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reading(阅读).ppt

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reading(阅读).ppt
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Planning Lessons for a Reading ClassShijiazhuang Institute of Education and Science ResearchWang ShuxiaAsk the person next to you:2) How do most students feel about reading in English? 3) Why are reading exercises difficult for students? 1) Do you enjoy teaching reading? Is it a challenge?Why Reading Can Be Difficult … Challenges for English LearnersLack ConfidenceBored & UnmotivatedDon’t RememberPoor CommunicationSkills Research shows these four problems as the most common facing teachers of teenagers.So …Why do we teach reading???We have to … .考试It’s helpful!“Reading is the core(核心) of language instruction”-Neil Anderson, American ELT researcherREADINGListening Vocabulary Speaking Grammar Writing What is reading?n Reading is a process of constructing meaning through the dynamic interaction among the reader’s existing knowledge, the information suggested by the written language, and the context of the reading situation. (Anthony, Pearson, & Raphael,1993:284Three theoriesn Bottom-up model (自上而下模式)n Top-down model(自下而上模式)n Interactive model(交互模式)是一种逐词逐句理解文章的阅读方式。由单词到句子到语篇的解码过程。文本驱动阅读(自上而下阅读方式)bottom-up approach重点: vocabulary, functional grammar, phrases 是一种利用大脑图式描述知识帮助理解文本的阅读方式。阅读就是一个猜测游戏,它强调背景知识在阅读中的作用。图式驱动阅读 (自下而上阅读方式) top –down approach重点:语篇的理解阅读过程读者要借助多种渠道的信息才能理解文本。即有文本的信息如词汇,句法和语篇,又包括图式知识。读者对文本的信息部分既依赖于文本的信息,又依赖于读者已有的相关知识。交互阅读模式 Interactive-approach重点:篇章和语言知识的相互作用1.To develop an awareness of reading strategies necessary for successful reading comprehension.2.To expand vocabulary and develop techniques for continues increase of vocabulary.3.To develop an awareness of linguistic and rhetorical structures found in reading texts.Reading Objectives:4.To increase reading speed and fluency.5. To promote an interest in different types of reading materials.6. To provide practice in extensive reading skills.Reading material are interesting for the studentsn Short stories, other literary texts and passages.n Playsn Letters, postcards, notesn Classified adsn Recipesn Advertisements, travel brochuresn Instructions, tickets, price lists三级四级五级Three phases of the readingn Pre-readingn While-readingn Post-readingPre-readingn Teachers should introduce the lesson objectives to the students.n Activate the students’ prior knowledge on the topic.Some activities used in pre-reading phasen Word association taskeg. Sport (healthy, expensive, fun, hard work, lose weight)n Direct experience or hands-on learningn Predicting (from the headings,pictures,)PRE-READINGUsing Pictures …Who are these people? Where are they?What are they doing?What do you think this story is about?PRE-READINGAdding the Title …NOW What do you think this story is about?PRE-READINGPRE-READINGWhere are they?PRE-READINGWhat do you think they are saying? Write it out!What is the man asking for? Do they look happy?Other Activities for GuessingOne sentence with questionsPRE-READINGWhat kind of passage is this?A) A story about travelingB) A cooking recipeC) An advertisementOther Activities for GuessingPRE-READINGThe singers came from all age groups and from all over China.Both winners were very modest and said they didn’t think they were better than the other singers.1)2)3)A. Two winners of a singing contest. B. How many people in China like to sing.It says something about:C. A way to improve your ability to sing.While-readingn Learning a strategy (scan, skim, inference)n Getting the informationn Learning structure.Skimming n Skimming is a reading strategy that involves students looking through the text rapidly for the general meaning of an article. Skimming means getting the main point or gist before one reads for detail.How to “Skim”:WHILE-READING• Read just a few parts of the text (for example: 1st sentence of each paragraph)• Try to get MAIN IDEA first• Lead in with a question• Set a Time-Limit!WHILE-READINGExample of a “Skimming” Activity:B3, u10, p77
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