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骑士和骑士文化英文介绍.ppt

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骑士和骑士文化英文介绍.ppt
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TheKnightandchivalry WhoisKnight knight na t isapersongrantedanhonorarytitleofknighthoodbyamonarchorotherpoliticalleaderforservicetotheMonarchorcountry especiallyinamilitarycapacity Historically inEurope knighthoodhasbeenconferreduponmountedwarriors Howdidknightform ThefirstknightsappearedduringthereignofCharlemagneinthe8thcentury AstheCarolingianAgeprogressed theFranksweregenerallyontheattack ThesemobilemountedwarriorsmadeCharlemagne sfar flungconquestspossible andtosecuretheirserviceherewardedthemwithgrantsoflandcalledbenefices knight sstatus DuringtheHighMiddleAges knighthoodwasconsideredaclassoflowernobility Usuallyonlysonsofknightsorlordscanbecomeaknight Insomecasescommonerscouldalsobeknightedasarewardforextraordinarymilitaryservice ThepictureontherightshowschivalricranksduringtheMiddleAges Knight sappearance Howtobeaknight Becomingaknightisthedreamofeveryboyinmiddleages buttheprocessitextremelytough Thepictureontherightshowsacommonceremonyofknightnomination 授名 Howtobeaknight Knighthoodwererequiredtomasterthe sevenpointsofagilities riding swimminganddiving shootingdifferenttypesofweapons climbing participationintournamentswrestling fencing longjumping anddancing theprerequisiteskillsforknighthood Allofwhichweredoneevenwhilewearingarmor TheKnight sOath 宣誓 Saidbyfeudallord 册封者 Bewithoutfearinthefaceofyourenemies BebraveanduprightthatGodmaysee Speakthetruthevenifitleadstoyourdeath SaveGodthehelpless Thatisyouroath Andthatsoyourememberit Riseaknight 强敌当前 无畏不惧 果敢忠义 无愧上帝 耿正直言 宁死不诳 保护弱者 无怪天理 这是你的誓词 牢牢记住 册封为骑士 Thedeclarationofknights Iwillbekindtotheweak Iwillbebraveandagainstthestrong Iwillfighttheallwhodowrong Iwillfightforthosewhocannotfight Iwillhelpthosewhocallmeforhelp Iwillharmnowoman Iwillhelpmybrotherknight Iwillbetruetomyfriends Iwillbefaithfulinlove 我发誓善待弱者我发誓勇敢地对抗强暴我发誓抗击一切错误我发誓为手无寸铁的人战斗我发誓帮助任何向我求助的人我发誓不伤害任何妇人我发誓帮助我的兄弟骑士我发誓真诚地对待我的朋友我发誓将对所爱至死不渝 decline Bytheendofthe15thcentury knightsbecameobsoleteascountriesstartedcreatingtheirownprofessionalarmiesthatwerequickertotrain cheaperandeasiertomobilise Theadvancementofhigh poweredfirearmseradicatedtheuseofplatearmour asthetimeittakestotrainsoldierswithgunsismuchlesscomparedtothatoftheknight thecostofequipmentislower chivalry Historically theidealsofchivalry 骑士精神 werepopularizedinmedievalliterature especiallytheMatterofBritainandMatterofFrance SirThomasMalory s TheDeathofArthur writtenin1485 wasimportantindefiningtheidealofchivalrywhichisessentialtothemodernconceptoftheknightasanelitewarriorsworntoupholdthevaluesoffaith loyalty courage andhonor chivalry DuringtheRenaissance thegenreofchivalricromancebecamepopularinliterature growingevermoreidealisticandeventuallygivingrisetoanewformofrealisminliteraturepopularisedbyMigueldeCervantes DonQuixote Knightintoday Knightintoday Question Canyoulistatleasttwovaluesofaknight Faith loyalty courage andhonor Sacrificeandsoon
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