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3.一般疑问句.doc

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3.一般疑问句.doc
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一般疑问句一、一般疑问句也可称为 “yes / no questions”,因这种问句通常用yes / no来回答,相当于汉语中的“……吗?”其语序是:系动词be / 助动词/ 情态动词+主语+其他成分?如: Are you from Japan? Yes ,I am. / No, Im not. Is her sister doing her homework now? Yes ,she is. / No ,she isnt. Does he work in a bank? Yes ,he does. / No, he doesnt. Do you live near your school? Yes ,I do. / No,I dont. Can you speak French? Yes, I can. / No, I cant. May I go home now? Yes ,you may. / No ,you mustnt. 注意: 1.将陈述句变为一般疑问句时,如句中有be 动词(am is are …)时,可直接将它们提至主语前。如主语为第一人称,应将其改为第二人称。如: Im in Class 2Grade 1. → Are you in Class 2,Grade 1? Were watching TV. → Are you watching TV? 2.陈述句中有情态动词(can may must …)时,也可直接将它们提至主语前,即可成为一般疑问句。如: He can swim now. → Can he swim now? The children may come with us. → May the children come with us? 3.陈述句中只有一个实义动词作谓语且其时态为一般现在时,变为一般疑问句时要在句首加do或does 主语后的实义动词用原形。如: I like these animals. → Do you like these animals? She wants to go to the movies. → Does she want to go to the movies? 4.一般疑问句一般读升调(↑) 5.一般疑问句有时不用yes或 no 回答。如: Are they in town now? I think so. May I sit here? Certainly. Does he like soccer? Sorry, I dont know.巩固练习题情况1: Be(是) am is are先用be的适当形式填空然后按照要求变换句型l I ____ a teacher.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l You _____ a worker.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l He ____ a doctor.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l ______ she a student?陈述句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l ______ we happy?陈述句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l You _____ good workers.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l They _____ workers.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l ______ (它是) an apple.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________情况2:have(是) have(第一二人称单复数及第三人称复数) has(第三人称单数)l I _____ three books.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________l You _____ a car.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________He ____ many trees.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________She ____ five beautiful dresses.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:_________________________________________(我们有) a television?陈述句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________They _____ a house in Shenzhen.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________情况3.情态动词cancould为can的过去式,都能表示能,或者请求别人的许可。在表示请求时,过去式不代表过去时态,而是使得语气更加委婉。I can speak English.我能说英语。一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________They can swim.他们能游泳。一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________You can collect the plates for me.(帮我收掉这些碟子。征求许可)一般疑问句:_______________________________我能帮你收掉这些碟子吗?肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________情况4.用助动词do,does提问(注意提问时后面的实义动词要用原型!)I like reading books.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________He listens to the story.他听故事。一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________They watch the movie today.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________She teaches them English.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________He wants to go to Beijing.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________情况5:there be表存在,“有”!There is a bird in the tree.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________There is a thief(小偷) in the room.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________There are five eggs on the table.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________There were six students in the classroom yesterday.一般疑问句:_______________________________肯定回答:____________________________否定回答:____________________________精品练习题根据答句写问句练习题(一般疑问句)1. _______________________________________________ my math teacher is very kind.2. _______________________________________________ I don’t like grapes.3. ___________________________________________? our music teacher is tall.4. _______________________________________? Mr Li is funny.5. __________________________________________ I like music class .6. _______________________________________? my sister likes Chinese class7. ______________________________________________ l have milk and bread for breakfast .8. ________________________________________ I am a doctor.9. ___________________________________________ they have Chinese and music on Tuesdays.___________________________________________ I can do the dishes.10. ______________________________________________ she has milk and bread for breakfast today.11. ______________________________________________ her favourite food is mutton.12. ___________________________________________ my favourite colour is blue.13. ________________________________________? Mike has beef for lunch on Tuesdays.14. ________________________________________? I am very hungry.15. ____________________________________________? I don’t like grapes and oranges.16.____________________________________________? this is my living room.17.____________________________________________? there isn’t an end table in my room.18.____________________________________________? there are many trees in the garden .19.____________________________________________? there is a lake in the nature park.20.____________________________________________? Tom and Amy can’t cook the meals.1. ____________________________________________ She often goes shopping on Sundays.2. _____________________________________________ He doesn’t go to school on Saturdays.3. ________________________________________ I get up at 6:50.4. _______________________________________ I like going hiking.5. ________________________________________ I like spring best.6. _________________________________________ my favourite season isn’t winter.7. ____________________________________________ I can make a snowman in winter.8. _____________________________________________ I often plant trees in spring.9. ___________________________________ I don’t go swimming in summer.10. ____________________________________________ it’s cold in Beijing in winter.11.___________________________________________ my birthday is in Oct.12.___________________________________ my mother’s birthday is in September.13._______________________________________________ today is June 1st.14. ______________________________________________ there are three birthdays in May.15. ________________________________________________ my mother doesn’t have a computer.16. _______________________________________________ I am reading a book.17.______________________________________________ my mother is cooking dinner.18.___________________________________________ they are cooking dinner.19._________________________________________ my grandpa isn’t writing a letter.20. _____________________________________________ the birds are flying.21______________________________________________ it isn’t swinging.22.__________________________________________ Tom is collecting leaves.根据问句写陈述句1. Do you climb mountains on the weekends? 2. Do you have English class at 4:30? 3. Do you like spring the best? 4. Can you skate in summer?5. Do you often fly kites in fall? 6. Is it hot in winter?7. Is it cool in fall?8. Is your birthday in May? (七月九日)9. Is your father’s birthday in fall? (十月一日)10. Does your grandpa have a computer? (没有)11. Are you drawing pictures? 12. Is your brother doing the dishes? 13. Is she cooking dinner? 14. Are they writing e-mails? 15. Can I speak to you mom, please?人称代词强化练习题1.These are ________ (他们的) flowers. 2.Those books are ____ (他们的). 3. Is this photo (你的)? 4.Is this (你的)photo? 5. (它的)eyes are blue.6. (她)is my mother. 7. The eraser is for ___.(她)8.Is this (她的)bag? 9. Is this bag . (她的)10.I don’t like (他们). 11. (他们)are lazy pupils。12. (他们的)shoes are old. 13.The old shoes are (他们的).14.This potato is (我的). 15.That tomato is (你的).16.This is (我的)potato. 17.That is (你的)tomato.18. (我们的) Classroom is big and bright.19.The big and bright classroom is (我们的).20.He will catch up with (我们).21. She did not hit ________________ (她自己).22.DIY means “Do it _________________(你自己)”.23. We are clever, and we can do our homework by ___________(我们自己).翻译.1.他的画 ___________ 2.她老师___________3.它的名字_________ 4我的计算机__________5你的猫___________ 6她的书包__________单项选择.1. This is a girl._____ name is Lily.A. His B. She C. Her D. Its2. This is Wang Fang._____ is twelve.A. His B. She C. Her D. Its3. I _____ a girl._______ name is Wang Hong.A. am; My B. is; Her C. am; Your D. is; His4.Li Lei ______ a boy._____ is in class 5.A. am; He B. is; She C. are; His D. is; He5. -----Is the cat ______-friend? ------Yes,_______.A. your; it isn’t B. he; it isC. your; it is D. her; it isn’t6. This is a bird. I don’t know _______name.A. its’ B. it’s C. it D. its7. They can study by ___________.A. them B. they C. themselves D. us8. --What’s this? -- It’s ______pencil.A. my a B. a my C. my the D. my9. I think _____ Mrs. Wang.A. he’s B. His C. she’s D. it’s10-----What’s that? -----_____ is a cat.A. It B. He C. She D. You
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