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类型精编外研版必修一_module_2重点知识与练习.doc

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    精编外研版必修一_module_2重点知识与练习.doc
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    1、.外研版必修一 module 2 重点知识与练习.短语检测1确定, 确信;查明 2犯错误 3取得进步 4不断/总是做某事 5结果 6在某方面干得好 7事实上 8睡着 9讲笑话;开玩笑 10厌倦了 11宁愿, 宁可 12适用于, 合乎的事实make sure make a mistake/make mistakes make progress keep doing sth. as a result do well in sth. in fact fall asleep tell jokes get bored (with sth.) would rather be true of .佳句再现1S

    2、hes kind and patient, and she explains English grammar _even I can understand it!她善良耐心, 她解释语法如此清楚甚至于我都能听懂。2She avoids _! Ive always hated _or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English, but Mrs Li just smiles, _you dont feel completely stupid. 她避免让你觉得自己很笨!我一直讨厌说英语时出错或读错单词, 但是李老师只是笑笑, 那样你就不会

    3、感到自己很笨。3We dont dare to say a word _.她不让我们说,我们就不敢说。4She explains exactly what is happening and _ my work is .她能精确解释实验现象, 因此我的成绩进步了。5I think that I will _ the exam _.我想有陈老师教我, 我一定会考好的。6This _ France, Germany, and Spain, _ discipline and respect for the teacher _. 法国、德国和西班牙情况也是这样, 在那儿人们认为守纪律和尊重老师很重要。词

    4、汇学习1 avoid vt. (to prevent sth. bad from happening;to stay away from sb. or sth.) 避免, 逃避, 躲避, 回避 avoid sth./sb. 躲避某事或某人 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事【相关拓展】只跟v. ing形式 (不可用不定式)作宾语的常见动词及动词短语有: mind, risk, practise, keep, consider, miss, suggest, enjoy, delay, admit, escape, finish, appreciate, imagine, give u

    5、p, insist on, cant help, be worth, look forward to, get down to等。【活学活用】(1) Road safety should be taught to young children to_ _.应该教给小孩子们道路安全规则以避免道路事故。(2) I try to avoid _on Saturdays because the stores are so crowded. 我尽量不在星期六上街购物, 因为星期六商店里到处都是人。.2appreciate vt. (to value highly; to be grateful for

    6、sth. that sb. has done )欣赏, 赏识;感激(1) appreciation n 欣赏, 赏识;感激(2) appreciate (one/ones) doing sth. 感激(某人) 做某事【经典句式】I would appreciate it if如果, 我将不胜感激。【温馨提示】enjoy, like, dislike, love, hate, prefer, appreciate等表示喜好的动词后加it后跟if或when 从句, 构成固定句型。如:I dont like it when people speak with their mouth full.我不喜

    7、欢人们满嘴食物时说话。【活学活用】(1) I really appreciate your _ me that great favour yesterday.我非常感激你昨天帮了我很大的忙。(2) _you could turn the music down. 如果你把音乐调小一些, 我将不胜感激。(3)Her abilities _by her employer.她的才干没有完全得到雇主的赏识。3 admit vt. (to allow sb./sth. to enter)许可进入, 接受某人(入院或入学等);(to say that you have done sth. wrong) 承认

    8、, 供认(常为不情愿地)(1) admission n. 承认;允许进入;入场费(2) admit sb./sth. to/into 允许进入/加入be admitted to/into 被接收(3) admit doing sth. 承认做了【经典句式】It is generally admitted that普遍认为【活学活用】(1) George would never _. 乔治从不认错。 (2)Through her hard work, she _Peking University. 通过努力学习, 她最后被北京大学录取。4 prefer v. (to like better)更喜

    9、欢prefer (doing/n. )to (doing/n. ) 喜欢尤胜于prefer to dorather than do 宁愿做而不愿做【活学活用】Some people nowadays prefer _during the golden week rather than _out for holidays. Some people nowadays prefer _during the golden week to _ out for holidays. 现在有些人喜欢在黄金周期间呆在家里而不是外出度假。短语学习:.1 as a result 因此, 结果(1) as a res

    10、ult _ 由于(2) as a consequence 因此, 结果as a consequence of 由于的结果(3) result _ 造成;导致 result from 因 发生【温馨提示】在写作中容易把as a result当连词使用, 导致标点符号和大小写不符合英语规范, 因此要特别注意。【活学活用】(1) _the pilots strike, all flights have had to be cancelled.由于飞行员的罢工, 所有的航班都取消了。(2) He had his leg injured. _, he had to stay in bed for two

    11、 weeks. 他的腿受伤了, 结果不得不在床上躺了两周。(3) His failure _carelessness. 他的失败是由于粗心造成的。2 keep doing sth. 继续/反复做某事 keep sb. Doing 使某人一直做 keep sb. from doing阻止某人做keep up 使保持、维持(在同一水平) ;使不低落;继续keep _with 跟上, 不落后 keep on继续【易混辨析】keep doing和keep on doing (1) keep doing:cause a process or state to continue使某一过程或状态继续。如:k

    12、eep smiling 保持微笑, 再笑一笑.(2) keep on doing:continue doing sth.;do sth. frequently or repeatedly继续做某事;不断或反复做某事。如: I wish you wouldnt keep on interrupting me. 我真希望你不要总是打断我。由此可见, keep doing更强调“ 状态的持续, 继续”, 而keep on doing更强调“动作的反复 ”, 但现在这两个短语意义经常混用。【温馨提示】 keep sb. from doing sth.中的 from不能省略, 注意不要和keep sb.

    13、 doing 混淆。另外与keep sb. from doing意义相似的短语prevent/stop sb. from doing sth.在主动语态中from可以省略, 被动语态中不可以。【活学活用】(1)Please keep the fire _. It is too cold here. 请让火一直烧着, 这里太冷了。(2) _until you reach a large roundabout. 继续走, 直到你到达一个宽阔的环状交叉路口。(3)What kept you _? 什么使你没能来?3 make sure (of sth./that) 确保,查明,核实,弄清楚be su

    14、re to do sth一定/务必做某事 for sure 无疑, 肯定, 有把握地be/feel sure _ 确信, 深信【温馨提示】在make sure的从句中, 如果是谈将来的事情, 要用一般现在时而不是将来时。【活学活用】(1)I think the doors locked, but Id better go and _ _ . 我想门已经锁了, 但我最好还是去查看一下。(2)You must _the time and place. 你必须把时间和地点弄清楚。 (3)Nobody knows _what will happen in the future. 没有人能肯定将来会发生

    15、什么事。(4) _your facts?你能肯定你的资料属实吗?4 would rather 宁愿, 宁可(1)would rather do sth.宁愿做某事would rather have done sth. 宁愿做过某事 (但事实上没做)(2) would rather do A than do B 宁愿做A 也不做B(3) would rather sb. did sth. 宁愿某人做某事 (用于虚拟语气, 谈现在和将来的情况)would rather sb. had done sth.宁愿某人做过某事(谈过 去的情况, 但过去的事实是:没有做)【活学活用】1. 根据汉语意思完成句

    16、子(1)Even though the city was under attack, some old people would rather _. 虽然城市正遭受攻击, 但是一些老人就是不愿意撤离。(2)On hot summer days, Id rather go out swimming in the river _enjoying air conditioners. 在炎热的夏日, 我宁愿外出到河里游泳也不愿呆在家 里享受空调。.(3) I _yesterday. 我宁愿昨天已经做了这份工作。2. 单项填空Id rather you _ about it. I dont want t

    17、o tell you about it. Adont know Bdidnt know C hadnt known Dhavent known【解析】 B 由第二句话可知 “你不知道这件事”,因此would rather后面的从句中表达的是与现在相反的虚拟,因此用一般过去时。 句型学习:1 Ive always hated making mistakes or pronouncing a word incorrectly when I speak English, but Mrs Li just smiles, so that you dont feel completely stupid.

    18、我一直讨厌说英语时出错或读错单词, 但是李老师只是笑笑, 那样你就不会感到自己很笨。句型公式so that引导的状语从句主句so that( 结果状语从句)主句so thatcan/could/may/might/will/would(目的状语从句) 【归纳比较】(1)so that引导的目的状语从句中常会有情态动词can, could, may, might, will, would等, 可与in order that 互换;而so that引导的结果状语从句中一般没有情态动词, 有时可以和sothat互换。(2)so that引导的目的状语从句之前不用逗号, 而so that引导的结果状语

    19、从句与主句之间往往用逗号隔开( 即略作停顿)。【活学活用】(1)He worked very hard, so that he _ a good mark in the exam. 他学习非常用功, 结果考试考得很好。(2)They held a meeting so that they _everyones ideas.他们召开了一次会议为的是能听到众人的心声。 2 , but I think Ill do well in the exam with Mrs Chen teaching me. 但我想, 有陈老师教我, 我一定会考好的。句型公式【活学活用】.1. 根据汉语意思完成句子(1)W

    20、ith so many financial problems _, President Obama feels worried. 有那么多金融问题要解决, 奥巴马总统感觉很担忧。(2)We went through the forest without any difficulty with the guide _ us. 有导游的引导, 我们毫不费力地穿过了森林。(3)With the windows _, it is cooler. 窗户开着, 凉快多了。2. 单项填空_ his pen _ , he had to borrow one from me.AWith; lost BFor;

    21、lost CWith; losing DBecause; lost 【解析】 A 考查with复合结构。for和because都是连词,后面要跟句子,要说because his pen was/had been lost, 而且for表原因时引导的句子要放在后面,因此排除B 、D。 with后面可以跟复合结构,his pen与lose 之间是逻辑上的被动关系,因此用过去分词作宾补。故选A。课后练习.选词填空make progress, in fact, get bored with , would rather, be true of 1Our monitor is very clever;

    22、_, he is the cleverest in our class. 2He is such a person that he wont _staying at home all day. 3Many people like staying up, and this _me. 4I am glad that I am _in my studies. 5I _not say. You know, its a secret. .单项填空12010上海卷 Lucy has a great sense of humour and always keeps her colleagues _ with

    23、 her stories.A. amused B. amusing C. to amuse D. to be amused【解析】 A 考查非谓语动词。根据句意,sb.与它后面的动词构成被动关系,故用keep sb./sth.done结构。22010湖北卷 If I find someone who looks like the suspect, my _ reaction will be to tell the police.A. physical B. immediate C. sensitive D. sudden【解析】 B 考查形容词词义辨析。由句意“如果我发现某人长相酷似疑犯,我的

    24、第一反应是报告给警察”。physical身体上的;immediate立即的,立刻的;sensitive敏感的;sudden 突然的。3I think you should complain _, of course, you are happy with the way things are.Aif Bunless Cas Dbecause【解析】 B 考查连词。句意:我想你应该抱怨 当然除非你对现在的状况满意。unlessif not,正符合语义。4Ken, _ , but your TV is going too loud. Oh, Im sorry. Ill turn it down r

    25、ight now. AId like to talk with you BIm really tired of thisCI hate to say this DI need your help【解析】 C 考查交际用语。 I hate to say this意为:我真不想说,但5. If you leave the club, you will not be _ back in. Areceived Badmitted Cturned Dmoved【解析】 B 考查动词词义辨析。 admit允许进入。6Come on, please give me some ideas about the

    26、project. Sorry. With so much work _ my mind, I almost break down. Afilled Bfilling C to fill Dbeing filled.【解析】 B 考查with复合结构。在with复合结构中work与fill是逻辑上的主动关系,因此要用现在分词,表示“很多工作占据了我的大脑”。7He began to take political science _ only when he left school. Astrictly Btruly Ccarefully Dseriously 【解析】 D 考查副词词义辨析。 t

    27、ake something seriously 意思是:认真对待某物。8With no better way to express feelings of love and _ , its easy to see why everyone turns to the flower shop on Mothers Day.Aappreciation Binspiration Csatisfaction Dambition【解析】 A appreciation 意为 “感激,感谢”;inspiration 意为“灵感;鼓舞人心的人或事物”;satisfaction 意为“满意”;ambition 意

    28、为“抱负, 雄心, 野心”。appreciation符合句意。9Ill look into the matter as soon as possible. Just have a little _ . Await Btime Cpatience Drest【解析】 C 考查名词词义辨析。根据句意可知说话者要求对方要耐心以便等待调查结果。因此选C,patience耐心。而wait是指“等待”这一具体的动作。10No one can avoid _ by advertisements. Ato be influenced Bbeing influenced Cinfluencing Dhaving influence【解析】 B 考查avoid 的用法。avoid 后面要加动名词作宾语。句意:没有人能够避免被广告影响。因此用being influenced。

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