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新译林英语五年级上册5A知识点资料.doc

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新译林英语五年级上册5A知识点资料.doc
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\第 1 页新译林英语五年级上册 5A 复习资料Unit 1 Goldilocks and the three bears一、单词(默写) 1.bear 熊 2.forest 森林 3.there(与 be 连用)有 4.house 房子 5.soup 汤 6.just right 正合适 7.room 房间 8.hard 硬的 9.soft 柔软的 10.afraid 害怕的11. their 他们的 12.her 她(宾格) 13.help 救命 14.beside 在……旁边15.between 在……中间 16.really 真正地 17.then 然后 18.find 找到,发现 19. in front of 在……前面二、词组 (默写)1、in the forest 在森林里 2、 a beautiful house 一座漂亮的房子3、 hungry and thirsty 又饿又渴 4、some soup 一些汤5、 too cold/hot 太冷/热 6、 in the room 在房间里 7、too hard/soft 太硬/ 软 8、three bears 三只熊9、have some cakes 吃些蛋糕 10、in the kitchen 在厨房里11、 in the fridge 在冰箱里 12、find their cousin 发现他们的表弟三、句型(默写)1. There is a house in the forest.在森林里有一个房子。 2. There is some soup on the table.在桌子上有一些汤。3. There are three bears in front of her.在她前面有三只熊。4. This soup is too cold.这汤太冷了。 5. What a beautiful house! 多么漂亮的房子!6. She is hungry and thirsty.她是又饿又渴。7.Bobby cannot(can’t) see any cakes in the fridge. 波比看不到冰箱里有蛋糕。 \第 2 页四.语法点(理解)1.There be 句型表示“某处有某物”(1)其中 there is 用于单数名词或不可数名词,如:There is a pencil case in the school bag. There is some soup/milk /tea/coffee/juice/water/chocolate.(2)There are 用于可数名词的复数,如: There are some desks in the classroom. (3)There be 句型的就近原则: be 动词后面如果跟的是不止一种物品,就根据离它最近的物品选用 is 或 are.如:There are some pictures and a telephone. There is a telephone and some pictures. 2.There be 句型的否定形式:在 be 动词的后面加 not(is not 可以缩写为 isn't,are not可以缩写为 aren't)把 some 改成 any。 例:There is a pencil in the pencil-box.(改为否定句) There isn't a pencil in the pencil-box. There are some crayons on the desk.(改为否定句) There aren't any crayons on the desk. 3.“some”和“any”都有 “一些”的意思. “some”一般用于肯定句, “any”用于否定句和一般疑问句。但在一些表示委婉请求,想得到对方肯定回答的疑问句中,也用“some”. 例:1.There are some watermelons in the basket.(肯定句) 2.There aren't any birds in the tree.(否定句) 3.Are there any toy trains on the table?(疑问句)4.Would you like some tea?(表委婉请求) 4.can 在否定句中的用法:表示某人不能做某事时,通常在 can 后面加否定词 not, 后面加动词原形。 Bobby cannot(can’t) see any cakes in the fridge. \第 3 页5. 感叹句的结构:感叹句常用 how 或 what 来引导 (1 ) what 引导的感叹句 a.What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数!What a beautiful house! b.What+形容词 +可数名词复数! What nice dresses! c. What+形容词+不可数名词! What delicious milk! (2)how 引导的感叹句 How+形容词/ 副词! How nice! \第 4 页Unit 2 A new student一、单词(默写)1.student 学生 2.classroom 教室 3.floor 楼层 4.computer 电脑 5. first 第一,首先 6.second 第二 7.third 第三 8.playground 操场 9.swing 秋千 10.push 推 11.heavy 重的 12.stop 停下 13.high 高的 14.great 很多的,极大的二、词组(默写)1.a new student 一名新学生 2.show ……around 带领……参观3.how many classrooms 多少间教室 4.in our school 在我们学校里5.some computer rooms 一些电脑室 6.a music room 一间音乐室7.on the third floor 在三楼 8. a table tennis room 一间乒乓球室9.go and have a look 去看看 10.sing and dance 又唱又跳11.drink some nice juice 喝些美味的果汁 12.go to the cinema 去电影院13.have a nice ice cream 吃一个美味的冰淇淋 14.in the playground 在操场上15.go and play 去玩一玩 16.on the swing 在秋千上17.so heavy 真的重 18.too high 太高19.great fun 很有趣 20.play again.再玩一次21.go home 回家 22.an art room 一间美术室三、句型(默写)1.Can you show her around ? 你能带领她参观吗?2.How many classrooms are there in our school ? 在我们学校有多少间教室?3.Our classroom is on the second floor.我们教室在二楼。4.Are there any computer rooms ? 有一些电脑室吗?5.Is there a music room ? 有电脑室吗?\第 5 页6.Let’s go and have a look. 让我们去看看。四、语法点(理解)1.How many.(可数名词复数) are there.? 用于询问某处有多少.例:How many classrooms are there in our school?2.There be 的一般疑问句, 是将 be 动词提前到 there 的前面,表示“有?”(1)Is there.? Yes, there is ./ No, there isn’t .例:Is there a music room ?(2)Are there any.? Yes, there are./ No, there aren’t.例:Are there any books?3.几个缩写 isn’t = is not aren’t= are not it’s = it is they’re= they are4.序数词 one ----- first two --- second three---- third four---fourth five---fifth six---sixth 5. 在楼层前用介词 on , on the first /second/ third floor 在一/ 二/三楼.\第 6 页Unit 3 Our animal friends一、词汇our animal friends 我们的动物朋友 two fish 两条鱼 the other 另一个a big tail 一条大尾巴 big bodies 大身体 have no 没有four legs 四条腿 nice wings 漂亮的翅膀 red eyes 红眼睛long ears 长耳朵 big arms 大手臂 big feet 大脚its body 它的身体 your fingers 你的手指 on the farm 在农场上bald eagles 白头秃鹰 polar bears 北极熊 a big kangaroo 一只袋鼠in Canada 在加拿大 in Australia 在澳大利亚 like the rain 喜欢下雨sunny weather 晴朗的天气 come out 出来 carry an umbrella 拿一把雨伞二、句型1. I have two animal friends. 我有两个动物朋友。2. One is red and the other is black. 一个是红的另一个是黑的。3. They have big eyes and big bodies. 它们有大眼睛和大身体。4. They have no legs and arms. 它们没有腿和手臂。5. It has four legs and a short tail. 他有四条腿和一条短尾巴。6. It has two legs and two nice wings. 它有两条腿和一双漂亮的翅膀。7. He has a dog. 他有一只狗。8. She has a bird. 她有一只鸟。9. It can talk and fly. 它既会说话又会飞。10. Do you have an animal friend? Yes, I do. 你有一个动物朋友吗? 是的,我有。11. Does it have a long tail? Yes, it does. 它 有一条长尾巴吗? 是的,它有。12. Does he have a parrot? No, he doesn’t. 他有一只鹦鹉嘛? 不,他没有。\第 7 页13. Does she have two fish? No, she doesn’t. 她有两条鱼吗? 不,她没有。14. Do they have animal friends? No, they don’t. 他们有动物朋友吗? 不,他们没有。15. Those are not legs. 那些不是腿。16. Give it a cake. 给它一个蛋糕。 三、语音Uu / Λ / bus, duck, summer, sun, umbrella, mum, lunch, cup, rubber, run, but, much, jump, Sunday, subject, 4、语法 have / has 的用法1、表示某人有某物。2、主语是第一、第二人称单数和复数时用 have, 如 I, you, we, they, the students …主语是第三人称单数时用 has, 如 he, she, it, Helen, the bird, my father …3、肯定句: … have / has …We have a PE lesson on Monday morning. / It has a long tail.否定句: … don’t / doesn’t +have …They don’t have animal friends. / She doesn’t have a dog. 一般疑问句: Do / Does … have … Yes, …do / does. No, … don’t / don’t. Do you have a football? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. Does he have a toy car? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t. \第 8 页Unit 4 Hobbies一、词汇sing and dance 唱歌跳舞 be good at 擅长于 with my brother 和我弟弟read stories 读故事 in the park 在公园里 play the piano 弹钢琴a lot of 许多 watch films 看电影 talk about 谈论某事my hobby 我的爱好 their hobbies 他们的爱好 in winter 在冬天very well 很好 an idea 一个主意 a great idea 一个好主意this afternoon 今天下午 on the ice 在冰上 be good at skating 擅长溜冰a big hole 一个大洞 in the ice 在冰里 cold and wet 又冷又湿like climbing 喜欢爬山 like swimming 喜欢游泳 like drawing 喜欢画画play basketball 打篮球 play table tennis 打乒乓 play football 踢足球二、句型1. What do you like doing? 你喜欢干什么?I like playing basketball and football. 我喜欢打篮球和踢足球。2. I can play basketball well, but I’m not good at football. 我篮球打得很好,但我不擅长足球。3. He likes playing football too. 他也喜欢踢足球。4. She also likes playing the piano. 她也喜欢弹钢琴。5. They both like swimming. 她们都喜欢游泳。6. What does he like doing? 他喜欢干什么?He likes drawing. 他喜欢画画。7. What does she like doing ? 她喜欢干什么?She likes reading stories. 她喜欢读故事。8. What do they like doing? 她们喜欢干什么?\第 9 页They like watching films. 她们喜欢看电影。9. Sam and Billy talking about their hobbies. 山姆和比利谈论他们的爱好。10. Let’s go skating this afternoon. 咱们今天下午去滑冰。11. Look out! 小心!12. There is a hole in the ice. 冰里有一个洞。13.Do you like wearing yellow? 你喜欢穿黄色的衣服? 14. We all like climbing very much. 我们都十分喜欢爬山。 三、语音Yy / j / year, yes, yellow, you, young四、语法1. 询问别人喜欢干某事,What do/ does … like doing ? 喜欢干某事 like doing sth, doing 表示喜欢经常做一件事。主语是第三人称单数时注意 like 后面加 s. 不喜欢干某事 don’t/ doesn’t like doing sth 2.动名词的变化规律:a. 一般情况下在动词后面加 ing. 如 going, reading, drawing, playing…b. 以不发音的字母 e 结尾的动词,去 e 再加 ing. 如 dancing, making…c. 以“元音+辅音”结尾的重读闭音节单词,先双写辅音字母再加 ing. 如 swimming, running, getting, putting…\第 10 页Unit5 What do they do【单词】1. teacher 老师 2. teach 教 3. writer 作家 4.write 写 5.work 工作 6.at home 在家 7.doctor 医生 8.help 帮助 9.sick 生病 10.people 人,人们 11.factory 工厂 12.worker 工人 13.cook 厨师 14.driver 驾驶员,司机 15.farmer 农民 16.nurse 护士 17.policeman 警察【词组】1. teach English 教英语 2. a lot of students =lots of students 许多学生3. What about.?= How about? 怎么样 4. an English teacher 一位英语教师5. write stories 写故事 6. work at home 在家工作7. help sick people 帮助生病的人 8. a factory worker 一个工厂工人9. make sweets 做糖果 10. a lot of sweets 许多糖果11. a nice car 一辆漂亮的小汽车 12. make cars 制造汽车13. so many cars 这么多汽车 14. fly in the sky 在空中飞15. I wish 我希望 【句子】1. What does your father do? 你的爸爸做什么的?2. My father is a teacher. 我的爸爸是个老师。3. He teaches English. 他教英语。4. He has a lot of students. 他有许多学生。5. What about your mother? 你妈妈呢?6. Is she an English teacher too? 她也是个英语老师吗?7. She’s a writer. 她是个作家。8. She writes stories. 她写故事的。\第 11 页9. She works at home. 她在家工作。10. My father is a doctor. 我的爸爸是个医生。11. He helps sick people. 他帮助生病的人。12. My mother is a factory worker. 我的妈妈是个工厂的工人。13. She makes sweets. 她做糖果的。14. Who’s that? 那是谁?15. There are so many cars. 有那么多车。16. Your father can’t go now. 你爸爸不能走了现在。【语法知识】1. 如何询问他人的职业1)What does + 某人 ( your father, David.)do ?He / She is a / an +职业(farmer, teacher, doctor.)例如:What does your father do? He is a doctor. 你爸爸做什么的? 他是一个医生。还可以这么问他人的职业:2)What is + 某人? What is your father? 你爸爸做什么的?3)What’s somebody’s job? What’s your father’s job? 你爸爸做什么的?2. 询问“你”的职业1) What’s your job? 你是做什么的?I am an English teacher. 我是一个英语老师。2)What do you do? 你是做什么的I am a worker. 我是一名工人。\第 12 页动词在第三人称单数形式的变化规则规则 例词一般情况下,直接在动词的词尾加-s。 run - runs look - looks see -sees say -says以-s, -sh, -ch, -x, -o 结尾的动词,一般在词尾加-es.teach-teaches go-goes fix-fixes wash-washes pass-passes以辅音字母加 y 结尾的动词,先边 y 为 i, 再加-es.study-studies try- tries以元音字母加 y 结尾的动词,直接在词尾加-s。play-plays stay-stays注意:go( 三单 )——goes have(三单)——has五、作文 My familyThere are three people in my family. They are my father , my mother and I . My father is a teacher. He works in a school. He goes to school by car. My mother is a doctor. She works in a hospital. She helps sick people. She likes reading books. I am a student. I like playing football . I love my family.\第 13 页Unit 6 my e-friend一、词汇my e-friend 我的网友 in the playground 在操场上 wait a minute 等一会send this email 发这封电子邮件 live in the UK 住在英国 eleven years old 11 岁speak Chinese 讲中文 have Chinese lessons 有语文课 at school 在学校study Chinese 学习汉语 after school 放学后 what subjects 什么学科like Maths and PE 喜欢数学和体育 don’t worry 别担心 swim well 游得好eat fish 吃鱼 at a snack bar 在一家小吃店 go fishing 去钓鱼be good at fishing 擅长钓鱼 teach you 教你 sit by the river 坐在河旁many fish 许多鱼 live in Canada 住在加拿大 be good at English 擅长英语in Australia 在澳大利亚 in China 在中国 tomorrow morning 明天早上know about these countries 了解这些国家 in winter 在冬天 turn to ice 变成冰 the winter weather 冬天的天气 wear warm clothes 穿暖和的衣服 Chinese addresses 中文地址 write English addresses 写英文地址know about your e-friends 了解你的网友们二、句型1. Do you have an e-friend? 你有一位网友吗? Yes, I do. 是的,我有。2. Do they like swimming? 他们喜欢游泳吗? No, they don’t. 不,他们不喜欢。3. Does he have Chinese lessons? 他有语文课吗? Yes, he does. 是的,他有。 4. Does she like singing? 她喜欢唱歌吗? No, she doesn’t. 不,她没有。5. What subjects does he like? 他喜欢什么学科?He likes Maths and PE. 他喜欢数学和体育。6. What subjects does she like? 她喜欢什么学科? \第 14 页She likes Music and Art.她喜欢音乐和美术。7. Let me send this email to my e-friend. 让我给网友发个电子邮件。8. Where does he live? 他住在哪里? He lives in the UK. 他住在英国。9. How old is he? 他几岁了? He’s 11 years old. 他 11 岁。10. Can he speak Chinese? 他会讲汉语吗? Yes, he can. 是的,他会。11. What does he do after school? 放学后他做什么? He studies Chinese. 他学汉语。12. What do fish eat? 鱼吃什么? They eat apples. 它们吃苹果。13. Bobby waits and waits. 波比等呀等。14. Let’s go fishing tomorrow. 让我们明天去钓鱼。 I can teach you. 我会教你。15. In winter, water turns to ice. 在冬天,水变成冰。16. And sometimes it snows. 有时候下雪。17. We write Chinese addresses like this. 我们像这样写中文地址。三、语音Ww / w / watch water week winter woman weather we always wearwarm write swing wing with wet work worker wait worry四、语法1. Does he / she …? 一般疑问句句中没有 be 动词,变为一般疑问句要借助助动词 do / does。助动词形态由主语的人称决定。Does he / she …? 主语为第三人称单数,用 does 其结构为:Does +主语+谓语动词+其他?2. What subjects does … like? 特殊疑问句\第 15 页这个句子用来询问他人喜欢什么科目的疑问句。用于第三人称单数,在本句中用助动词does。注意回答时 like 后面要加 s。Unit 7 At weekends一、单词(要求会读、会背、会默写)1.参观 visit 2.祖父,祖母,外祖父,外祖母 grandparent 3.经常 often 4.总是 always 5.聊天 chat 6.网络,互联网 Internet 7 有时 sometimes 8.那里 there 9.春天 spring 10.夏天 summer 11.秋天 autumn 12.冬天 winter二、词组(要求会读、会背、会默写)1.在周末 at weekends 2.看望我的爷爷奶奶 visit my grandparents 3.吃晚饭 have dinner 4.和……一起玩 play…with… 5.和他们的猫一起玩 play with their cat 6.放风筝 fly a kite7.我们的父母 our parents 8.住在英国 live in the UK 9.在网上聊天 chat on the Internet 10.和她的网友聊天 chat with her e-friend 11. 和他/她聊天 chat with him/her 12.和他们聊天 chat with them 13.怎么样 what about 14.去电影院 go to the cinema15.上舞蹈课 have dancing lessons 16.踢足球 play football 17.野餐 have a picnic 18.她的/ 他的朋友们 her/his friends 19.去公园 go to the park 20.我的家人 my family21.在公园里 in the park 22.拜访李老师 visit Miss Li 23.给我们看花 show us the flowers 24.看电视 watch TV 25.吃很多 eat a lot 26.打篮球 play basketball 27.去游泳 go swimming 28.出来 come out 29.出去 get out 30.去野餐 go and have a picnic 31.太胖 too fat 32.喜欢野餐 like picnics \第 16 页33.喜欢打篮球 like playing basketball 34.我的父母 my parents35.上课 have lessons 36.非常喜欢猫 like cats very much 37.一朵漂亮的玫瑰 a nice rose三、句型(要求会读、会背、会默写)1.What do you do at weekends ?I usually visit my grandparents at weekends.你在周末做什么?我通常看望我的祖父母。2.What does she do at weekends? She sometimes goes to the cinema with her friends.她在周末做什么?她有时和她的朋友们去看电影。3.What do they do at weekends? They often fly a kite and have a picnic.她们在周末做什么?他们经常放风筝和野餐。4.Su Yang and I like playing with their cat very much.我和苏洋非常喜欢和他们的猫玩。5.I sometimes go to the park with my family.我有时和我的家人去公园。6.She always has dancing lessons at weekends.她在周末总是上舞蹈课。7.My grandparents live in the Uk. I usually chat with them on the Internet.我的祖父母住在英国。我通常在网上和他们聊天。8.Nancy often has dinner with her grandparents.南希经常和她的祖父母一起吃晚饭。9.I don’t like playing basketball.我不喜欢打篮球。10.He doesn’t like playing basketball.他不喜欢打篮球。11.Billy is too fat. He can’t get out. Billy 太胖了。他不能出去了。12.Football is very popular in the UK.足球在英国很受欢迎。13.Baskettball is very popular in the US.篮球在美国很受欢迎。14.Table tennis is very popular in China.乒乓球在中国很受欢迎。四、语法:1.频率副词 always , usually, often , sometimes ,按其频率高低排列为:always usually often sometimes。2. 询问某人在周末做什么的句型— What (do /does ) 主语 do at weekends?\第 17 页答句: 主语+动词原形 /动词三单形式…….★do / does: 助动词, 由主语的人称数而定 . 主语是第三人称单数时 ,用 does, 主语是第一人称、第二人称、第三人称复数时,用 do. ★答句: 如果主语是第三人称单数,则要用动词三单形式;主语是第一人称、第二人称、第三人称复数时用动词原形。\第 18 页Unit 8 At Christmas一、单词1.Christmas 圣诞节 *2.buy 买 3.present 礼物 *4.next 接着,然后 5. thing 东西,物品 6.pretty 漂亮的 *7. put 放 *8.look 看起来 9.stocking 长筒袜 *10.finally 最后 *11.early 早早地 12.turkey 火鸡;火鸡肉 13.pudding 布丁 14.all 全部 15.card 卡片 16.children 孩子,儿童 17.message 信息,消息 *18.song 歌曲 *19.him 他 *20.us 我们 *21.letter 信 22.storybook 故事书 *23.after 在…以后 二、短语*1.玩得开心, 过得愉快,玩得高兴 have a good time /have a lot of fun *2.在圣诞节 at Christmas = on Christmas *3.看起来很棒/伤心 look great/sad*4.买礼物给某人 buy presents for sb. ( buy presents for me/you/him/her/us/my parents/Mike,etc ) *5.去看圣诞老人 go to see Father Christmas *6.在圣诞树下 under the Christmas tree 平安夜 Christmas Eve *7.唱圣诞歌曲 sing Christmas songs*8. 向上跳 jump up *9.圣诞快乐!Merry Christmas! *10.放一些好看的东西 put some pretty things *11.等待礼物 wait for presents *12.吃大餐,吃一顿丰盛的午餐/ 晚餐 have a
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