望做某事7. It seems (that)…It seems a rock band plays there every evening.8. Could you please tell me. ?Could you please tell me how to get to the post office?9.take 的用法① take some food take some medicine (=have 吃,喝) ② take notes 做笔记 ③ take one’s temperature ( 测量 )④ It takes sb some time/money to do something ( 花费,需要 )⑤ I’ll take this coat.(=buy 购买)⑥ take somebody / something to ( 带领,拿去,取 )⑦take a train to Chongqing ( 乘坐 ) ⑧ take off( 脱下)10.turn 的用法turn to page 80 翻到 It is your turn.轮到你了。at the turning 在转弯处 turn on/ off/ up/ down 关turn right/ left at the first turning /crossing第三单元检测一.单项选择1. — Does my question sound enough?— I don’t think so. You can ask more by using “could” instead of “can”. A. politely; politely B. politely; polite C. polite; politely D. polite; polite2. It’s not enough an English club. A. join B. to join C. joiningD. to joining3. — You really went to the park last weekend? — Yes, I go there. Look! This is a photo of me in the park.A. will B. would C. do D. did4. — I don’t know next. — Let’s ask our teacher for help.A. what to do B. what should I do C. how to do 5. — Would you like to go to the forest park or the water park?— Oh, it’s hard to choose. are my favorites.A. Either B. Neither C. Both D. All6. — I wonder we’ll go to the Children’s Park this weekend.— We can go there by bus. A. how B. when C. where D. if7. Could you please tell me ?A. where is the nearest library B. where the nearest library isC. where is the nearest bookstore D. where the nearest bookstore is8. What did you say just now? — I asked her .A. where is the hotel B. where the hotel isC. where was the hotel D. where the hotel was9. — I am worried about the coming speech. I don’t even know .— What about singing a song?A. how I can start with B. what I can start withC. how should I start with D. what should I start with10.Tom never went to bed he finished his homework last night.A.because B.if C.until D.while11.On my way home,I pass a fruit shop every day.A.to,by B.to,past C.\, by D.of, for12.I miss my grandparents very much. I’m seeing them again.A.looking for B.looking after C.looking forward D.looking forward to13.It’s always busy, so come earlier to get a table.A.a bit of B.a little C.very D.more14.The bookstore is your right,beside the bank.A.in B.at C.on D.of15.The expressions they use might whom they are speaking to or how well they know each other.A.instead of B.lead in to C.because of D.depend on16. — The game is too hard for me. I will certainly lose.— You never say no before you try.A. Forget it! B. I’m sorry. C. Come on! D. Pardon me?17.Students should learn how ________ problems.A.solve B.solving C.can solve D.to solve二、根据短文意思,用方框中所给词语填空,使文章通顺、完整at, hardly, changed, before, win, happens, down, chose, practiced , partLife is not easy, so I’d like to say “When anything (1) , believe in yourself!” When I was a young boy, I was too shy to speak to anyone. My classmates often laughed (2) me. I was sad but could do nothing. Later, something happened, and it (3) my life. It was an English speech contest. My mother asked me to take (4) in it. What a terrible idea! It meant I had to speak (5) all the teachers and students of my school!“Come on, boy. Believe in yourself! You are sure to (6)
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