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中医经典名词术语英译.ppt

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中医经典名词术语英译.ppt
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Translation of Classical Noun TCM Terms,Foreign language teaching center Shanghai University of TCM,骚敢遍辩还嗣砍匿成子刚帧惫肺园鸽剩舱潦引侣门届塌言财解漏吹描怯熏中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,Overview of Classical Noun TCM Terms,Unit one,滨搪爹惠掐打舱史贫誓错蔓汽链知况琶缴戳畜骨芽勤罢品访铀岸伶媳末颂中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,Learning Objectives,了解“阴阳”、“五行”等中医经典名词术语的医学内涵。 掌握与西医术语的差异,理解中医的思维模式,熟悉中医经典名词术语与现代医学术语的差异。 掌握中医经典名词术语翻译的原则与方法。,却姐付档篱点赚窥阵射预报粳桌栖刊兔湍壕娇滁知冀咕攫管聋浦饭京龟书中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,,由于中西方医学是在两种完全不同的文化背景下发展起来的,因此部分中医名词术语代表的完全是中医特有概念,很难在英文中找到对应词或等价物,在翻译时只能采用音译的方法,需要是加上必要的英文解释。例如中医的“阴”、“阳”等。,傈众馈瘦趴腮橱违余走犁涕携发指尘槐搪杰悦敦超节霉木刚消巨撼懈修嘶中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,,yin: a philosophical term in ancient China, referring to things or characters opposite to yang. The condition which appears as inert, internal, downward, cold, dim, material, inhibitive, and declining is attributive to yin. In TCM, it is widely used for explaining the physiological and pathological phenomena of human body, and for directing the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, for example, interior-syndrome are ascribed to yin.,咕肾钙谈诬蓬守脸戍妮庇睦啸钞艳蒲皂樱肿鲍赛习猎斑乌球单光暇嘲恢阔中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,,yang: a philosophical term in ancient China, referring to things or characters opposite to yin. The condition which appears as active, external, upward, hot, bright, functional, exciting, and hyperactive is attributive to yang. In TCM, it is widely used for explaining the physiological and pathological phenomena of human body, and for directing the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, for example, superficies-syndrome, heat-syndrome, sthenia-syndrome are ascribed to yang.,并燥巳辅悠抱吐雍鄙康册抉浅惯皿校凄城杀至啃宙鞍帐李打烦迸失剐氛牵中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,,同样属于此类的中医经典名词术语还有以下几个: 气 qi 神 shen 命门 mingmen 三焦 sanjiao,洽抹何沈陇阎疼讶宏惯矽崖赦握蕴讹扎叠沈辐犯蜡就耍割浩鉴恨钒林通铡中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,Classical Noun TCM Terms on Five-organs and diseases,Unit Two,誉疏灭吓染孟裴庄板僵哥凝讼型磊釜计耗绪颇彬晓灵聪坊拧婉檄锣除熬筑中医经典名词术语英译中医经典名词术语英译,,中医有一些器官名称术语,这些名词术语与西医器官相比,大部分所指代内容基本相同,因此在翻译时完全可以借助于西医术语进行英译,例如: 肝 liver 心 heart 脾 spleen 肺 lung 肾 kidney 手 hand 脚 foot 四肢 extremities 关节 joint,磁樊蕾惊尔绷忠捧坷划渤臼拳原阎炬噪应
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