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当代研究生英语下册1-6单元TextA英汉对照版.doc

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当代研究生英语下册1-6单元TextA英汉对照版.doc
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ECIT-1141156891UNIT 1 PASSAGES OF HUMAN GROWTH (I) 1 A person’s life at any given time incorporates both external and internal aspects. The external system is composed of our memberships in the culture: our job, social class, family and social roles, how we present ourselves to and participate in the world. The interior realm concerns the meanings this participation has for each of us. In what ways are our values, goals, and aspirations being invigorated or violated by our present life system? How many parts of our personality can we live out, and what parts are we suppressing? How do we feel about our way of living in the world at any given time? 1.一个人在每一特定时期内的生活都是由外部生活和内心生活这两个方面结合而成的。外部生活是指我们在文明社会中的实际生活(对文明社会中实际活动的参与) ,其中包括我们的工作、社会地位、家庭生活、 (担当的)社会角色、我们如何向社会展现自己,以及如何参与到社会中去等。内心生活是指我们所参与的种种外部活动对我们个人产生的影响。例如,我们目前的生活体系是符合我们的价值观、目标和理想呢,还是与之相违背? 我们的个性能在多大程度上得到发挥,还是受到某种程度的压抑? 在每一特定时期,我们对自己的生活方式又有何种感受?2 The inner realm is where the crucial shifts in bedrock begin to throw a person off balance, signaling the necessity to change and move on to a new footing in the next stage of development. These crucial shifts occur throughout life, yet people consistently refuse to recognize that they possess an internal life system. Ask anyone who seems down, “Why are you feeling low?” Most will displace the inner message onto a marker event: “I’ve been down since we moved, since I changed jobs, since my wife went back to graduate school and turned into a damn social worker in sackcloth,” and so on. Probably less than ten percent would say: “There is some unknown disturbance within me, and even though it’s painful, I feel I have to stay with it and ride it out.” Even fewer people would be able to explain that the turbulence they feel may have no external cause. And yet it may not resolve itself for several years. 2.正是在人的内心世界这个领域中,一些重大的和基本的转变开始使人失去自我平衡,这就意味着必须进行调整,以步人人生发展的下一个阶段。∕人的是阶段性的:在人生必经的一些重大转折关头,如果一个人觉得失去自我平衡,这就意味着要进行调整,以步人人生发展的下一个阶段,这些重大转折贯穿人的一生,只是是人们往往不承认自己具有这样一种内在的生命系统。如果你问一个
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