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2015年高中英语阅读理解 第一部分 异域风光(六)练习.doc

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2015年高中英语阅读理解 第一部分 异域风光(六)练习.doc
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第一部分 异域风光(六)26. Mecca, a Holy City of Islam麦加——伊斯兰教圣城麦加是伊斯兰教的第一圣地。它坐落在沙特阿拉伯西部赛拉特山区一条狭窄的山谷里,面积26平方公里,人口三十多万。伊斯兰教创始人穆罕默德于公元570年诞生于此。以后成为伊斯兰教中心和商业中心。麦加在穆斯林世界被誉为“诸城之母”。它之所以世界闻名,是因为伊斯兰教创始现在麦加城中心的这座大清真寺是穆斯林最神圣的地方。圣地只对穆斯林开放,非穆斯林一律谢绝入内。城中心的麦加大清真寺是伊斯兰教著名圣寺,是世界各国穆斯林去麦加朝觐礼拜的主要圣地。所有穆斯林,无论是男是女,都会尽最大努力争取一生至少要前往麦加朝觐一次。Mecca is the holy city of Islam. It is the birthplace of the prophet of Mohammed (570—632), founder of Islam.Mecca is in a rocky valley about 45 miles away from Jidda, a Red Sea port.Only Muslims may enter the city Mecca. According to Muslim tradition, all Muslims who are able must make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca. The pilgrims come to pray in the mosque situated in the lowest part of the valley. This Muslim temple is made up of a domed building and a courtyard surrounded by many arches and columns. In the courtyard stands Islams shrine, a cube-shaped stone building called the Kaaba. Muslims all over the world face the Kaaba when they pray. Embedded in one corner of Kaaba is a black stone. According to Muslim tradition, the stone was placed there by Abraham and his son Ishmael. Pilgrims to Mecca walk seven times around the Kaaba and kiss the stone.Mecca has a permanent population of about 300,000, but its shops and inns serve over 150,000 pilgrims every year. The only important local industry is the manufacture of religious objects. The hot, dry desert surrounding the city makes farming impossible.Comprehension Questions:C. the cube-shaped stone building D. the black stone4. Through reading the passage, we can guess that ______A. the climate in Mecca is very dry and hot.B. water is very precious in Mecca. C. Mecca is surrounded by mountains. D. all the above.5. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage? ______A. Mecca lies in a rocky valley with the hot dry desert surrounding it.B. It seems that almost all the food in Mecca is shipped from other places.C. Anyone who is fond of travel can visit Mecca.D. Not all the Muslims make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca.(DACDC)27. The Eiffel Tower, a Symbol of Paris埃菲尔铁塔——巴黎的象征如果说,巴黎圣母院是古代巴黎的象征,那么,埃菲尔铁塔就是现代巴黎的标志。埃菲尔铁塔坐落在塞纳河南岸马尔斯广场的北端。1887年1月26日动工,1889年5月15日开放的,距今已有100多年的历史了。法国巴黎埃菲尔铁塔自1889年建成以来,已经成为法兰西的象征。这座高达 320米的建筑,由12000个金属部件连接,共用钢铁9000多吨。法国人性格阴柔细腻,他们不把这座庞然大物称作“大英雄”或“大丈夫”之类,而是将它亲密地称为“铁娘子”。The Eiffel Tower in Paris needs no presentation. It is one of the most well known monuments in the world visited by more than 5 million people each year.Built in May 1889 for the Universal Exhibition in celebration of the French Revolution, the tower is located on the southern bank of the Seine River.2. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage? ______ A. the height and location of the tower. B. the material an d cost of the tower. C. the purpose and designer of the tower. D. the weight and volume of the tower.3. The Paris Exhibition mentioned in the passage was held ______A. before May, 1889. B. after the Eiffel Tower was built. C. before the Eiffel Tower was set up. D. when the Eiffel Tower was being built. 4. Which of the following is not true according to the passage? ______A. The construction of the Tower took nearly two years of time. B. People can get on to the top platform by elevator or on foot.C. The Tower was built for no reason.D. The Tower was named after the designer.5. The Eiffel Tower in Paris needs no presentation. The sentence means ______ A. The Tower is so famous that there is no need to recommend it. B. The Tower is too old to mention. C. The Tower is of no reputation and no one needs to know about it. D. The Tower doesn’t need to be recommended because it is a symbol of Paris.(ADBCA)28. Sydney Opera House, the Modern Entertainment Center悉尼歌剧院——现代娱乐中心悉尼歌剧院不仅是悉尼艺术文化的殿堂,更是悉尼的灵魂,是公认的20世纪世界七大奇迹之一。悉尼歌剧院的外观为三组巨大的壳片,耸立在一南北长186米、东西最宽处为97米的现浇钢筋混凝土结构的基座上。歌剧院规模宏大,陈设讲究,演出频繁,每年在悉尼歌剧院举行的表演大约3000场,约二百万观众前往共襄盛举,是全界最大的表演艺术中心之一。除圣诞节和耶稣受难日外,每天开放16小时,平均有10个不同的活动项目,可同时容纳7000余人。symphony concerts, chamber music, opera, dance, singing concerts, pop, jazz and folk concerts, and variety shows.The Opera Theatre is only used for performances of opera, ballet and dance. It is panelled in wood for acoustic reasons, but the ceiling and walls are painted black to allow the audience to pay its attention to the stage.The Drama Theatre is used for performances of drama and dance. This auditorium, like the Opera Theatre, is black but the rather low ceiling is made of refrigerated aluminium panels which help to produce a normal temperature without a draught.The Reception Hall and the large foyers of the Concert Hall and the Opera Theatre can be hired for a wide variety of uses including meetings and conferences, dinners and parties. There are also three restaurants as well as bars in all foyers.Comprehension Questions:1. This passage mainly tells us ______A. the history and location of the Sydney Opera House.B. the functions of the major auditoriums of the Sydney Opera House.C. the number of rooms and seats in the Sydney Opera House.D. the reason why the Sydney Opera House was built.2. Go to ______ if you are interested in dancing.A. the Concert Hall B. the Opera TheatreC. the Drama Theatre D. any of them you like3. The Concert Hall is used for a wide variety of performances. The underlined part means “______”A. a great deal of B. only a few. C. many different kinds of. D. only one kind. 4. ______ is the largest of the five main auditoriums, and ______ is not described in the passage. A. The Concert Hall; the Playhouse B. The Opera Theatre; the Broad-walk Studio C. The Drama Theatre; the Exhibition Hall D. The Reception Hall; the large foyers科罗拉多大峡谷是一个举世闻名的自然奇观,位于美国西部亚利桑那州西北部的凯巴布高原上,大峡谷全长446公里,平均宽度16公里,最大深度1740米,平均谷深1600米,总面积2724平方公里。它是联合国教科文组织选为受保护的天然遗产之一。科罗拉多大峡谷的形状极不规则,大致呈东西走向,总长349公里,蜿蜒曲折,像一条桀骜不驯的巨蟒,匍伏于凯巴布高原之上。科罗拉多河在谷底汹涌向前,形成两山壁立,一水中流的壮观,其雄伟的地貌,浩瀚的气魄,慑人的神态,奇突的景色,世无其匹。有人说,在太空唯一可用肉眼看到的自然景观就是科罗拉多大峡谷。People from all over the world go to see the Grand Canyon. The Grand Canyon is the most attractive canyon in the world. It is a deep gorge, over 200 miles long, cut by the Colorado River in northern Arizona. It is a mile deep and from 4 to 18 miles across at the top, and it covers an area of 1, 000 square miles.There are several ways to see the Grand Canyon. Some people fly out from Phoenix or Las Vegas for a one-day trip. Some go on short hiking trips. Others hike all the way from the North Rim to see the South Rim, camping at night along the way. But most people go by mule-back across the canyon, riding a mule down to the Colorado River and back up to the other rim. This gives them a look at the canyon from the "top down" and from the "bottom up." Every look is difficult, and every one is beautiful.The Bakers have just returned from a trip to the Grand Canyon. If you asked them which they liked best, the "down look" or the "up look", they would probably say "Both." The Bakers made the trip on mule-back with John Begay. John Begay knows the Grand Canyon well.The group started in the early morning when the sun was just coming up and John Begay rode ahead. After him in line came Mr. Baker, Mrs. Baker, Kathy, and her brother Ken. The mules moved slowly and with sure feet. As the Bakers went down further into the canyon, the rocks above took on different shapes, and their color changed with every change from sunshine to shadow.At night the Bakers camped in the canyon, and the next day they reached the top of the other rim. "It has been a fine trip," Mr. Baker said, "I think everyone should see the Grand Canyon." John Begay smiled: "I have been trying to get you here for years," he said, "I knew you would like it."A. by car. B. by air. C. on foot. D. by mule-back.4. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage? ______A. The Grand Canyon is over 320 kilometres long. B. The Grand Canyon covers a large land area. C. It is impossible for visitors to go from one side of canyon to the other.D. We can have a wonderful look either from the top or from the bottom of the canyon.5. The passage mainly tells us ______A. some information about the rocks in the canyon.B. how the Bakers visited the Grand Canyon.C. it is very interesting to make a trip around the Grand Canyon on mule-back.D. something about the Grand Canyon and its beautiful scenery.(BDACD)30. Wall Street, a Famous Street in New York City华尔街——纽约名街华尔街是英文“墙街”的音译。荷兰统治时,在这里筑过一道防卫墙。英国人赶走荷兰人后,拆墙建街,因而得名。这条街上的联邦厅曾是美国第一届国会的所在地,首任总统华盛顿就是在这里宣誓就职的。不过华尔街作为政治中心只是短暂的一瞬,而作为金融中心却一直辉煌夺目,经久不衰。华尔街两旁摩天大楼林立,数不清的银行、信托公司、保险公司和交易所都在这里驻。华尔街是金融和投资高度集中的象征。Wall Street is a famous street in New York City. It got its name from the wooden wall that used to stand where the street now runs.The wall was built in the 1600s. New York was then a Dutch city set up by people coming from Holland in Europe. It was called Amsterdam.The American Indians were not always friends of the Dutch; nor were the English. So the Dutch built the wooden wall to protect their town.The wall is gone now. But Wall Street reminds the people of New York of the Dutch who settled there.A. well-known street called Wall Street.B. crowded town called Amsterdam.C. busy river that runs through the Wall.D. famous wooden wall.3. The wooden wall was built by ______ to protect their town.A. the Indians B. the New Yorkers C. the Europeans D. the Englishmen
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