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New Words in Text B.ppt

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New Words in Text B.ppt
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New Words and Expressions (in Passage B),,atop prep. — on top of something,,Examples Under the newspaper, atop a sheet of paper, lay an envelope. There is a seagull(鸥) atop the mast (桅杆).,,,,tone n. — the quality of a sound, especially the sound of a musical instrument or someone’s voice,,Examples It wasn’t so much what she said that annoyed me ― it was her tone. in a rising/falling tone/ in a tone of/in various tones of blue (以各种蓝色调),,,,species n. — to continue to exist in spite of many difficulties and a group of animals or plants which are all similar and can breed together to produce young animals or plants of the same kind as them,,Examples Panda has been declared an endangered species.,,,,sober adj. — serious and thoughtful; not affected by drug or alcoholic liquors,,Examples The party was in a sober mood, people just standing there chatting politely.,,,boundary,n. 分界线,边界/范围 形近词: bound v. 以…为界; 跳bounds n. 边界;界限 boundless a. 无限的 近义词: border 边界 frontier 前线,brilliant (adj.),1) 闪闪发光的/极明亮的-- She was attracted by the brilliant jewels on the table. 2) distinguished, outstanding 杰出的,优异的--My son has made a brilliant performance at the party.,3) having or showing great intelligence , talent. etc. 聪明的/有天赋的--some brilliant students this year. 4) strong and clear in tone or color.明亮的--a brilliant and blue sky,近义词:outstanding/remarkable/bright/ wise 派生词: brilliance/brilliantly,focus,focus: n. 焦点, 焦距-- Bring the object into focus if you want a good photograph.focus: v. 聚焦与焦点 / 集中--focus the sun’s rays on the glass--Please focus your attention on what the teacher says in the class. 近义词: concentrate,overtake (v.),1) come or catch up with, outstrip追上/超过--My father drives faster so as to overtake other cars on the road.2) come upon sb. Suddenly by surprise 压倒-- Tom was overtaken by fear,overtake 形近词: overtax/overthrow/ overtime/overweight 税过重 /推翻/超时的, 加班的/超重,residence,1). n. 居住/居留 take up one’s residence in a new house 迁入新居 2)住处派生词: reside v. ; residential a.居住的; resident
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