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2015年合肥市替牙期儿童家长口腔卫生保健知识知晓情况调查.doc

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2015年合肥市替牙期儿童家长口腔卫生保健知识知晓情况调查.doc
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2015 7 9 , 7 9 2015 5-6 12 , 360 7 9 , 346 , 11.0% ; , 96.0% ; , 54.6% , (P<0.05) 7 9 , , , ; ; ; ; ; (1995-) , , , , E-mail:j6263@163.com (201510366106) Awareness of oral health care knowledge among parents with children during the mixed dentition in Hefei City, 2015 LIN Xin-hai TAO An-qi WANG Ya-nan GAO Qian WANG Chun-di LIU Yue-min CHEN Shuang-shuang JIANG Yong Key Laboratory of Oral Disease Research of Anhui Province, Stomatological College Abstract Objective To investigate the understanding of knowledge concerning oral health care during the mixed dentition among parents with children aged 7-9 years in Hefei City so as to provide basic data for conducting oral health care work in children aged 7-9 years in Hefei City. Methods According to the population density around Hefei City, a total of 12 primary schools were selected in four districts from May to June in 2015. We randomly selected 360 parents of pupils aged 7-9 years based on the principle of proportional equality, and then conducted a questionnaire survey of oral health care knowledge regarding the cognition of abnormal behavior regarding oral hygiene, the awareness of oral health care instruction and the consciousness of hospitalization.Results Three hundred and forty-six valid questionnaires were retrieved. As for the cognition of abnormal behavior regarding oral hygiene, only 11% of the parents knew that tetracycline drugs affected tooth growth. As for the awareness of oral health care instruction, 96% of the parents had the awareness of teaching their children to brush teeth but not in a normative and comprehensive way. As for the consciousness of hospitalization, 54.6% of the parents did not regularly take their children to oral hospital for examination, and some even never paid a visit to the dentist. There were statistically significant differences in the degree of awareness of oral health care knowledge and the related behavior and attitude among the parents ( all P<0.05) . Conclusions The parents of pupils aged 7-9 years in Hefei City have a basic understanding of oral health care knowledge during the mixed dentition, and yet it still needs to be improved, especially in cultivating pupils' self-awareness of oral health care. We should make efforts to let parents grasp correct and normative pediatric oral health care knowledge, improve the parents' recognition degree of pediatric oral hygiene and care during the mixed dentition and implement them in daily life. Keyword children with mixed dentition; parents; oral health care; teaching awareness; oral health knowledge; attitude and practice; , , , , , 7~9 , , ; , , , 7~9 , , 1 1.1 7~9 ( , ) 1.2 12 , 360 360 , 346 1.3 (WHO) , , (6 ) (10 ) , (5 ) 21 1.4 2015 5-6 , , , 1.5 1.6 Epi Data , SPSS 19.0 , , 2 2.1 , 87.3% 85.8%; , ; , 11.0% ; , 20.2% 1 1 2.2 , 87.0% 98.8%; , 73.0% , 20.5% 2 2 2 2.3 , , 45.4%, 22.3% ;17.9% ;56.1% , 25.1% , 3 3 2.4 , 45.4% (157/346) , , , (P<0.05) 4 4 13.6%, 72.0%, 14.5% , (P<0.05) 5 5 3 3.1 6 12 , , , , [1] , , , , , , , 3.2 , 85% ;85.5% ; , , , 88.0% ;79.8% ; 4.0% [2-4], , , , , , [7-9] , , , , 3.3 , 6 ( , , , , , , , , , , , , [5] , , , , 45.4% ;17.9% ; 73.1% , , , , [6] , 18.8%, , 25.1% , , , , 56.1% , , , , , , , [10] , , , , , [1] , , . [J]. , 2012, 41 (2) :135-138. [2] . [M]. : , 2005:1-30. [3] , , , . 7~9 [J]. , 2012, 28 (6) :760-765. [4] , , , . 7~9 [J]. , 2015, 33 (1) :54-57. [5] , , .300 [J]. , 2012, 37 (6) :557-559. [6] , . [J]. , 2013, 40 (4) :467-470. [7]Keene EJ, Skelton R, Day PF, et al.The dental health of children subject to a child protection plan[J].Int J Paediatr Dent, 2015, 25 (6) :428-435. [8]Blinkhorn A, Blinkhorn F.Preventing dental decay in young children requires all primary health care professionals to work together[J].J Paediatr Child Health, 2014, 50 (6) :423-424. [9]Castilho A, Mialhe FL, Barbosa T, et al.Influence of family environment 89 (2) :116-123. [10] , , , . [J]. , 2015, 30 (6) :107-110.
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