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Part 2 动词.ppt

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Part 2 动词.ppt
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Part 2 动词,一.动词的分类 二.动词的时态,一.动词的分类,1.be 动词:2.行为动词:,不能独立表达意思,必须与形容词、名词等一起来表达意思.,常用的be动词有 am is are was were如:I am tired now. Yesterday was Sunday.(半系动词look,feel),又称实义动词,表示动作或状态,能独立表达意思。,I read books on the weekend.My father likes reading.,,3.情态动词:4.助动词:,本身有一定的意义,但也不能独立使用,必须与主要的动词一起来表达意思,表示说话人的语气和情态(没有人称和数的变化)。,常用的情态动词有can、 may、 must、 need。如:I can cook dinner.,本身没有意义,不能独立表达意思,必须与动词一起来表达意思。,常用的助动词有do、 does、 did。如:He does not like apples.,二.动词的时态,(一).一般现在时 :,表示经常的或习惯性的动作或状态。,1.动词原形: 2.动词的三单现:三单现的构成:,(1)、一般的动词在词尾加-s like —likes,read--reads,(2)、以字母o,s,sh,ch等结尾的动词加-es go--goes,pass--passes,wash--washes,watch--watches,(3)、以元音字母加y结尾的动词,直接加-s play—plays 但以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,要把y改i再加-es study--studies,a.动词的形式:,主语是非第三人称单数。,主语是第三人称单数,,b.判断:,常与 often , usually , sometimes , always,every day, every morning等表示程度或频度的词连用。,,,C.例如: 1.We often (play) in the playground. 2. He (get) up at six o’clock. 3. She______(have) blues eyes 4. Mike (read) English every day? 5. He usually _____ (get)up at six in the morning. 6. We_______(have)no classes on Sundays. 7. She often_________(watch)TV on Saturdays. 8. The boy _________(like) playing football 9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. He often ________(do) his homework at Home.,play,gets,has,Does,read,gets,have,watches,likes,take,does,表示正在进行或发生的动作。,主语+be动词+动词的ing形式+其他。,句中往往有now、look、listen等词。,1、一般的动词在词尾加-ing play—playing, draw--drawing,2、以不发音的e结尾的动词,去掉e再加-ing take—taking ,write --writing,,3、双写辅音字母再加-ing swim—swimming , shop—shopping,用所给动词的适当形式填空,1) The boy ___ ___ ( draw ) a picture now. 2) What______you ______ ( do ) now? 3) Listen. Some girls __ ( sing ) in the classroom. 4) My mother __ __ ( cook ) some nice food now. 5) Look. They __ ___ ( have ) an English lesson. 6) They ___ __ ( not water ) the flowers now. 7) Look! the girls ___ _ ( dance )in the classroom . 8) What is our granddaughter doing? She ______ ______ ( listen ) to music. 9) ______ Helen ______ ( wash )clothes? Yes, she is .,i
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