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引导时间状语从句的特殊形式.doc

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引导时间状语从句的特殊形式.doc
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引导时间状语从句的特殊形式时间状语从句通常由 after,before,when,while,as,once,till,since,as soon as 等从属连词引导。此外还有一些特殊的形式引导时间状语从句。 一、immediately,directly,instantly 用于 as soon as 的意义时也可引导时间状语从句。例: I recognized her immediately/instantly I saw her. 刚一见面,我就认出了她。 I went home directly I had finished work. 我一干完活就回家了。 The machine will start instantly the button is pressed. 一按电钮,机器就立即开动起来。 二、名词 the moment, the minute, the instant 用于 as soon as 时也引导时间状语从句。例:I want to see her the minute that she arrives. 她一到,我就要见她。 We hadn’t met for 20 years,but I recognized him the moment (that) I saw him. 我们已经二十年没见了,可是我一见到他就认出他来。 I recognized him the instant (that) I saw him. 我一见到他就认出他来。 三、名词 the day, the year, every time, each time, next time, last time 等也可用作连词,引 导 时间状语从句。例: He left Europe the year World War Ⅱ broke out. 第二次世界大战爆发那一年他离开了欧洲。 The day (on which) he was inducted,he was not feeling well. 被征入伍那天,他身体不大舒服。 Every time he phones I always seem to be in the bath. 每次他来电话时似乎我都在洗澡。 Each time he came to town he would visit our school. 他每次进城都要到我们学校看看。 He looked much worried (the) last time I saw him. 我上次见到他时他满脸愁容。 The very next time I saw her she was working in London. 我再看到她的时候她正在伦敦工作。 四、从属连词 no sooner.than,hardly/scarcely/barely.when 等也能引导时间状语从句。 如果 no sooner,hardly/scarcely/barely 位于句首,就要用倒装语序。例: He had no sooner/No sooner had he arrived than he was asked to leave again. 他刚到达就又让他离开。 We had hardly begun/Hardly had we begun our walk when it began to rain. 我们刚刚开始散步就下起雨来了。 She had scarcely entered/Scarcely had she entered the room when the phone rang. 她刚进屋,电话就响了。 He had barely/Barely had he arrived when he had to leave again. 他刚刚到就又得走了。
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