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类型英文写作高级词汇替换.ppt

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    1、英文写作高级词汇替换,目录,形容词,Example: 1. 贫穷的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-strickenWe should right the poor and the oppressed.我们应当公正对待穷人和受压迫的人民。Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计。Money and food were sent to the impoverished drought victims.给贫困的灾

    2、民送去了救济金和粮食。They are trying to build up funds to relieve the poverty-stricken families.他们设法筹集资金来救济非常贫困的家庭。,1. 贫穷的:poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken 2. 富裕的:rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off 3. 优秀的:excellent = eminent = top = outstanding 4. 积极的,好的:good = conducive = benefic

    3、ial=advantageous 5. 消极的,不良的:bad = detrimental= baneful =undesirable 6. 明显的:obvious = apparent = evident =manifest 7. 健康的: healthy = robust = sound = wholesome 8. 惊人的:surprising = amazing = extraordinary = miraculous,9. 美丽的:beautiful = attractive = gorgeous = eye-catching 10. 有活力的:energetic = dynamic

    4、 = vigorous =animated 11. 流行的: popular = prevailing = prevalent= pervasive 12.普遍的:everywhere=widespread=prevalent=overflowRampant 13.好的:good=beneficial=advantageous 14.有害的:harmful=inhumane=detrimental=baneful 15.富有的:rich=wealthy=affluent 16.贫穷的:poor=impoverished 17.严重的:serious=severe 18.明显的:obvious=

    5、manifest=apparent=evident 19.便宜的:cheap=economical=inexpensive, 动词:,1. 提高,加强:improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize 2. 引起:cause = trigger = endanger 3. 解决:solve =resolve =address = tackle =cope with = deal with 4. 拆除:destroy = tear down = knock down = eradicate 5. 培养: develop = cultivate

    6、= foster = nurture 6. 激发,鼓励:encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur 7. 认为: think = assert= hold = claim = argue 8. 完成:complete = fulfill = accomplish= achieve 9. 保留:keep = preserve = retain = hold 10. 有害于:destroy = impair = undermine = jeopardize,11.提高:improve=promote=advance=enhance 12.改变:change=tr

    7、ansform 13.强调:emphasize=highlight=stress=address(这是个9星级用法) 14.培养:develop=agriculture=cultivate=nurture 15.破坏:break=impair=undermine这两个词指的是抽象意义上的破坏 jeopardize=devastate 16.保存:keep=preserve=conserve 保护资源 17.解决:deal with=tackle=address(这也是高难度用法,很牛)=resolve 18.需要:need=require=necessitate=call for(这也是个很高

    8、级的用法,奥巴马就用这个), 名词:,1. 影响:influence= impact 2. 危险:danger = perils =hazard 3. 污染:pollution = contamination4. 人类:human beings= mankind = human race 5. 老人: old people= the old = the elderly = the aged = senior citizens 6. 幸福:happiness = cheerfulness = well-being 7. 老师:teachers = instructors = educators

    9、= lecturers 8. 教育:education = schooling = family parenting = upbringing 9. 青少年:young people = youngsters = youths = adolescents 10. 优点:advantage = merits = superiority = virtue,11. 责任: responsibility = obligation = duty = liability 12. 能力: ability = capacity = power = skill 13. 职业: job = career = em

    10、ployment = profession 14. 娱乐: enjoyment = pastimes = recreation= entertainment 15. 孩子: children = offspring = descendant= kid 16.祖先:forefather=ancestor=predecessor 17.不同:difference=gap(简单但是牛)=distinction 18.犯罪:crime=delinquency=criminal=act,19.环境:environment=circumstance=atmosphere=surrounding=ambie

    11、nce 20.污染:pollution=contamination 21.人类:human=the human race=humanity =humankind 22.危险:danger=peril=hazard 23.在当今社会:in modern society=in contemporary society in present-day society=in this day and age, 短语:,1. 充满了:be filled with = be awash with = be inundate with = be saturated with 2. 努力:struggle fo

    12、r = aspire after = strive for = spare no efforts for 3. 从事: embark on = take up = set about = go in for 4. 在当代: in contemporarysociety = in present-day society= in this day and age 5. 大量的: a host of = a multitude of = a vast number of = a vast amount of,插入语,1.indeed的确 9.honestly真的 2.surely无疑 10.brie

    13、fly简单地说 3.however然而 11.strange to say说也奇怪 4.obviously显然 12.needless to say不用说 5.frankly坦率地说 13.most important of all最为重要是 6.naturally自然 14.worse still更糟糕的是 7.luckily (或happily)for sb.算某人幸运 8.fortunately/luckily幸好,15.in other words换句话说 21.of course当然16.in a sense在某种意义上 22.in addition此外 17.in general一

    14、般说来 23.in the first place首先 18.in my view在我看来 24.in fact事实上 19.in conclusion总之 25.to my knowledge据我所知 20.in summary概括地说 26.for instance(或example)例如,27.as a matter of fact事实上 28.strictly speaking严格地说 29.generally speaking一般地说 30.judging from根据判断 31.to be sure无疑 32.to sum up概括地说33.to tell the truth老实说

    15、34.I am sure我可以肯定地说,35事实上:Practically,in practice,essentially,in essence,in reality,in effect,in fact,as a matter of fact,it is a fact that 36换言之:Namely,that is to say,in other words,to put it like this,to put it differently,to put it from another way,to put it from another angle. 37.人:individuals,c

    16、haracters, folks替换people ,persons 38.美好的:positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising (有希望的)perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior替换good,39.有害的:dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill (有害的) be less impressive 40.很多的:(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many,

    17、 if not most)替换many. 41.一些: a slice of, quiet a few , several替换some 42.认为:harbor the idea that,=take the attitude that=hold the view that=it is widely shared that=it is universally acknowledged that)替think (因为是书面语,所以要加that),43.事情:affair ,business ,matter 替换thing 44.共有:shared 代 common 45.很多益处:reap hu

    18、ge fruits 替换get many benefits 46.我认为:for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion 47.越来越多:Increasing(ly),growing 替换more and more increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用increasingly. 48.几乎不:little if anything, 或little or nothing替换hardly 49.有用的:beneficial, rewarding替换helpful,50.顾客:shopper,client,consume

    19、r,purchaser, 替换customer 51.非常:exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换very 52.不必要的:hardly necessary, hardly inevitable . 替换 unnecessary, avoidable 53.有兴趣:sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换sb take interest in / sb. be interested in 54.吸引注意:capture ones attention替换attract ones

    20、attention. 55.方面:facet,demension,sphere代aspect 56.表明、建议、害怕:be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,be fearful of代 indicate, suggest ,fear,57.引起:give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换cause 58. 原因:There are several reasons behind sth 替换reasons for sth 59.想要:desire 替换want 60.注意:pour attention into 替换

    21、pay attention to 61.记住:bear in mind that 替换remember 62. enjoy, possess 替换have(注意process是过程的意思) 63. interaction替换communication,64.否定:frown on sth替换 be against , disagree with sth 65.例如:to name only a few, as an example替换 for example, for instance 66. 几乎:next to / virtually impossible,替换nearly / almost impossible,谢谢观赏,

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