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高起专 网络教育英语三(3)考试试题及答案.doc

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高起专 网络教育英语三(3)考试试题及答案.doc
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College English Test for Non-English Majors of Adult Education(英语三模拟题 3)I. Vocabulary and StructureThere are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the One answer that best completes the sentence.1. I want you to _______B_______ each sum of the money you spent.A. amount to B. account for C. aim to D. intend to2. When you do not understand a word, you can look it ____D_____ in this dictionary.A. on B. with C. for D. up3. My husband and I ________B______ conflicting opinions on this matter.A. make B. hold C. keep D. take4. Why are you talking in such a strange _______B________?A. means B. manner C. matter D. measure5. The doctors have developed a new ____C______ in heart surgery.A. technology B. technical C. technique D. technician6. Nothing is more irritating than people who do not keep _____D_____ the point.A. on B. up C. along D. to7. The government has announced reductions in the country’s defense ____C______.A. plan B. arrangement C. budget D. scheme8. The news came to us at last. Her severe look _____D_____ how she really felt.A. related B. talked C. spoke D. reflectedA9. While we may get used to a sleep-depriving schedule, our judgment, reaction time, and other functions are still impaired.A. affected B. damaged C. mended D. repairedC10. Caffeine and other stimulants cannot overcome the effects of severe sleep deprivation.A. strengthen B. submit C. defeat D. overpower11. The manager is responsible ____C____ making sure that the shop is run properly the whole day.A. in B. to C. for D. on12. “Do you have ____C____ experience of this type of work?” The manager asked the applicant.A. foregoing B. before C. previous D. past13. The first ___C_____ came from Europe to America, the new land in the early 17th century.A. emigrant B. emigration C. immigrant D. immigration14. Big men are not ____B____ strong men; we must not suppose that men are strong merely because they are big.A. ordinarily B. commonly C. necessarily D. usually15. The audience ____D_______ the play very much and time and again clapped loudly.A. enforced B. engaged C. enhanced D. enjoyed16. Did the people _____B______ large approve of the government policy?A. in B. at C. on D. for17. There was a long _____C______ before he answered the telephone.A. stop B. break C. interval D. occasion18. I’m not particular _____C_______ my clothes; I don’t mind what I wear.A. in B. with C. about D. for19. Will you meet me C we were last night?A. there B. when C. where D. then20. How soon can I be B as a member of the school football team?A. received B. admitted C. allowed D. permitted21. Some airplanes are _____D_____ going 1,000 miles an hour.A. able of B. possible of C. probable of D. capable of22. Empty _____B_____ makes the most sound.A. ship B. vessel C. boat D. yacht23. They had D evidence that the factory was responsible for the pollution.A. inclusive B. seclusive C. exclusive D. conclusive24. The young Mr. Wang has B in the army for twenty years.A. serviced B. served C. maintained D. stayed25. We need to ____D_____ the quality of our goods but not increase the price.A. remain B. retain C. stay D. maintain26. Oxford has Britain’s oldest public museum which was _____D______ in 1683.A. found B. finding C. founding D. founded27. He says what he thinks, ________D______ other people’s feelings.A. despite of B. in view of C. in charge of D. regardless of28. Miss White said she met him ___B_____ chance yesterday morning.A. with B. by C. for D. through29. Flying across the Atlantic for the first time was a great ______D________.A. performance B. progress C. advancement D. achievement30. When he heard how well the new company was doing, he took a calculated _____D____ and invested all his money in it.A. venture B. chance C. opportunity D. riskII. ClozeThere are 20 blanks in the following passage(s). For each blank are provided four choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the passage(s)Historically, American women have always been very independent. The 31 colonists to come to New England were 32 young couples who had 33 behind their extended family (i.e., their parents, sisters, cousins, etc.) The women were 34 in a new, 35 country with their husbands. This had two important 36 . First of all, this as 37 uncivilized environment demanded that every person 38 in developing and educating children to establish 39 in this new land. Second, because they were in a new land 40 the established influence of older 41 of society, women felt 42 to step into nontraditional 43 . In addition, there were no rules in the Protestant religion which 44 that women stay in any definite role.This role of women was 45 in later years as Americans moved west, 46 leaving family behind and encountering a 47 environment. Even later, in the East, as new immigrants arrived, 48 women often found jobs more easily than men. Women became the 49 of the family. The children of these early Americans grew 40 with many examples of working women around them.C31. A. beginning B. initial C. first D. startingB32. A. frequent B. often C. usual D. ordinaryA33. A. left B. forgot C. lifted D. failedD34. A. lonely B. single C. only D. aloneB35. A. developing B. undeveloped C. underdeveloped D. developedD36. A. facets B. facts C. affects D. effectsA37. A. yet B. not C. but D. wellC38. A. sharing B. shared C. share D. sharesB39. A. them B. themselves C. theirs D. theirC40. A. outside B. out of C. without D. beyondA41. A. members B. groups C. teams D. partsD42. A. freedom B. freely C. freer D. freeC43. A. parts B. plays C. roles D. placesB44. A. requested B. demanded C. required D. neededB45. A. reinforced B. strengthened C. enlarged D. endangeredB46. A. yet B. again C. but D. orC47. A. hostile B. enemy C. opposing D. opponentD48. A. any B. one C. a D. theC49. A. supervisors B. surpassers C. supporters D. supposersB50. A. on B. up C. to D. offIII. Reading Comprehension Section A There are two reading passages in this section. Each passage is followed by 5 questions. Each question is provided with four answers marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the ONE that best answers the question.Passage 1On the death of his wealthy old father, Duncan inherited a lot of money and property, but though his father had always been a very generous man, Duncan was of a very different character. In fact, a lot of people who knew him called him a miser.This was not quite right, because misers usually spend as little of their wealth on themselves as they give away. But Duncan was not like that at all. He had always liked to feel rich; to have the best of everything for himself, go to the best restaurants, stay in the best hotels, have beautiful houses and expensive holidays.Duncan had never had a job, and while his father was alive, he had at first been kept on rather a small allowance. Duncan had asked his father several times whether he could increase this, but his father knew about the young man’s extravagant ways and in his wisdom, always refused to do so.But then, when Duncan was twenty-one, the old man, who was already sixty-five and retired, suggested that he should marry. “I’m feeling old,” he said to his son, “and I’d like to see some grandchildren before I die.”Duncan was not keen to have the expense of a wife, and then children, but his father said, “If you marry, I’ll increase your allowance in exchange.”“By how much?” Duncan said. “Wife and children cost a lot of money.”His father, laughed and answered, “I’ll multiply it by three.”“All right,” said Duncan. He already had a girlfriend, so he asked her to marry him, and she agreed.But Duncan did not spend much of his increased allowance on his wife, nor on his children when they came. His wife always smelt expensive, because Duncan loved to have the luxury of the best scents around him, but he did not give her any jewelry, saying that she would inherit plenty when his mother died. His wife did not feel very happy about this, as Duncan’s mother was only forty-five years old.Duncan also continued to spend as much money as he could get on luxuries for himself.One day he had just had lunch by himself at a very expensive restaurant, where every dish always tasted perfect, and had walked past the doorman, who had brought his car to the front for him, without giving him a tip.The doorman, who looked splendid in his beautiful uniform, helped him into his car and then said politely, “In case you lose your wallet on your way home, sir, please remember that you didn’t pull it out of your pocket here.”51. It would not be suitable to call Duncan a miser because D .A. he spent little of his wealth on himself B. he gave his things to others without paymentC. he did both A and B D. he did A but not B C52. At first, Duncan had been kept on a rather small allowance.A. observed B. protected C. provided for D. employedB53. Duncan did not spend much…on his children when they came.A. arrived B. were born C. moved up D. began54. The restaurant where Duncan had lunch one day was very good because A .A. every dish always tasted perfect B. there was a doorman at serviceC. he could enter it in his car D. tip was forbidden there55. When the doorman said “In case…,” he meant B .A. trouble B. anger C. mischief D. wellPassage 2Are you a compulsive spender, or do you hold on to your money as long as possible? Are you a bargain hunter? Would you rather use charge accounts than pay cash? Your answer to those questions will reflect your personality. According to psychologists, our individual money habits not only show our beliefs and values, but can also develop from past problems.Experts in psychology believe that for many people, money is an important symbol of strength and influence. Husbands who complain about their wives’ spending habits may be afraid that they are losing power in their marriage. Wives, on the other hand, may waste huge amounts of money because they are angry with their husbands. In addition, many people consider money a symbol of love. They spend it on their families and friends to express love, or they buy themselves expensive presents because they need love.People can be addicted to different things, for example, alcohol, drugs, certain foods, or even television. They are compulsive in their addictions, that is, they must satisfy these needs to feel comfortable. In the same way, according to psychologists, compulsive spenders must spend more money. For those who buy on credit, furthermore, charge accounts are even more exciting than money: in other words, these people feel that with credit they can do anything. Their pleasure at spending enormous amounts is actually greater than the pleasure they get from the things they buy.There is even a special psychology of bargain hunting. To save money, of course, most people look for sales, low prices, and discounts. Compulsive bargain hunters, however, often buy things that they don’t need just because they are cheap. They want to believe that they are helping their budget, but they are really playing an exciting game: when they can buy something for less than other people, they are winning.It is not only scientists, of course, who understand the psychology of spending habits, but also business people. Stores, companies, and advertisers use psychology to increase business. They consider people’s needs for love, power or influence, as well as their values, beliefs and opinions, in their advertising and sales methods.Psychologists often use a method called “behavior therapy” to help individuals solve their personality problems. In the same way, they can help people who feel that they have problems with money. They give them “assignments.” If a person buys something in every store that he enters, for instance, a therapist might teach him self-discipline in this way. On the first day of his therapy, he must go into a store, stay for five minutes, and then leave. On the second day, he should stay for ten minutes and try something on. On the third day he stays for fifteen minutes, asks the sales clerk a question, but does not buy anything. Soon he will learn that nothing bad will happen to him if he doesn’t buy anything, and he can solve the problem of his compulsive buying.56. For many people, money is an important symbol of _____B_____.A. beliefs and values B. power and influenceC. pleasure D. personality57. When wives are angry with their husbands, they tend to _____D______.A. worry about their power in marriageB. become compulsive spendersC. consider money a symbol of loveD. buy expensive presents for families and friends58. According to psychologists, compulsive spenders must spend more money because _____D_____.A. they’re addicted to buying thingsB. they’re compulsive in their addictionsC. they must satisfy their needs to feel comfortableD. all of the above59. Charge accounts are even more exciting than money in that ____A______.A. they enables people to do anything B. they made people feel pleasedC. they have enormous amounts D. none of the above60. Compulsive bargain hunters often _____D___.A. look for reduced prices B. buy inexpensive goodsC. help their budget D. both a) and b)IV. Translation Section A Translate the following sentences into Chinese.61. The most familiar outward signs of aging may be seen in old people, such as the greying of the hair and the wrinkling of the skin.老化最典型的外部标志或许在老年群体中可以看到,例如头发逐渐变白、皮肤逐渐起皱。62. Lately the main focus of monetary policy has shifted to interest rates.最近,货币政策的主要焦点已经转向了利率。63. It was customary in Newton’s time for the great mathematicians of Europe to spend months on solving a problem and then offer it as a challenge to all others. 在牛顿所处的那个时代,欧洲伟大的数学家花费几个月的时间解决一个难题后再其提供给其他数学家作为一种考验和挑战是很习以为常的。Section B Translate the following sentences into English, using the words or expressions given in brackets.64. 我根本没有想到要打电话给你。(occur) It never occurs to me to call you. 65.这出戏将首先在北京上演,然后到全国各地巡回演出。 (tour)This drama will be staged in Beijing at first, and then it will be toured all cities66. 孩子通常喜欢看动画片。 (fond of) The children are fond of cartoons. V. Writing Write a composition on the topic MY PLAN FOR THE FUTURE. Your composition should be based on the outline given below and you are required to write it in no less 120 words. Remember to write it clearly.MY PLAN FOR THE FUTURE(1) 你现在在做什么?(2) 你对自己的将来有何打算?(3) 你将如何去实现自己的计划?I earnestly hope to lead a healthy and prosperous life in the future. Judging from my aptitude inclination and personality streaks, my ideal life will be that of a scientist, researching, lecturing, and writing books. As I am from a farming family, I particularly enjoy being close to earth. If I can afford to live a pastoral life in the countryside, I will feel most blessed. As far as social life is concerned, simplicity i
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