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X00020004 第10章 网络设备基本调试.ppt

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X00020004 第10章 网络设备基本调试.ppt
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网络设备基本调试,ISSUE 1.0,日期:,杭州华三通信技术有限公司 版权所有,未经授权不得使用与传播,按照初始目标组建配置完互联网络后,首要的任务是检查网络的连通性 为定位网络设备协议或控制参数的配置错误或运行故障,需要使用调试信息,引入,,,掌握用ping、tracert命令检查系统连通性 掌握使用debug等命令进行网络系统基本调试的方法,课程目标,学习完本课程,您应该能够:,网络连通性测试 系统调试,目录,,ping的实现原理,,,,RTC,RTB,RTA,,,,,echo-request,echo-reply,192.168.1.1,192.168.1.2,192.168.2.1,192.168.2.2,192.168.3.1,ping 192.168.3.1,ping命令的输出,,[RTA]ping 192.168.3.1 PING 192.168.3.1: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break Reply from 192.168.3.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=254 time=28 ms Reply from 192.168.3.1: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=254 time=28 ms Reply from 192.168.3.1: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=254 time=28 ms Reply from 192.168.3.1: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=254 time=27 ms Reply from 192.168.3.1: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=254 time=28 ms --- 192.168.3.1 ping statistics --- 5 packet(s) transmitted 5 packet(s) received 0.00% packet loss round-trip min/avg/max = 27/27/28 ms,,使用ping命令,ping ? -a Select source IP address -c Specify the number of echo requests to be sent -f Specify packets not to be fragmented -h Specify TTL value for echo requests to be sent -i Select the interface to send the packets -m Specify the interval in milliseconds to send packets -n Numeric output only. No attempt will be made to lookup host addresses for symbolic names -p No more than 8 “pad“ hexadecimal characters to fill out the sent packet. For example, -p f2 will fill the sent packet with f and 2 repeatedly -q Quiet output. Nothing will be displayed except for the summary lines. -r Record route. Include the RECORD_ROUTE option in the ECHO_REQUEST packets and display the route -s Specify the number of data bytes to be sent -t Specify the time in milliseconds to wait for each reply -tos Specify TOS value for echo requests to be sent -v Display the received ICMP packets other than ECHO-RESPONSE packets. STRING IP address or hostname of a remote system ip IP Protocol ipv6 IPv6 Protocol,tracert的实现原理,,,,,RTC,RTB,RTA,,,,,,,,,(1),(2),echo-request ttl=1,192.168.1.1,192.168.1.2,192.168.2.1,192.168.2.2,192.168.3.1,tracert 192.168.3.1,ttl-exceeded,port-unreachable,echo-request ttl=2,tracert命令的输出,,[RTA]tracert 192.168.3.1 traceroute to 192.168.3.1(192.168.3.1) 30 hops max,40 bytes packet, press CTRL _C to break 1 192.168.1.2 17 ms 17 ms 17 ms 2 192.168.2.2 18 ms 19 ms 19 ms,,*Oct 1 17:11:02:973 2008 RTA IPFWD/7/debug_case: Sending, interface = Serial6/0, version = 4, headlen = 20, tos = 0, pktlen = 40, pktid = 30003, offset = 0, ttl = 1, protocol = 17, checksum = 48959, s = 192.168.1.1, d = 192.168.3.1 *Oct 1 17:11:03:407 2008 RTA IPFWD/7/debug_case: Sending, interface = Serial6/0, version = 4, headlen = 20, tos = 0, pktlen = 40, pktid = 30006, offset = 0, ttl = 2, protocol = 17, checksum = 48700, s = 192.168.1.1, d = 192.168.3.1 *Oct 1 16:59:43:773 2008 RTA IPDBG/7/debug_icmp: ICMP Receive: ttl-exceeded(Type=11, Code=0), Src = 192.168.1.2, Dst = 192.168.1. 1; Original IP header: Pro = 17, Src = 192.168.1.1, Dst = 192.168.3.1, First 8 b ytes = 7533829A 00140000 *Oct 1 16:59:43:920 2008 RTA IPDBG/7/debug_icmp: ICMP Receive: port-unreachable(Type=3, Code=3), Src = 192.168.2.2, Dst = 192.1 .1.1; Original IP header: Pro = 17, Src = 192.168.1.1, Dst = 192.168.3.1, First 8 bytes = 7533829D 00140000,,使用tracert命令,tracert ? -a Select source IP address -f First time to live -m Maximum time to live -p UDP port number -q Number of probe packets -w Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply STRING IP address or hostname of a remote system ipv6 IPv6 Protocol,网络连通性测试 系统调试,目录,系统调试介绍,对网络设备所支持的绝大部分协议和功能,系统都提供了相应的调试功能,帮助用户对错误进行诊断和定位 调试信息的输出由两个开关控制,系统调试的操作,开启控制台对系统信息的监视功能 打开调试信息的屏幕输出开关 打开模块调试开关 显示调试开关,terminal monitor,terminal debugging,display debugging,debugging module-name,调试信息输出的例子,,ping -c 1 192.168.1.2 PING 192.168.1.2: 56 data bytes, press CTRL_C to break *Oct 1 17:16:21:648 2008 RTA IPFWD/7/debug_case: Sending, interface = Serial6/0, version = 4, headlen = 20, tos = 0, pktlen = 84, pktid = 2775, offset = 0, ttl = 255, protocol = 1, checksum = 11646, s = 192.168.1.1, d = 192.168.1.2 prompt: Sending the packet from local at Serial6/0 *Oct 1 17:16:21:673 2008 RTA IPFWD/7/debug_case: Receiving, interface = Serial6/0, version = 4, headlen = 20, tos = 0, pktlen = 84, pktid = 1515, offset = 0, ttl = 255, protocol = 1, checksum = 12906, s = 192.168.1.2, d = 192.168.1.1 prompt: Receiving IP packet from Serial6/0 *Oct 1 17:16:21:674 2008 RTA IPDBG/7/debug_case: Delivering, interface = Serial6/0, version = 4, headlen = 20, tos = 0, pktlen = 84, pktid = 1515, offset = 0, ttl = 255, protocol = 1, checksum = 12906, s = 192.168.1.2, d = 192.168.1.1 prompt: IP packet is delivering up! Reply from 192.168.1.2: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=26 ms --- 192.168.1.2 ping statistics --- 1 packet(s) transmitted 1 packet(s) received 0.00% packet loss round-trip min/avg/max = 26/26/26 ms,ping使用ICMP回显请求与应答检测网络连通性 tracert使用TTL超时机制检测网络连通性 调试信息的输出由协议开关和屏幕开关两个开关控制,本章总结,
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