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2019年北京丰台区高三二模英语及答案解析试卷.ppt

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2019年北京丰台区高三二模英语及答案解析试卷.ppt
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2019北京丰台区高三二模英 语2019. 05本 试 卷 满 分共 120 分 考 试时间 100 分 钟注意事 项 :1. 答 题 前,考生 务 必先将答 题 卡上的学校、年 级 、班 级 、姓名、准考 证 号用黑色字迹 签 字笔填写清楚,并 认真核 对 条形 码 上的准考 证 号、姓名,在答 题 卡的 “ 条形 码 粘 贴 区 ” 贴 好条形 码 。2. 本次考 试 所有答 题 均在答 题 卡上完成。 选择题 必 须 使用 2B铅 笔以正确填涂方式将各小 题对应选项 涂黑,如需改 动 ,用橡皮擦除干 净 后再 选 涂其它 选项 。非 选择题 必 须 使用 标 准黑色字迹 签 字笔 书 写,要求字体工整、字迹清楚。3. 请严 格按照答 题 卡上 题 号在相 应 答 题 区内作答,超出答 题 区域 书 写的答案无效,在 试 卷、草稿 纸 上答 题 无效。4. 请 保持答 题 卡卡面清 洁 ,不要装 订 、不要折叠、不要破 损 。笔 试 (共三部分 120 分)第一部分 知 识 运用(共两 节 45 分)第一 节 语 法填空(共 10 小 题 ;每小 题 1.5 分,共 15 分)1 个适当的 单词 ,在 给 出提示 词 的空白 处阅读 下列短文,根据短文内容填空。在未 给 提示 词 的空白 处仅 填写用括号内所 给词 的正确形式填空。AThere was a farmer who always sold a pound of butter to a baker. One day the baker decided toweigh the butter to see if he was getting a pound and found that he was not. This angered 1(he), so he took the farmer to court. The judge asked the farmer 2 he had a measuring tool.The farmer replied, “ I have a pair of scale. I have been buying a pound of bread from him. Whenthe baker 3 (bring) me the bread, I always put it on my scale and give him the same weight ofbutter. ”BParrots are found in countries like Brazil, Australia and India. They usually live 4large groups and because they like to eat fruit, they are sometimes a problem for farmers. Thereare different kinds of parrots, but they all have strong beaks and feet, which they use for 5(climb) and holding food. The biggest parrots can live for up to 80 years. They are 6 (noise),but they are clever birds and it is easy to teach them to talk. Some zoos have parrot shows, whereyou can see the birds doing things they have learned.CKite flying is popular around China. It is known as zhiyuan , as kites were made of paper 7when they fly, they are like eagles. Kites 8 (use) for military purpose in the beginning.Later kite flying gradually became a very popular recreational activity. In the past, people 9(fasten) a bamboo-made whistle onto a kite. While flying through the wind, it made sound like themusic 10 (produce) by guzheng, a traditional Chinese musical instrument. Therefore, it hasits modern name as fengzheng.第二 节 完形填空(共 20 小 题 ;每小 题 1.5 分,共 30 分)阅读 下面短文,掌握其大意,从每 题 所 给 的 A、 B、 C、D 四个 选项 中, 选 出最佳 选项 ,并在答 题 卡上将 该项 涂黑。Counting the votes took about five minutes, but it seemed like an hour for me. Captain of thecheerleaders is quite an honor. At least that ’ s what I was 11 .As Coach Maguire appeared, all eyes zeroed in 12 her.“ Girls, ” she began. “ It ’ s my pleasure to announce that Terry Shaw has been elected Captainof the cheerleading team.” A great cheer was heard throughout the gym.How 13 this be? I hadn’ t 14 a practice, or a game, in the three years. Waseveryone blind? Didn’ t they realize that I had worked three years to 15 the title?All the way home, I sobbed. The next morning, I held my uniform close to me. I knew Icouldn ’ t 16 . As heartbroken as I was, my true love was17 with my teammates.How very 18 it was to go to that first practice after Terry had been named captain. WhenI arrived, Terry asked me if I had any ideas on how to improve our routines and talked about how wecould make the team better. We? Was she kidding? I just wanted to 19 her and she kept makingit harder and harder for me to do that. It wasn ’ t just that she showed interest in me — herinterest was warm and 20 .Terry always made sure to 21 me when discussing changes in our routine and eventually I22 myself and we grew to be very close friends.At the end of the year, the annual Sports Award Banquet was organized. We decorated the hall,talking about all the good times we had 23 during our last year together. I just wanted to24 that moment in time.Later in the evening we arrived and listened as the various trophies were awarded to the mostvaluable player of each sports team. Of course the team captains all received trophies too. Withgreat 25 I cheered for Terry.Just as Terry walked off the stage, Coach Maguire stepped up to the microphone again andannounced that there was one final trophy to be awarded. The cheerleading “ Spirit Award” wouldnow be presented to the girl who showed the most dedicated 26 .WhenI heard my name announced I imagined I was as 27 . Terry was coming toward me. Wehugged each other, and Terry whispered, “ Nobody 28 this more than you. ”Terry never knew that quitting was all I had on my mind the day she was named captain. She readthe 29 in my shallow words of congratulations and embraced me in spite of myself, plantingtiny seeds of kindness and respect. From her effort grew a 30 that, to this day, I hold closeto my heart.C. regrettingC. withC. mightC. missed11. A. expecting12. A. for13. A. dared14. A. watched15. A. holdB. offeringB. onB. wouldB. acceptedB. earn C. giveD. designingD. aboutD. couldD. followedD. defend16. A. quit17. A. competingB. delayB. studyingC. practiseC. cheeringD. replyD. communicating18. A. hard B. pleasant C. normal D. unforgettable19. A. persuade20. A. wide21. A. teach22. A. punished23. A. wastedB. inspireB. genuineB. praiseB. hidB. sharedC. frightenC. properC. controlC. overcameC. neededD. hateD. funnyD. includeD. embarrassedD. found24. A. freeze25. A. confidence26. A. effort27. A. nervous28. A. doubts29. A. admirationB. recallB. politenessB. trustB. shockedB. completesB. sympathyC. spareC. enthusiasmC. memoryC. determinedC. deservesC. courageD. chooseD. curiosityD. attentionD. proudD. requiresD. disappointment30. A. belief B. challenge C. promise第二部分 阅读 理解(共两 节D. friendship40 分)第一 节 (共 15 小 题 ;每小 题 2 分,共 30 分)阅读 下列短文,从每 题 所 给 的 A、 B、 C、D四个 选项 中, 选 出最佳 选项 ,并在答 题 卡上将 该项 涂黑。A31. First Track can offer visitors ________.A. an early visit B. an ice skating showC. a tasty lunch D. a free skiing lesson32. What is the White Carpet Club special for?A. Skillful trainers. B. Quiet living experience.C. Thoughtful service. D. Good views over the mountain.33. The passage is written to ________.A. attract visitors B. compare different programsAt Beaver Creek, The Extraordinary Awaits YouAre no two snowflakes alike? The snowflakes we see in thewinter are most likely completely unique from one other.Beaver Creek is a great place to experience the beauty of thesnow, with programs for everyone— from children, teens, and women-only lessons to small groups and private-guided experiences.First Track, from Beaver Creek Reserve, lets you be the first on the mountain, with anadventure that begins at 7:30 a.m. when you are met by ski professionals and taken on a private,Once you have skied, you are treated to aguided tour — beforedelicious breakfastthe mountain is open to the public.at Allie ’ s Cabin.If you are looking for a higher level of comfort there is the White Carpet Club, from BeaverCreek Reserve. Located in the heart of Beaver Creek Village, it maximizes your time on the mountainby streamlining your access to it. At the club, there are private lockers and boot dryers, alongwith preferred self-parking and a slope-side ski waiter. A receptionist can assist with lifttickets, pass purchases, dinner reservations, and activity recommendations.Of course, there is more to explore during the winter in Beaver Creek as well. There is iceskating, snowshoeing, shopping, and spas— you name it, Beaver Creek has it. It is the perfect placeto take advantage of the snow and be in the moment, in the mountains, together.The extraordinary is a rare combination of one-of-a-kind experiences designed to be shared withservice that exceeds expectation. The extraordinary brings youcloser to one another and offers a special place to belongtogether. Belong in The Extraordinary.C. appeal for sports D. introduce training coursesBI said, “ Papi, let me finish school. ” None of his other daughters completed more than threegrades. “ I still can do my chores( 家 务 ), ” I told him. “ Pay for me to finish school. ”He dug his boot into the dry earth of Quanajuato, the state he never left in his entire life.But he still was the smartest man in our village. He read books about Egypt and knew how tohandwrite, unlike my mother, who never had an education.“ Why do you want to return to school? ” he said, lowering his eyes to me. “ So you can meet aman, marry, and quit? You want me to pay for that? ”“ No, Papi, ” I said. “ I won ’ t marry in school and I promise I ’ ll graduate. ”The wind whistled through the trees. My father saw a fisherman with a pole bent over theriverbank. I said urgently, “ Papi, ” and I almost grabbed his thick brown wrist. In the country,my father would stop and talk with any stranger, no matter what he was doing. He would talk aboutthe harvest, the weather, the family, but mostly, he would listen.He turned, making his way to the fisherman. I followed behind him in my open-toed shoes,carefully picking my steps. I knew I had lost his attention and I searched around me for somethingto fill the time I would spend waiting. But there was nothing and nobody.“ Buenos dias, ” my father said to the fisherman.I took my seat ten feet from them. The two men stared across the lake and talked. Their voicesdroned on and were blended with the wind. I daydreamed.“ Marta, come here, ” my father called to me.I lifted myself up and walked very slowly toward them without lifting my feet off the ground.“ Marta, ” my father said, “ I have asked Don Toms what he thinks about your promise. ”I stared at this fisherman, this stranger, and then back at my father with wide eyes.“ I told him about your promise to stay single, and he told me — let her go. ”The fisherman looked down at his worn shoes. “ If you want it, ” he said to the earth beneathhis feet.Later, I became Father ’ s only daughter to complete high school education, and the only one toleave his house unmarried.34. The author spoke to her father to ________.A. share her school lifeB. beg for her school feeC. learn about her sisters ’ studyD. complain about the housework35. The author felt ________ when her father went over to the fisherman.A. ashamed B. tired C. angry D. helpless36. Why did the author ’ s father talk with the fisherman?A. To offer help. B. To talk about harvest.C. To ask for advice. D. To get away from the author.37. The last paragraph suggests that the author _______.A. kept her wordsB. missed her fatherC. regretted the decisionD. lived a comfortable lifeCEvery year migratory( 迁徙的) bats travel from Mexico to Bracken Cave, where they spend thesummer consuming insects that would otherwise hungrily eat commonfood crops. But the bats havebeen showing up far earlier than they did two decades ago.In a study, scientists at Rothamsted Research, an agricultural laboratory in England, usedradar data from 160 U.S. weather stations to analyze activity in the Texas bat colony from 1995through 2017. They discovered the creatures were leaving their winter quarters in Mexico earlierand reproducing sooner. They were also astonished to find increasing numbers of batsoverwintering( 过 冬) at Bracken Cave instead of heading back to their cold weather quarters inMexico. Overwintering is a sign that warmer temperatures change the bats ’ annual rhythms,Rothamsted biologist Phillip Stepanian says.A separate study of migratory bats in Indiana, published last year, found that temperaturevariations affected arrival and departure times — likewise hinting at the potential influence ofclimate change. Joy O ’ Keefe, a biology professor at Indiana State University and co-author of thatstudy, says early arrival at their summer habitats( 栖息地) could expose these bats to cold snaps(寒流 ), and they could freeze to death.Joy O ’ Keefe and her colleagues also found that changing bat migration times can also clashwith rainfall patterns. Many insects that bats eat breed in seasonal lakes and puddles. If the batsarrive too early to benefit from summer rainfall and the resulting abundance of insects, they maystruggle to feed their pups(幼崽) or skip reproduction altogether, O ’ Keefe says. She fears thisshift could cause Midwestern bats to decrease toward extinction, which would be bad news for humans.“ Declines in bat populations could have severe effects for crop success, ” she says, adding thatbats also “ control significant disease vectors, such as mosquitoes. ”However, scientists are not certain that climate change alone is causing the Bracken Cave batcolony to migrate earlier. They have found a direct link between seasonal temperatures and birdmigration, but bats are also influenced by factors such as changes in wind speed and direction. Andthere are other complications. “ Bats are mysterious little animals that move mostly at night andare difficult to observe and track, ” Stepanian says. “ We have this conceptual picture of whatmight be happening, but really tying it to the cause is the next step. ”38. Scientists at Rothamsted Research found that _________.A. bats preferB. bats delaycoldertheirweatherreproductionC. warming affects bat migrationD. radar can be used to observe bats39. Joy O ’ Keefe discovered that _________.A. bats are used to living in rainfall seasonsB. bats ’ earlier migration might harm farmingC. insects ’ reproduction helps to spread diseaseD. insects shortage makes bats reproduce earlier40. What does the last paragraph want to tell us?A. Wind speed and direction affect bats.B. It is difficult to observe and track bats.C. Climate change makes bats migrate earlier.D. Further research on the cause is necessary.for41. What is the best titleA. Bats’ habitatsthe passage?B. Endangered batsC. Bats’ schedule D. Bats, our good friendsDOn March 18, 2018, Elaine Herzberg was crossing a road in Tempe, Arizona, when a Volvo SUV hitand killed her. Although she was one of thousands of U.S. pedestrians killed by vehicles every year,one distinctive aspect set her death apart: Nobody was driving that Volvo. A computer was.Just a couple of months later, a survey by AAA (American Automobile Association) revealed that73 percent of Americans were too scared to zip around in a totally autonomous ride — a 10 percentincrease from a similar poll taken before Herzberg’ s
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