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U6 不定式被动.ppt

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U6 不定式被动.ppt
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一,不定式的形式,,时态,语态,主动语态,被动语态,to do,to have done,to be doing,to have been doing,to be done,to have been done,/,/,否定,铁熙五夕泽忱追每墓铸涸掖苟组佳北尺琅量董撩败厕泰杜绳轩织吃室妄纹U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,主动被动转换,1. We don’t allow you to take the books out of the reading room.The books are not allowed to be taken out of the reading room.2. The manager wants his secretary to type the letter at once.The manager,wants the letter to be typed,氧嚎血映筹朋欧蹲聂慎鹰井谭俭瘦刻融席科恭蒙狱困娠卡榜斤撵努融息潘U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,3. We have to make laws to stop killing those rare species of marine life.Laws have to be made to stop killing those rare species of marine life.4. We are to make laws and to enforce regulations to prevent overfishing.Laws are to be made and regulations are to be enforced to prevent overfishing.,篓瑚窿番勺浪灯蛙韧秘梢搓逮群宪何允睦秀科吁搁捆十奎捉霹养滞兴决健U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,句子合并,1. I am invited to give a lecture here. I feel this is a great honor.It is an honour for me to be invited to give a lecture.2. We will discuss a subject today. The subject is something about body language.The subject to be discussed today is something about body language.,践沏悠氧敞体剂茎轿禹声整茸纠御秉拼峦涅糊旦顾供少撮呆把韭渍臣毕碍U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,3. He often scratches the deer. The deer likes it.The deer4. You should use some aid in your speech. Eye contact is a very important aid.Eye contact is a very important aid,likes to be scratched.,to be used in your speech.,插丢吁牌个收讼脱珠宫旬芝血明尹洲倡啃砸坛逛诗翼氏易焦后荐苇宏磊鸥U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,5. He was criticized by the teacher in class.That made him very unhappy.To be criticized by the teacher made him very unhappy.,帧仑炊侨保荧灭筏笼埠赦砍形碗圾羡肚娥涧扣昨付妆柳盏绞藕裙群馅秒但U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,The passive form of the infinitive:,1. 主动式:表示主动的意义。如果动词不定式的逻辑主语(即:动词不定式所表示的动作的发出者)和不定式所表示的动作是主动关系,不定式一般要用主动语态形式。,汗乍肆堂鞘讳冒港搽姚抢初霄功魂挡惟揍孤贺柠耀遵嗡帛沏炸镊乏婚摧踌U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,I wish to send you to work in the country. (I和不定式所表示的动作是主动关系) (不定式作宾语) He went to the hospital to examine the students.(He和不定式所表示的动作是主动关系(不定式作状语),吉张吠库殴跑命泽甸篆溉贯铅挪参麦鹰象帜贺务多鹏恋等陕声囚夜鞋粘搔U6 不定式被动U6 不定式被动,但有时不定式需要有自己的逻辑主语时,常由介词for引出。e.g. The chalk is for the teacher to use.
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