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格列佛游记中英对照.pdf

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格列佛游记中英对照.pdf
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Gulliver's Travels格列佛游记简介格列佛于1699年开始第一次旅行,在海上遇到风暴,到了一个叫做利力浦特的国家,那儿的人只有15厘米高。他后来逃走了,回到家乡。可是不久又进行下一次旅行,先是到布罗卜丁奈格,然后是勒皮他和拉格奈格,最后到了更为奇怪的慧骃国……作为一个年轻人,格列佛为人类、为他的祖国——英国而自豪。他在这些奇特的国家旅行,与巨人、魔术师和马交谈,开始时他还为他们的异常主张和奇怪看法感到好笑。但是随着时光流逝,他开始困惑,扪心自问:“为什么我们人类要进行 、 、 、有更好的 · 特1667年 于 ,1745年 。他的¡¢£ ⁄¥时ƒ§ 进行了currency1'“«,不‹他自›fifl人们 。他–†‡·一的 ¶•来‚„”人。»格列佛游记…是他最有‰的作 。1 A voyage to Lilliput1 A voyage to LilliputI was born in Nottinghamshire and was the third of fivesons¿My father was not a rich man,but he was able to send me to CambridgeUniversity,where I studied for threeyears¿When I left college,Icontinued my studies and became a doctor¿ButI always wanted to travel,and so I madeseveral voyages as a ship's doctor¿WhenI married my wife Mary,however,Iplanned to stay at home for a while¿Butafter a few years I discovered I was not earning enough money from my patients¿Idecided to go to sea again,and this timeI joined a ship sailing to the islands in the South Pacific Ocean¿Westarted our journey from Bristol on May 4th,1699¿At first our voyage went well¿Wesailed across the Atlantic,round thecoast of Africa and into the Indian Ocean¿Butbefore we could reach the Pacific,aviolent storm hit us and drove us to the north-west of Tasmania¿Thewind drove our ship on to a rock, whichbroke the ship in half¿Some of thesailors and I managed to get a boat into the water,andwe rowed away to look for land¿But whenwe were too tired to row any more,agreat wave hit our small boat,and we allfell into the sea¿I do not know whathappened to my companions,but I supposethey were all drowned¿The wind and waves pushed me along as I struggled to keepmy head above water¿I became very tiredand soon felt I could not swim any more¿Luckily,justthen my feet touched the ground¿I walkedout of the sea and on to a beach,wherethere was no sign of any people or houses¿Iwas so exhausted that I lay down and went to sleep¿第 1 ` ´ 53 `http://www.en8848.com.cn/ ˆ˜英¯˘˙¨When I woke up next morning, andtried to get up,I could not move¿Iwas lying on my back and my whole body, myarms and legs were strongly fastened to the ground¿Evenmy hair,which was long and thick,wastied to the ground¿The sun began to growhot,and I was very uncomfortable¿SoonI felt something alive moving along my leg and up my body to my face,andwhen I looked down,I saw a very smallhuman being,only fifteen centimetrestall¿He had a bow and arrow in his hands,andthere were forty more of these little men fol lowinghim¿I was so surprised that I gave agreat shout¿They all jumped back,veryfrightened,and some hurt themselves byfalling off my body¿Meanwhile,Iwas struggling to unfas ten myself,butjust as I managed to pull my left arm free of the ropes,Ifelt a hundred arrows land on my free hand,andmore arrows on my face and body¿This wasvery painful,and made me cry aloud¿Ilay quietly,to see what would happennext¿When they saw I was no longer struggling,theyquickly built a platform next to my head,andan official climbed up there to speak to me¿AlthoughI could not understand his lan guage,Iunderstood that they would be friendly towards me-if I did not try to harmthem¿By now I was extremely hungry,soI used sign language to beg the official for food¿Heseemed to understand me,becauseimmediately ladders were put against my sides and little men climbed up withbaskets of food and drink¿They weresurprised at how much I could eat and drink¿Injust one mouthful I ate three of their meat dishes and three of their loavesof bread¿I drank two of their barrels ofwine,and was still thirsty,becausethat was only half a litre¿While theywere bringing me food,I wondered whetherto pick up a handful of the little men and throw them to their death¿ButI was afraid they would shoot at me again,andanyway I was grateful for their kindness in giving me food and drink,soI did not move¿After some time,anotherofficial climbed up to the platform and spoke to me¿Fromhis signs I understood that they were going to move me¿TheKing of this country˚which was calledLilliput¸had ordered his people to carryme to the capital city,about a kilometreaway¿I made signs to ask whether I couldbe untied,but the official politelyrefused¿While I was eating,aplatform had been prepared to carry me¿Thepeople of Lilliput,known as theLilliputians,are very intelligent andclever with their hands¿For me,fivehun-dred men built a special wooden platform with twenty twowheels¿Nine hundred of the strongest menworked for about three hours to lift me on to the platform,andone thousand five hundred of the King's largest horses˚eacheleven and a half centimetres high¸pulledme to the capital¿I did not know aboutany of this,because they had put asleeping powder in my wine, and I was ina deep sleep¿The King had decided I would stay in the largest availablebuilding,just outside the city gates¿Itsdoor was only a metre high and half a metre wide,soI could only just get inside on my hands and knees¿Myguards put ninety one chains on my leftleg,so that I could not escape¿Thenthey cut the ropes that tied me and I was able to get to my 第 2 ` ´ 53 `http://www.en8848.com.cn/ ˆ˜英¯˘˙¨feet¿AsI stood up,I heard cries of astonishmentall around me¿I felt rather miser able,butat least I could walk about now,in atwo-metre cir-cle¿I was certainly aninteresting sight for the Lilliputians,whohad come out of the city in crowds of several thousand to see me¿Now I had a good view of the countryside¿Thefields looked like flowerbeds in a garden,andeven the tallest trees were on-ly two metres high¿I was soon visited by the King himself¿Hehas a strong,handsome face,andis very popular among his people¿Hear-rived with his Queen,his children,andhis lords and ladies,all dressed inbeautiful gold and silver clothes¿Inorder to make conversation easier,I layon my side so that my face was close to him¿ Ispoke to him in all the languages I knew, butwe still could not understand each other¿The King ordered his people to make me a bed,usingsix hundred Lilliputian beds¿It was notvery comfortable,but it was better thansleeping on the stone floor¿He orderedthe crowds of sightseers to go back to their homes, sothat the work of the country could continue and I would not be annoyed¿Fora long time he discussed with his lords in private what should be done with me¿Iwas told all this later by a good friend of mine¿Clearly,sucha large person could be a danger to his small people¿Atlast it was decided that, as I hadbehaved so well up to now,I would bekept alive¿Food and drink would bebrought to me every day from all the vil lages,sixhundred people would be my servants,threehun dred men would make me a new suit,andsix teachers would teach me their language¿And so in about three weeks I began to speak the languageof Lilliput¿The King often visited me,and every time he came,Iasked him to take off my chains¿Heexplained that first I must promise not to fight against Lilliput or hurt Lil liputians,andthat I must be searched for weapons¿Iagreed to both these things and carefully picked up two of his officers in myhands¿I put them first in one pocket,thenmoved them to all my other pockets,excepttwo which I kept secret¿As they searched,theywrote down in a notebook details of all the things they found¿Afterwards I read some of their report:In the second coat pocketwe found two very large pieces of wood,andinside them were great pieces of metal,verysharp¿In another pocket there was a mostwonderful engine,at the end of a longchain¿The engine was inside a huge roundcon tainer,whichwas made half of silver and half of another metal¿Thissecond metal was very strange as we could see through it to some mysteriouswriting and pictures¿The en ginemade a continuous loud noise¿˝The officers could not guess what these things were,but they were,ofcourse,my two pocket knives and my watch¿Theyalso found my comb,a purse with severalgold and silver coins,my gun and bullets¿第 3 ` ´ 53 `http://www.en8848.com.cn/ ˆ˜英¯˘˙¨The King wanted to know what the gun was used for¿Bring it out,˝heordered me, and show me how it works¿˝I took the gun out and put a bullet into it¿Den't be afraid,˝Iwarned the King¿ Then I fired the guninto the air¿It was the loudest noise the Lilliputians had ever heard¿Hundredsof them thought they were dead,and felldown¿The King himself was veryfrightened¿As I gave my gun to theofficials to keep,I warned them to becareful with it¿They allowed me to keepall my other things,and I hoped that oneday soon I would be free¿1 到利力浦特我 在˛丁ˇ—,在 个 行第†。 不 ,不‹还是 我上 ,那儿我 了†年。我Æ开 后 ª ,¥了‰ 。可是我 旅行,Ł¥了Ø , 海旅行了好Œ次。我º了 后, 在家æ一些时 。 ‹Œ年,我ı 人 上ł不了¢ø 。我 œ次 海,这次ß上的是开 洋的轮Ø。我们于1699年5月4日ı布里 托 启程。起初航行很顺利。我们穿‹ 西洋,绕‹非洲海岸,进入印度洋。可是到达 洋以前,飓风« 我们,我们被刮到塔 马尼亚的西北。飓风使我们的Ø撞上了礁石,–Ø劈为两半。我和一些水手–救 艇放下水,划开 寻找陆地。我们累得œ也划不动时,一个巨浪打 了我们的小Ø,我们 落入海水里。我不清楚我的同伴怎么样了,不‹我猜他们 淹死了。我挣扎着–头露 水面,而风浪推动着我漂流。我精疲力竭,觉得œ也游不动了。幸亏那时我的脚刚好踩到了陆地。我ı海里走上海岸,四处绝无有人烟的迹象。我已累到极点,躺下Ł睡着了。第二天我醒了 起来时,却动弹不得。我仰躺着,双手双足 牢牢地固 在地上。甚至连我的头 ,已经又长又密了,也被固 到地上。 阳开始变得晒人了,我很不舒服。很快我觉察到有 物沿着腿向躯体和脸爬来,我向下看,看见了一个小人,只有15厘米高。他手 拿着 ,后面还有40¢个这样的小人 着。我 得 叫了一 。他们 得 后 ,有些人ı我 上 下 还fl了 。同时,我挣扎着 开自›,¥我 挣 了 的 时,我感到有 只 落在 手上,更¢的落在脸上和 上。这 得我 叫起来。我 地躺着,看 下来 什么 。他们看我不œ挣扎了,Ł 在我的头 了一个 ,一个 爬上那儿 我 ¡。¢£我不⁄他的¯¥,我ƒ§他 ⁄我currency1'——只要我不“« ‹他们。那时我已经›极了,Ł•手fi¯向这个 要fl物。他 –ƒ§了我的†‡,·为 ¶有• ‚在我 „,小人们”着fl物和»…爬上来了。他们非常 我那么 ‰ 。只是一¿我Ł‰下了他们的†个 `、†´面ˆ。我 了他们两˜¯还是很˘,·为那只有半˙。他们¨我拿fl物来时,我在 是 要˚¸Œ个小人–他们 死在地上。可是我‹˝他们又向我放 ,而˛我无ˇ怎么 还是感—他们好心¨我 fl物来, 以我Ł 有动。第 4 ` ´ 53 `http://www.en8848.com.cn/ ˆ˜英¯˘˙¨‹了一 时 , 一个 爬上 来⁄我 ¡。ı他的手fi我ƒ§他们要–我 走。这个国家˚叫做利力浦特¸的国 他的 –我 到 ,Æ这 有一 里 。我作手fi问是 可以 开我,这个 有 地 绝了。我‰Æ时,已经 ª好了一个 来 走我。利力浦特人很 ƒ,手又 。为了我500人Ł了一个有22个轮 的特Ø 。900个最Œº的 人 了 不¢3个小时–我上 ,1500 国 最巨 的马˚ 个11.5厘米高¸拉着我 。我自› 不æ 这些,·为他们在我的¯ 放了 ı,我处于 睡 。国 我æ在最 的 ł物里,这个 ł物Ł在øœß。 ł物的œ只有1米高半米 ,我只有四 • 进 。我的看 在我的 腿上拴了有91个环的锁链,以免我逃跑。然后他们割断捆我的 ,我 站起来。我站起来时听到周围一片 叹 。我感到很糟糕,但是至ø 在可以在两米·内的圈 里 动了。我肯 是利力浦特人颇感兴趣的奇观,·为有Œ千人 群结队 ø来看我。在乡村¢收眼底。田野像花园 的花床,最高的树也只有两米。不久国 自来看我。他脸长得坚毅、英俊,很fl 戴。他是与 后、 、 主及 和贵妇们一起来的,他们 穿着镶金饰玉的漂亮衣服。为了 谈 便,我„ 躺下,好 脸凑近他。我¢我 æ,•各种¯¥ 他 ¡,但是我们依然不 理 。国 他的 ¨我做了张床,• 了利力浦特人的600张床。这张床 不是十‡舒服,但比睡在石头上要好一些。他 围观的人回到自›的家里,以便这个国家 ª运转,也不致惹怒我。他同他的 们讨ˇ了很长时 如何处置我。这消息是我的一个朋currency1后来告诉我的。显然,如此庞 的人可 ⁄他的渺小的 构 危险。他们最终 ,鉴于到目前为止我表 很好,将留我个 ¿。 天fl物和»…将ı 有的村庄¨我 来,600人作我的仆ı,300人将¨我做套新衣服,6个教师将教我他们的¯¥。以 †周后我开始使•利力浦特人的¯¥。国 经常来看我, 次他来,我 请他 下我的锁链。他 释 , 先我必须¡˛不 利力浦特为敌、不 ‹利力浦特人,而˛要搜 ,看我有 有武器。我同†了这些条件,小心地–他的两个 拈在手 ,先–他们放在一个衣袋里,然后–他们移到别的衣袋里 ,只有两个我的秘密衣袋除ß。他们搜查时,在笔记本上详细地记下了他们找到的 有的东西。后来我˙到他们的部‡报告:“在第二个衣袋里我们找到了两片很 的木´,两者· 是很 的金属,非常锋利。一个衣袋里有个很奇妙的引擎,在长链末端。引擎 在一个 而 的 器里, 器一半是 ,一半是 一种金属做的。第二种金属很特别, ‹ 可以看到奇特的« 。引擎 一种 ª的 。 猜不 这是些什么东西。¥然,那不‹是我的两–小 和表。他们也找到了我的、有Œ 金 的 ˆ、我的 和 弹。国 æ 是 什么•的。第 5 ` ´ 53 `http://www.en8848.com.cn/ ˆ˜英¯˘˙¨“ 来 ,他 我,“ ¨我看 是怎么 作的。 我 , 上一 弹。“不要˝ ,我 先打 ,然后 天 。这是利力浦特人 来听到的最 的 。好Œ 人自觉 ,¡¡¢地,国 自›也 感£⁄。¥我– 交¨ ¥ƒ时,§告他们要小心些。他们 我 有currency1他的 有东西,而我'“不久的一天我将«得自 。2 Life in Lilliput2 Life in LilliputI was careful to behave as well as possible,topersuade the King to give me my freedom¿Lilliputianssoon began to lose their fear of me¿Theycalled me the Man Mountain¿SometimesI lay down and let them dance on my hand,andfrom time to time children came to play games in my hair¿ Bynow I was able to speak their language well¿One day the King invited me to watch the regular entertain ments,whichare greatly enjoyed by him,his family,andhis lords and ladies¿I was mostinterested in the rope dancing¿A very thin rope is fixed thirty centimetresabove the ground¿People who want tobecome the King's most important officials jump and dance on this rope,andwhoever jumps highest with-out falling gets the best job¿Sometimesthe King orders his lords to dance on the rope,toshow that they can still do it¿Thissport is,of course,ratherdangerous,and there are occa sionaldeaths as a result¿It seems a strangeway of choosing of ficials¿There was another interesting entertainment¿TheKing holds a stick in front of him,andsometimes moves it up and down¿One byone, people come up to him and jump overthe stick or crawl under it¿They go onjumping and crawling as the King moves the stick¿Thewinner is the one who jumps and crawls for the longest time,andhe receives a blue ribbon to wear round his waist¿Thesecond best receives a red ribbon,andthe third best gets a green one¿Many ofthe Lil liput lords wear their ribbonsproudly at all times¿I had cer tainlynever seen entertainment like this in any of the countries I had visitedbefore¿Some days later a strange black thing was seen on the beachwhere I had first arrived in Lilliput¿Whenthe people realized it was not alive,theydecided that it must belong to the Man- Mountain,andthe King ordered them to bring it to me¿ Ithought I knew what it was¿When itarrived,it was rather dirty because ithad been pulled along the ground by horses¿ButI was delighted to see that it was in fact my hat¿Ihad lost it in the sea when swimming away from the ship¿I begged the King so often for my freedom that at last heand his lords agreed that I 第 6 ` ´ 53 `http://www.en8848.com.cn/ ˆ˜英¯˘˙¨need not be a prisoner any longer¿However,Ihad to promise certain things:·to help the Lilliputians inwar and peace·to give two hours’warningbefore a visit to their capital,so thatpeople could stay indoors·to be careful not to step onany Lilliputians or their animals·to carry important messagesfor the King if necessary·to help the King's workmencarry heavy stones·to stay in Lilliput untilthe King allowed me to leave¿On his side the King promised I would receive food anddrink,enough for 1,724Lilliputians¿I agreed to everything atonce¿My chains were broken,andI was free at last‹The first thing I did was visit the capital city¿Thepeople were warned,so that they wouldnot be in danger¿I stepped carefullyover the city wall,which was less than ametre high,and walked slowly through thetwo main streets¿It is usually a verybusy city,with shops and markets full ofpeople, but to-day the streets wereempty¿There were crowds watching me fromevery window¿In the middle of the cityis the King's palace¿The King hadinvited me to enter it,so I stepped overthe surrounding wall into the palace garden¿Butunfortunately the palace itself has walls a metre and a half high around it¿Idid not want to damage these walls by trying to climb over them¿SoI walked carefully back out of the city and into the King's park¿HereI cut down several of the largest trees with my knife,andmade two wooden boxes¿When I returned tothe palace with my boxes, I was able tostand on one box on one side of the wall and step on to the other box on theother side¿I lay down on the ground andlooked through the windows,rightinto the King's rooms¿You cannot imaginea more beautiful place to live in¿Therooms and furniture are perfect in every detail¿AsI was looking in, I could see the Queen,surroundedby her lords and ladies¿She kindly puther hand ont of the window for me to kiss¿I think I should give you some general information aboutLilliput¿Most Lilliputians are aboutfifteen centimetres tall¿The
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