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六级翻译必背分类词汇.doc

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六级翻译必背分类词汇.doc
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社会生活类词汇人工智能 artificial intelligence生物技术 biotechnology克隆 clon基因工程 genetic engineering三维电影 three-dimensional movie三峡工程 the Three Gorges Project希望工程 Hope Project民族精神 national spirit求同存异 seek common ground while shelving differences物质文明和精神文明 material and spiritual civilization小康社会 a well-off society小康水平 a well-off level与时俱进 keep pace with the times综合国力 the overall national strength共同愿望 common desire无土栽培 soilless cultivation生态农业 environment-friendly agriculture农村剩余劳动力 surplus rural labor超级杂交水稻 super-hybrid rice终生职业 job-for-life铁饭碗 a secure job外出打工人员 migrant workers基层监督 grass-root supervision机器阅卷 machine scoring家政服务 household management service假账 false accounting 加强舆论监督 enhance the supervision by the public opinion扩大中等收入者比重 raise the proportion of the middle-income group智力密集型企业 intelligence-intensive enterprise外资企业 overseas-funded enterprise下岗职工 laid-off worker素质教育 education for all-round development; quality-oriented education应试教育 exam-oriented education社会治安情况 public security situation改革开放 the reform and opening-up policy一国两制 One Country, Two Systems法制观念 awareness of law法制国家 a country with an adequate legal system公务员 civil servant西部大开发 Development of the West Regions可持续性发展 sustainable development计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction虚拟现实 virtual reality网民 netizen电脑犯罪 computer crime电子商务 e-commerce网上购物 online shopping学生减负 reduce study load综合治理 comprehensive treatment下海 go into business人才交流 talent exchange智力引进 recruit talents以人为本 people oriented舆论导向 direction of public opinion人口老龄化 aging of population人口出生率 birth rate全国人口普查 nationwide census人口激增 population explosion预期寿命 life expectancy社会公益活动 public welfare activities提供各种便民服务 provide various convenient services活动中心 recreational center道德标准 ethical standards尊老爱幼 respect the old and cherish the young退休金 pension社会保险 social insurance社会保障 social security大家庭 extended family独生子女 the only child in a family孝子孝女 dutiful son/daughter媒人 matchmaker配偶 spouse信息革命 information revolution信息高速公路 information superhighway办公自动化 office automation统筹兼顾 make overall plans and take all factors into consideration团队精神 team spirit青少年犯罪 juvenile delinquency教育投入 input in education九年义务教育 nine-year compulsory education高考 college entrance examination初等教育 elementary education高等教育 higher education综合性大学 comprehensive university文科院校 colleges of liberal arts理工科大学 colleges of science and engineering师范学院 normal college课外活动 extracurricular activities必修课 required course选修课 elective course基础课 basic course专业课 specialized course课程表 school timetable填鸭式教学 cramming method of teaching研究生 postgraduate应届毕业生 graduating student学前教育 preschool education城市化 urbanization基础设施 infrastructure商业化 commercialization处罚 penalty酒驾 drunk driving交通拥挤 traffic congestion水短缺 water shortage环境污染 environmental pollution过度工业化 over-industrialization过度拥挤 overcrowded失业 unemployment财富分配 wealth distribution社会动荡 social instability城市建设 urban construction犯罪率上升 a rising crime rate能源和资源消耗 drain of energy and resources快节奏生活 a rapid pace of life职业道德 work ethics精神文明建设 the construction of spiritual civilization计划生育基本国策 the basic state policy of family planning科教兴国 develop the country through science and education社区服务 community service知识更新 update one’s knowledge适龄儿童入学率 enrollment rate for children of school age社会福利 social welfare城市生活压力 pressure of modern life in the city废物处理 waste disposal消费方式 pattern of consumption遭受重大损失 suffer heavy losses恶性循环 vicious cycle资源配置 resource allocation城市规划 urban planning房地产 real estate污染环境 pollute the environment温室效应 greenhouse effect加强污染控制 strengthen pollution control普及环保知识 popularize environmental protection knowledge全民健身运动 nationwide fitness campaign网络空间 cyberspace网络犯罪 cyber crime中等职业学校 secondary vocational school传染病 infectious disease试点项目 pilot project历史类词汇长城 the Great Wall丝绸之路 the Silk Road泰山 Mount Tai苏州园林 Suzhou Gardens西湖 West Lake封建的 feudal朝代 dynasty春秋时期 the Spring and Autumn Period战国时期 the Warring States Period皇帝 emperor大臣 minister少数民族 minority nationality西域 the Western Regions学者 scholar诗人 poet政治家 statesman社会地位 social status远古时代 ancient times近代 modern times原始资料 original data古代文明 ancient civilization在位期间 during the reign of.朝廷 the imperial court土地私有制 private ownership of land扩大领土 extend the domain夺取政权 seize the power战后的 postwar永久的佃户 permanent tenant大使 ambassador行政区域 an administrative district经济类词汇通货膨胀 inflation宏观调控 macroeconomic regulatory社会主义新农村 new socialist countryside节能 energy conservation国有企业 state-owned enterprise公务员 civil servant远程教育 distance education最低生活保障 basic cost of living allowances残酷的竞争 cut-throat competition社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy和谐社会 harmonious society经济学家 economist资本主义经济 capitalist economy农村经济 rural economy自由经济 liberal economy保护主义 protectionism私营成分 private sector公共成分 public sector经济波动 economic fluctuation经济衰退 economic stability经济稳定 economic stability经济复苏 economic recovery增长率 rate of growth经济趋势 economic trend生活标准 standard of living购买力 buying power欠发达的 underdeveloped资金分配 the allocation of funds收益 benefit预算 budget资本 capital需求变化 change in demand供给变化 change in supply商品 commodity消费者 consumer分配 distribution经济成本 economic cost交换 exchange企业家 entrepreneur企业家精神 entrepreneurship过度供给 excess supply; oversupply波动 fluctuation家庭 household人力资本 human capital收入分配 income distribution创新 innovation利息 interest投资 investment劳动需求 labor demand市场需求 market demand市场结构 market structure最低工资 minimum wage必需品 necessities社会收益 social benefits总成本 total cost总支出 total expenditure总产量 total product福利标准 welfare standard奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life不正之风 unhealthy tendency产业结构升级 upgrading of an industrial structure超前消费 overconsuming; excessive consumption科技兴贸 vitalize trade by science and technology外经贸战略 the foreign trade and economic strategy出口加工区 export processing zone地区差异 regional disparity扩大内需 expand domestic demand对外招商 attract foreign investment反对铺张浪费 oppose/combat extravagance and waste 个体户 self-employed households/people金融机构 financial institution经济技术开发区 an economic and technological development zone经济特区 a special economic zone经济起飞 an economic take-off经济兴旺 an economic boom招聘会 a labor fair; a job fair售后服务 after-sale service私人企业 private enterprise外资 overseas investment竞争性市场 competitive market经济利润 economic profit经济调节 economic regulation固定投入 fixed input文化类词汇瓷器 porcelain; china刺绣 embroidery国画 Chinese painting剪纸 paper cutting京剧 Peking Opera拜年 paying a New Year call鞭炮 firecracker元宵 sweet dumplings made of glutinous rice flour元宵节 Lantern Festival中秋节 Mid-Autumn Festival佛教 Buddhism道观 Taoist Temple儒教 Confucian儒家文化 Confucian culture文化事业 cultural undertaking文化交流 cultural exchange华夏祖先 the Chinese ancestor同宗同源 be of the same origin工艺 workmanship/craftsmanship寓言 fable神话 mythology传说 legend阴历 lunar calendar中华文明 Chinese civilization中药 TCM( traditional Chinese medicine)文明的摇篮 cradle of civilization水乡景色 riverside scenery中国水墨画 Chinese ink and wash painting陶器 pottery太极 Tai Chi杂技 acrobatic performance除夕 New Year’s Eve春节 Spring Festival 春联 Spring Festival couplets辞旧迎新 ring out the old year and ring in the New Year年底大扫除 the year-end household cleaning庙会 temple fair清明节 Tomb-sweeping Day中餐 Chinese cuisine地方风味小吃 local delicacy民间艺术 folk art爱国精神 patriotism文化冲突 cultural conflict中国文学 Chinese literature中国书法 Chinese calligraphy四大发明 the four great inventions of ancient China火药 gunpower印刷术 printing造纸术 paper-making technology指南针 compass
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