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第五讲主谓一致.ppt

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第五讲主谓一致.ppt
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主谓一致,在英语中,句子的主语和谓语动词要保持人称和数的一致关系, 叫主谓一致!,,主谓一致,语法一致,意义一致,就近(一致)原则,单数主语+单数谓语动词He is…/He likes 复数主语+复数谓语动词、The rich are… Liming and Chenling like…,The Chinese are hard-working. Chinese is not a difficult subject.,not only…but also neither…nor either…or there be,,主谓一致,1、就近原则 either…or… 和就远原则 with, except, besides, as well as, but,,2、to +动词和 动词+ ing 作主语谓语用单数,3、不定代词作主语谓语用单数 something, everything, anything…someone, everyone, anyone,4、不可数名词作主语谓语用单数,有量词时要看量词 Two cups of tea are enough.,To learn English well is important.,练一练:,Reading in the sun _____ bad for your eyes.A.are B.was C.is D.areSomeone _____ knocking at the door now.A.is B.are C.was D.wereThe shoes ___ mine,This pair of shoes ___ my brothers’.A.are,is B.is,are C.are,are D.are,amEither Li Lei or I ____ going to carry water for Grandma tomorrow.A.was B.am C.is D.AreAll but one ______ here just now.A. Has B. are C. was D. were,c,A,A,B,D,5、否定词作主语谓语用单数6、看词义:例如:the Greens , family, police, class, team, the youngthe speaker and writer, the number of…, a number of …, one of…Each of…, both of…., some of…, two thirds of…7. 一个整体作主语谓语用单数 twenty years, ten dollars…,No one except my close friends knows anything about this matter.,How time flies! Ten years has passed.,练一练:,No news _____ good news. A.are B.is C.am D.WereThe police ____ looking for the lost boy.A.is B.are C.be D.will beTen yuan _____ not expensive.A.is B.are C.be D.was,B,B,A,考点1:语法一致原则 (1)动词不定式、动名词、从句或不可数名词作主语,谓语动词用单数。如:Reading in the sun is bad for our eyes.(2)由and,both…and连接的两个名词作主语,表示两个不同的人或物时,谓语动词用复数;指同一个人或物时,谓语动词用单数。 如: The artist and the writer have come to our school. (艺术家和作家,两个人) The artist and writer has come to our school. (艺术家兼作家,同一个人)(3)不定代词(somebody, someone, something, anybody, anyone, anything, everybody, everyone, everything, nobody, no one, nothing, each, every) 作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 如:Each of us has to bring a bucket to the park to plant trees. 但是:We each have to bring a buc
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