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第六讲完成时态.ppt

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第六讲完成时态.ppt
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,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,征服语法之完成时态,完成时态,过去完成时现在完成时将来完成时,引子,I have fallen in love with her for eight years.I have married for over years.,完成时的构成,现在完成时:have done 过去完成时:had done 将来完成时:will have done,如何理解完成时态的意义,本质思维:回顾(retrospect)现在完成时---- 站在“现在”回顾“过去”过去完成时---- 站在“过去”回顾“更远的过去”将来完成时---- 站在未来的时间角度回顾在此之前发生的事情。,Russell,What I have lived for Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind.,,In all the work I have done as president, every decision I have made, every executive action I have taken, every bill I have proposed and signed, I have tried to give all Americans the tools and conditions to build the future of our dreams, in a good society, with a strong economy, a cleaner environment, and a freer, safer, more prosperous world.,,We have had many discussions with your leaders, and I have reiterated support for the “ One China” policy. It has been my government’s policy for a long period of time, and I have not changed it.,完成时态的三种核心意义,延续事件重复事件单一事件,延续事件,开始于过去的动作或者状态一直延续到现在,延续事件,,,,,,An old man walked out into the middle of the street. The policeman yelled to her, “ Don’t you know what it means when I hold up my hand?”The lady said, “ Sure I do. I have been a school for 28 years.,,We have been in love for eight years and we are getting married next month.,,I have learned English for over ten years, but I still can not speak it well.,,All of my life I have lived by a code and the code is simple: honor the gods, love your women and defend your country. Troy is mother to us all. Fight for her.,延续事件与时间状语,1. 谓语要表示“延续”I have fallen in love for eight years.I have married for over a year.,,2. 与延续性性时间状语连用 Since +时间点或从句Since time began, man has lived,,For +时间段Great changes have taken place in Beijing for the past few years.,,到目前为止,迄今为止; Until now, up until now, up to now, up till now, so far ;We have up till now failed to take any action to decide on a co
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