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花中四君子Artemis.ppt

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花中四君子Artemis.ppt
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Four “Gentlemen” In The Flowers,Plum blossom(梅),Orchid (兰),Bamboo (竹),Chrysanthemum(菊),Strong and lofty The plum blossom is the famous flower in China’s tradition. It wins poets’ and painters’ praises because of its elegance. And, its cold resistant ability and fresh fragrance(清香) are the symbol of our national essence(精髓).,,Plum blossom,The plum blossom has been being respected by people from ancient times to modern age .That is why there are so many poems about the plum blossom .,,The plum blossom is not snow white, but it is actually more fragrant than the snow 梅须逊雪三分白,雪却输梅一段香(卢梅坡)The snow resembles(类似) the plum blossom, the plum blossom resembles the snow, whether it resembles the snow or not ,it is colorful 雪似梅花,梅花似雪,似和不似都奇艳(吕本中),Poems about the plum blossom,Several plums are in the corner of a wall.Facing the cold winter , they unfold alone . We know it is not snow in the distanceFor fresh fragrance comes. 墙角数枝梅,凌寒独自开遥知不是雪, 为有暗香来(王安石),,Orchid,In China, the orchid stands for happy 、noble and pure. In some foreign countries, the orchid symbolizes warm、friendly、self-confident and proud.,The orchid is considered as the gentleman in the flowers.In China traditional culture, raising the orchid、watching the orchid、painting the orchid、describing the orchid are always the important ways for people to edify the sentiment(陶冶情操).,The orchid and Chinese culture,,,Therefore, the Chinese orchid has become the lofty cultural representative.,Bamboo,The bamboo is centre spatial(中空). It has the bamboo nodes. Its tall and straight characteristic always be praised by the Chinese.,The bamboo is the symbol of modesty, having the moral courage(有气节的), upright and never stooping (屈服)to flattery(巴结) and so on.,,In the Chinese tradition, the bamboo is symbolizing the life tension, the longevity(长寿), the happiness and the spiritual truth(精神真理), but in Japan, the bamboo symbolizes reality and devotion. Writers and artists in the Buddhism(佛教) and Taoism(道教) said, the bamboo’s very straight line and center spatial structure itself has the extremely profound(深刻的) symbolic meaning.,,The chrysanthemum is entrusted(赋予) with many kinds of symbolic significances Because of Tao Yuanming’s poem, the chrysanthemum has become to symbolize the recluse(隐士)In Japan, the chrysanthemum is the imperial family’s(皇室) symbol,Chrysanthemum,The chrysanthemum’s color is various. Chrysanthemum of different color has different meaning. Yellow chrysanthemum: Light loveWhite chrysanthemum: Sad and sorrowful In our country, the white chrysanthemum is generally used to grieve(追悼) the dead. In Japan, It’s the symbol of chaste(贞洁)and honest. Red chrysanthemum: Charming,Different color different meaning,,The chrysanthemum has represented(代表) humanity’s many sentiments(感情), sincere (真挚的)friendship, chaste (纯洁的)love, lofty (崇高的)belief. The chrysanthemum has manifested(体现) humanity’s many spirits, tenacious(坚韧不拔), pure and chaste. The chrysanthemum has symbolized humanity’s many desires, happy and peace, free and independent, joy and health.Therefore, watching the chrysanthemum has become one kind of enjoyment which may bring many benefits for our bodies and minds.,The end,
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