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2019版高考英语大一轮复习 语法突破篇 2 并列句和状语从句课件.ppt

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2019版高考英语大一轮复习 语法突破篇 2 并列句和状语从句课件.ppt
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第二讲 并列句和状语从句,01,02,,,03,,针对训练,,并列句,并列句是由and,but,or,for等并列连词把两个或两个以上意义相关的简单句连在一起而构成的句子。其结构为:简单句+并列连词+简单句。并列句的四大基本类型有:联合并列句,转折并列句,选择并列句,因果并列句。,一、联合并列句,并列连词:and(和、并且),both.and.(······和······),not only.but also.(不但······而且······),neither.nor.(既不······也不······),when(这时······),Jim finished his homework and he went to bed. 吉姆写完作业就上床睡觉了。 Not only do I come to school early,but also I often help clean the classroom. 不但我到校早,而且我经常帮助打扫教室。 I was reading a novel when my classmate called on me. 我正在读小说,这时我的同学来找我。,二、转折并列句,并列连词:but(但是),yet(但是),while(而,然而)等。,She's good at English,but her Chinese isn't good. 她擅长英语,但她的汉语不好。 The problem was a little hard,yet I was able to work it out. 这道题有点难,然而我把它做出来了。 It is beneficial to some people,while it puts others into a dilemma. 这有利于一些人,可是也会使其他人陷入困境。,二、转折并列句,[名师指津] though和although(虽然,尽管)不能与 but连用。 Although he was very tired,but he didn't stop working.(×) Although he was very tired,he didn't stop working.(√) He was very tired,but he didn't stop working.(√) 虽然他很累,但是他没有停止工作。,三、选择并列句,并列连词:or(或者;否则,要不然),either.or.(或者······或者······),not.but(不是······而是······)等。,Tell the truth,or you will be punished. 说实话,否则你会受到惩罚。 Either you can do it by yourself,or you can ask someone else to do it. 你可以自己做,也可以让别人做。 It's not that I am unwilling to help you,but that I'm too busy these days. 不是我不愿意帮你,而是我这些天工作太忙抽不开身。,二、转折并列句,[名师指津] “祈使句+or/and+简单句”是一个固定句型,此句型中的祈使句在意义上相当于一个if引导的条件状语从句。 Work hard,and you'll pass the exam. =If you work hard,you'll pass the exam.,四、因果并列句,并列连词:so(所以;结果),表示结果。for(因为),表示原因,起补充说明的作用。,That was our first lesson,so she didn't know all our names. 那是我们的第一堂课,因此她不知道我们所有人的名字。 Mr. Smith doesn't go to his usual club,for it is being decorated these days. 史密斯先生没有去他常去的那个俱乐部,因为这些天那个俱乐部正在装修。,状语从句,一、时间状语从句,一、时间状语从句,When he knocked at the door,I was working at the table. 他敲门时我正在桌子旁边工作。 Mary made coffee while her guests were having their meal. 客人们在吃饭的时候,玛丽煮咖啡。 As the time went on,the weather got worse. 随着时间的推移,天气更加糟糕了。,一、时间状语从句,He went off before I could say goodbye
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