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2_Lecture Two_The English-Speaking Countriess1.ppt

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2_Lecture Two_The English-Speaking Countriess1.ppt
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Lecture Two,The English-Speaking Countries,1. The Country and Its History,The first English-speaking country is Britain where the English language was originated. Its official full name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Its official simple form is the United Kingdom. And U. K. is the shortened or abbreviated word of United Kingdom.The British Empire is a historical conception, with a broader sense than the United Kingdom. It used to cover a larger territory, including Britain itself and its former colonies. Now Britain and some of its former colonies have formed the British Commonwealth of Nations, which can be simply called the British Commonwealth, or the,Commonwealth. It is an international organization in which Britain and other member countries carry out political and economic consultation and cooperation. The Commonwealth consists of the United Kingdom, other English-speaking countries like Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, African countries like Nigeria, Zambia, Uganda and the Sudan, Asian countries like India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Singapore, and American countries in the West Indies.Britain is make up of four parts. They are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The first three nations constitute Great Britain,,located on the largest island of the British Isles(不列颠群岛). Geographically, the British Isles refer to the group of islands on the northwest of Europe, which includes Great Britain, Ireland , and the smaller islands around them. In the geographical sense, Great Britain is often incorrectly used to refer to the political state, officially called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Normally, people simply call it Britain. So, Britain in the political sense may include Northern Ireland, which is actually part of the United Kingdom. As to the Irish Island, it refers to the whole of Ireland. On its northern part,is located Northern Ireland which is a part of the United Kingdom, while on its sou
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