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    1、英语动词时态讲解,动词的分类,时 态,定义:在英语中,不同时间发生的 动作要用不同的动词形式来表 示,这每一种不同的形式就叫做时态。,时态,一般现在时 一般将来时 一般过去时 现在进行时 现在完成时 过去进行时 过去将来时 过去完成时,v. /v.s,ved,will + v,would + v.,had + Vp.p,have /has + Vp.p,will have + Vp.p,am /is / are + Ving,was /were + Ving,General exercises,1I (have) this book for 2 weeks.,have had,are plan

    2、ted,2.Every year, many trees (plant) along the river.,3.Keep quiet, please! They (have) a lesson.,are having,4.-Hi,Lin Tao. I didnt see you at the party.-Oh, I (get) ready for the exam.,was getting,5.Tom (go) to bed early, but his brother doesnt.,6. Listen! Jims radio (make) a loud noise. Would you

    3、please tell him to turn it down?,goes,is making,1、考查在语境中判断动词时态的运用能力。常考的时态为:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、现在进 行、过去进行、现在完成、过去完成、现在完成进行、过去将来等。2、时间、条件、让步等状语从句中动词的时态;主从句时态呼应问题。3、几种时态的替代问题.,一般现在时,表示一般情况和经常发生的动作。 时间状语为 every day 或 every 引导的时间状语 often,always,usually,一般现在时,动词碰到第三人称单数时,要加 “s” work - works 辅音字母和“y”结尾的词,如carr

    4、y - carries 以s、x、ch、sh结尾的加“es”,如wash - washes go - goes do - does have - has be 的一般现在时是am is are,一般现在时,例句 Knowledge begins with practice. She said that the sea water is salty.In some parts of the world, such as in England , tea _ with milk and sugar. A. is serving B. serves C. is served D. served,一般

    5、现在时,在时间、条件、方式、让步状语从句中,用一般现在时代替一般将来时.(when,before,if,as soon as, unlessIf it is fine tomorrow ,we will go to the countryside.,一般过去时,指过去发生的动作或事情 时间状语: yesterday 引导的词组 ago 引导的词组 last 引导的词组 the day before yesterday,一般过去时,动词变化:动词变成过去式,动词加“ed” Play - played 辅音字母和“y”结尾的词,如carry - carried 重读闭音节的单词,双写最后一个字母,

    6、再加ed stop - stopped 以e结尾的加-d 不规则的用法要牢记,2 一般过去时的用法 表示过去发生的,和现在没有联系的动作或状态1.-Look! Someone has spilt (溢出)coffee on the carpet. -Well , it _ (be) me.,was,3. 一般将来时,1 .一般将来时表示计划、打算、企图做某事或来注定要发生的事情。 2 .表示将来时的四种形式 will /shall +动词原形 be going to do be about to do(正要干什么) be to do, be going to 有很强的计划性,打算干什么,而wi

    7、ll表示谈话时临时决定的意图,具有临时性和偶然性。-The telephone is ringing.-I _ answer it. A. will B. am going to C. am to D. am about to-Alice, why didnt you come yesterday?-I _, but I had an unexpected visitor.A. had B. would C. was going to D. did be going to 可用来表达某种迹象要发生的事。而will 不能表示Look at the clouds! Its going to rai

    8、n., be going to 有很强的计划性,打算干什么,而will表示谈话时临时决定的意图,具有临时性和偶然性。-The telephone is ringing.-I _ answer it.A. will B.am going to C.am to D.am about to-Alice, why didnt you come yesterday?-I _, but I had an unexpected visitor.A. had B. would C. was going to D. did be going to 可用来表达某种迹象要发生的事。而will 不能表示Look at

    9、 the clouds! Its going to rain.,4be about to do 表示“正要干什么”,表示即将发生的动作,不与表示将来的时间状语连用。常与when 连用,when 此时意思: 就在这时,是并列连词构成句型: be about to do when.I was about to leave _it rained.,when,特别注意 (1)一般现在时表示将来,特别用于车、船、飞机等时刻表中安排好的。The plane_(leave)tomorrow.(2)某些瞬间动词“go, come, arrive ,leave ,start, begin, fly, take

    10、”等用现在进行时表示将要发生的动作。Ive won a holiday for two to Floria. I _(take)my mum.,leaves,am taking,现在进行时,表示正在发生的动作。 时间状语:now /Look /Listen 由be动词动词ing构成 动词变化加ing clean - cleaning 以不发音“e”结尾的,去掉字母“e”,再加ing make - making 重读闭音节的单词,双写最后一个字母,再加ing swim - swimming,过去进行时,指在过去的某一个时间正在发生的动作。 时间状语 at this time yesterday

    11、at five oclock yesterday afternoon 动词由be动词+动词ing形式构成 例句 He was watching TV at this time yesterday.,现在完成时,动词变化 动词变成过去分词加ed Play - played 辅音字母和“y”结尾的词,如carry - carried 重读闭音节的单词,双写最后一个字母,再加ed stop - stopped 不规则动词 动词由have(has)+ 过去分词 构成,现在完成时,表示动作已经完成 He has left . I have already had a rest. 表示动作不仅已经完成,还

    12、要持续(在这个用法当中,动词要用延续性动词,与for引导的一段时间和since引导的短语连用) He has been away for two days. I have already taught in this school since 1990. The bird has been dead for a month. We have made lots of friends since we came here.,6. 现在完成时,1表示过去发生的某一动作对现在造成的影响或结果, 有时没有时间状语,有时有时间状语。 They have cleaned the classroom.(Th

    13、ey cleaned the classroom and the classroom is clean now.) 2 表示过去已经开始,持续到现在而且可能继续下去的动作状态。 He hasnt given me any more trouble since then.,has been,1.-When did he go to America?-Oh, he _ (be)there since half a year ago.,Collecting stamps as a hobby _ (become)increasingly popular during the past fifty y

    14、ears.,has become,8.现在完成进行时,构成:have /has been doing 表示过去某一动作状态一直持续到现在,也可能将持续下去。-Isnt it hard to drive downtown to work?-Yes, that why I _ to work by train. A. have been going B. have gone C. was going D. will have gone,9.将来完成时: will / shall +have done 表示将来某一时间之前完成的动作,常与表示将来时间的状语连用,如:by the end of+将来时

    15、间的短语,by the time +从句(从句用一般现在时表示一般将来时),这时句子或主句应用将来完成时We will have finished the work by the time he comes back 10.一般将来进行时; will be dong / shall be doing 表示将来某一时间正在进行的动作 What will you be doing this time tomorrow?,1.By the end of this month, we surely _ a satisfactory solution to the problem. A. have fo

    16、und B. will be found C. will have found D. are finding2.The conference _ a full week by the time it ends. A. must have lasted B. will have lasted C. would last D. has lasted,Exercises p83,1.He stepped into the office, _ down and began to fill in the forms.A. sitting B. to sit C. sat D. having it 2.S

    17、he said she would telephone but we _from her so far.A.havent heard B.didnt hear C.hadnt heard D.wont hear 3.When I got to the cinema, the film_for ten minutes.A.has begun B.had begun C.had been on D.was,1.Ill go with you as soon as I_my homework. A.will finish B.finish C.am finishing D.finished 2.If

    18、 it_tomorrow,I wont go to the cinema.A.will rain B.rains C.is raining D.rained 3.She is going to be a nurse when she_up.A.is going to grow B.grows C.growing D.grew,7.“这本书我已经买了三个月了。”,下列哪一句不对?A.I have had this book for three months.B.I have bought this book for three months.C.I bought this book three

    19、months ago.D.It is three months since I bought this book. 8. Come in, Peter, I want to show you something. Oh, how nice of you! I _ you _ to bring me a gift.A.never think; are going B.never thought; were goingC.didnt think; were going D.hadt thought; were going,1.When I was at college I _ three fore

    20、ign languages,but I _ all except for a few words of each.A.spoke;had forgotten B.spoke;have forgottenC.had spoken;had forgotten D.had spoken;have forgotten 2.The police found that the house _ and a lot of things _.A.has broken into; has been stolen B.had broken into; had been stolenC.has been broken

    21、 into; stolen D.had been broken into; stolen,1. Have you moved into the new house? No yet, the rooms _,A. are being painted B. are paintingC. are painted D. are being painting2. We havent heard from Jane for a long time. What do you suppose _ to her?A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. h

    22、aving happened,1. Do you know our town at all? No, this is the first time I _ here.A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming2. We could have walked to the station.It was so near. Yes, A taxi _ at all necessary.A. wasnt B. hadnt beenC. wouldnt be D. wont be,1.If city noises _ from increasing, people _

    23、 shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now.A. are not kept; will have to B. are not kept; have to C. do not keep; will have to D. do not keep; have to2.Tom _ into the house when no one _.A. slipped; was looking B. had slipped;lookedC. slipped; had looked D. was slippping; looked3.The last time I _ Jane, she _ cotton in the fields.A. had seen; was picking B. saw; pickingC. had seen; picked D. saw; was picking,

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