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《华盛顿协议》内涵阐释与中国实践——兼谈与新工科建设的实质等效性.doc

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《华盛顿协议》内涵阐释与中国实践——兼谈与新工科建设的实质等效性.doc
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: , , , , , , , , , ; ; ; ; , , , , , , ; , , , , , , + : (2016XJYZD013) The Washington Accord:Connotations Explanation and Chinese Practices On the Substantial CHEN Tao SHAO Yunfei School of Economils and Management, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China; Abstract China has now become a full member of the Washington Accord, marking a forward new step in development of higher education of engineering. In the process of follow-up development, the higher education of engineering must deeply hold three connot - - described the engineering graduates' employment performances as an observation point, and it showed that significant exist contrasts between institutional inertia and the connotation requirements of the Washington face significant changes. There are inherent unity and substantial tivation Finally supply of engineering education quality is footstone to sustain new economy, new industry, new types of business and new technology. Keyword the Washington Accord; the emerging engineering; substantial equivalence; quality of the higher education of engineering; 21 , , , , , , 2005 , 2013 , 2016 , , 18 [1] , , 10 , , , , , , , , 3 : , ? , ? , ? , , , , , , ( , , [2] , 5 : , , , MIT (Joel Moses) [3] , , : (1) ; (2) ; (3) ; (4) ; (5) ; (6) ; (7) ; (8) [4] , , , ( , , , , , , , , OECD (AHELO) , , [5] , , ( , , , , : , , , , , , [6] , : (assessment review) , , ; 6 (periodic review) , 3 3 , ; (continuous monitoring) , (ORT) , (ART) , ORT [7] , , , , , ( ) 2015 , 1 072 , , 478.8 , 524.8 , 55.5 , 13.5 , 1/3, [8] , 55 7 [9] , 2007 2015 , , , , 2007 2015 2008 2009 , 2010 , 93% , ; , , 6 , 46.1%, 4 000 ; , , 6 , 74% , , , , ; , , 6 , 19%, , [10] , , , , , 1999 , , 2002 15%, 2015 , 40%, , , 25 , 30 , 30 , , , , (employment rates) , (graduation rates) , [11] 20 90 , OECD [12] 2010 , 31 , 4 33.9%, 6 58.7% , 4 31.3%, 6 56.0%[13] , , , , , ( ) , , , , , , 2.0 3.0 , 2.0 3.0 4.0 [14] , 2017 2 18 , ;4 8 ;6 9 , , , , , 2010 , 7 , : (1) ( ) ; (2) ( ) ; (3) ( ) ; (4) ( ) ; (5) ( ) ; (6) ( ) ; (7) ( ) : 2020 , 15% [15] , 2016 , 22 , 1 401 [14] ( 1) 1 2010 , , : (1) ; (2) ; (3) ; (4) ; (5) ( ) ; (6) ( ) ; (7) , , ,
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