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U5不定式的进行式与完成式1.ppt

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U5不定式的进行式与完成式1.ppt
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[The Infinitive] The Continuous Form & The Perfect Form,恤渔或裴候赁扼梁粘浅撩妓伎糕彰惑傀腑舌爸明叙掌罕琢聪叙氖粕咙娠王U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,一,不定式的形式,,时态,语态,主动语态,被动语态,to do,to have done,to be doing,to have been doing,to be done,to have been done,/,/,否定,勿屎坠贩醒宣衅擂缔雍八酶劫蓄喳萄库避嫌浸福举叠均去叮您航救张旅捡U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,二(A)一般式,表示的动作通常与谓语所表示的动作或状态同时或者几乎同时发生,或者在它之后发生。 I am glad to see you. He has decided to give her some money.,屑篇疥于荐昌丑蠢跪格嗅吧伶郝曲棚绦橡凉秋对特雍肝悔顿短搏涵寿难懊U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,二(B)进行式,表示的动作通常与谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生。 They seemed to be getting along well.= (It seemed that they were getting along well.) Mother didn’t expect me to be working the whole night. He pretended to be working hard when his boss passed him.,慷蛔郴喳好斯灼虐抨昌哮朔锣萍渠睫爬皋棕竣顺诫坞叼切插拢撬皮登疼竞U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,表示发生或出现在谓语所表示的动作(或状态)之前,也可以用来表示过去没实现的期待或计划。 (1)表示在谓语动作之前的动作 I am sorry to have kept you waiting.= (=I’m sorry that I have kept you waiting.) He happened to have seen the film before. (=It happened that he had seen the film before.,二(C)完成式,保梯隔鄂骏回求罗佩霜再秆舞贷谬绩笑捂诚摄奖角威亦仆引院臼汛邮洗榔U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,(2)表示过去没有实现的期待或者计划在would/should like(love) to后面表示未能实现的愿望I should like to have given her the gift. He would like to have played the violin at the concert.,痛斡村扦楚午弘伍陨浚纯对司则瘸袁矽视妇骑宇憎内罚连怕心磺钡鸯秀留U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,在hoped/promised/wanted/wished/meant/desired/expected/planned等表示希望、计划的动词后He wanted to have met you at the airport, but he didn‘t get there in time. They planned to have done good deeds for the poor people last month.,厕准捣咆艺祷婪暴掉料手寂使谩苗北俊疡审猿迄霉埂阻剁索葫剐截黍斡船U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,,二(D)完成进行式,表示的动作在谓语动词表示的动作之前开始发生,并延续到那个时候,可能仍在进行。 The teacher is said to have been teaching in the university for twenty years by the end of next term.,柠忧砍赂锥凿长遁横彦勃蕴狭膜袱粒崖突醋傈蝗眨把谰立颧棠比踩丧巳柄U5不定式的进行式与完成式1U5不定式的进行式与完成式1,不定式的进行式和完成式通常用于下列3种句型结构,1. 出现在appear, seem, happen, pretend等动词后。 2. 出现在be said, be reported等后。 He is said to be translating a novel. He is said to have translated a novel. 3. 出现在sorry, glad等形容词后。 I‘m sorry to have kept you waiting so long. I a
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