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过去分词在句子中的成分.ppt

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过去分词在句子中的成分.ppt
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Past participle 过去分词 过去分词是非谓语动词的一种形式 ,表示完成和被动的动作。它在句子中可以充当状语、定语、表语、宾语补足语、主语补足语等成分。过去分词作状语可表时间 , 原因 , 让步 , 结果 , 方式 , 条件等。 这种过去分词状语相当于于一个时间、地点、原因、条件、让步等状语从句 , 过去分词作状语中句子的主语与分词所表示的动作构成动宾关系 , 即是该分词动作的承受者。注意: 作状语时 ,过去分词的逻辑主语与句子主语一致。过去分词作时间状语 ,可在过去分词前加上连词 when, while, until等来 强调时间概念。1. When it is heated , ice will be changed into water. When heated , ice will be changed into water.2. When it is seen under a microscope, a fresh snowflake has a delicate six-pointed. Seen under a microscope, a fresh snowflake has a delicate six-pointed shape. 过去分词作原因状语1. Since/ As she was given advice by the famous detective, the young lady was no longer afraid. Given advice by the famous detective, the young lady was no longer afraid.2. Because it was done in a hurry, his homework was full of mistakes. Done in a hurry, his homework was full of mistakes.过去分词作让步状语过去分词作让步状语1.Though they had been warned of the storm, the farmers were still working in the fields.2. Though warned of the storm, farmers were still working in the fields.the2.Although he was left alone at home, Sam did not feel afraid at all.Left alone at home, Sam did not feel afraid at all. 过去分词作条件或者假设状语• If they had been given more attention, the cabbages could have grown better. Given more attention, the cabbages could have grown better.2. If I am compared with you, we still have a long way to go. Compared with you, we still have a long way to go.作 方式或 伴随 情况状语• The hunter left his house, followed by his dog. The hunter left his house, and he was followed by his dog.2. She sat by the window, lost in thought. She sat by the window, and she was lost in thought.lost 表示一种迷失心理状态用 过去分词作状语来改写句子。• As I was worried about the journey, I was unsettled for the first few days.→ _______________________ , I was unsettled for the first few days.Worried about the journey2. If he is given time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player.→ _________ , he’ll make a first-class tennis player.3) As I was confused by the new surroundings, I was hit by the
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