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New Words in Text A.ppt

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New Words in Text A.ppt
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,Unit one Passage A (New Words and Expressions),Active words in Passage A,addicted / consumer / deforest / ecosystem / evaporate / exploitation / inexhaustible / priority,vt. 使…上瘾 e.g. He addicted himself to drinking. n. 上瘾的人e.g. a drug addict [派生词]adj. addicted 有瘾的addictive(毒品)使上瘾的 [词 组]:be addicted to sth./doing sth. : [六级考题]: It was ____that the restaurant discriminated against black customers. addicted B. alleged C. assaulted D. ascribed,(Key: B),(指控,宣称,据说),vt.(殴打,袭击),,,,归因于,归咎于,addict,consequence (n.),1)后果/影响 --If you behave so foolishly, you must be ready to take the consequences. 2) importance: --He may be a man of consequence in his own village, but he’s nobody here.,[近义词比较]: consequence:常用贬义,表示不好的结局 effect :效果, 与cause 相对 outcome : 结果,结局, 常指某项活动、比赛等等最后见分晓、输赢 result : 结果, 普通用词 [记忆联想]: frequency / sequence [考 题]:In ___ of his rude behaviors, his wife had left him in three months after they got married. A. sequence B. frequency C. consequence D. fluency,Key: C,convenience (n.) 1) freedom from difficulty or worrye.g. I keep my reference books near my desk for convenience. 2) appliance, device, arrangement, etc. 有用的、方便的 用具、装置 e.g. It was a great convenience to have the doctor living near us. [派 生 词]: convenient (adj.) / conveniently (adv.) [短 语 ]:make a convenience of sb. 过分利用某人/欺负老实人,More to learn,[试题]:The new tourist hotel will have ___ for more than one thousand people.(1994/01/47)A. convenience B. accommodations C. capability D. capacities (Key: B),dioxide,carbon dioxide CO2 di- 表示“二次, 二倍”之义carbon monoxide CO mono- 表示“单一”之义,downwind,1) adv. in the direction toward which the wind is blowing --Our ship travels downwind that afternoon after the storm. 2) adj. moving or situated downwind 位于下风口的 --The fish downwind is hard to catch any food.,downbeat (音乐的)强拍 downcast (a.气馁的,悲哀的) downfall 大雨 downgrade (使…降级),downhearted (a. 郁闷的) downhill (向下地) downpour (倾盆大雨) downtown (市中心),element n. 元素/自然力/
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