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第十一讲:强调句.ppt

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第十一讲:强调句.ppt
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强调句讲义,,,英语中,表示强调的方法一般分为三种:位置的强调;用词强调;句型强调。如:一、位置强调英语句子的语序,一般为:主、谓、宾、表、状。有时为了强调某个成份,就故意将它移到句首或句末。如:,,A.强调主语及状语。如: I was reading English this morning. — This morning, I was reading English. (2) I’ll go to see Li Lei tomorrow. — Tomorrow, I’ll go to see Li Lei. B. 强调谓语(as, though引导的让步状语从句) Though he will try, he can’t succeed. — Try as / though he will, he can’t succeed. (2) Though she can sing, she can’t sing well. — Sing though / as she can, she can’t sing well.,,C. 强调宾语或表语(as, though引导的让步状语从句) Though he learnt English, he didn’t learn it well. — English as / though he learnt, he didn’t learn it well. (2) Though he is ill, he keeps on working. —Ill as / though he is, he keeps on working.,,二、用词强调英语中强调的另一种方法,就是用不同的词进行夸张从而达到强调的目的。用词强调主要有以下几种形式。 在句子中的谓语动词前加助动词do, 对谓语进行强调。如:I do like swimming. (2) He did go there last night.,,B. 用awfully, badly, dead, deeply, ever, extremely, highly, indeed, lightly, not…at all, particularly, pretty, really, so, strongly, terribly, utterly, very, very much,等副词修饰以加强语气。如: (1) He wants to get it very much. (2) I miss you terribly. C. 用短语at all, on earth, in the world, under the sun等表示强调,意思是:到底,究竟,根本。如: (1) I don’t know it at all. (2) What on earth are you doing there?,,D) 用重复某一个词或短语来强调。如:He thought and thought, and suddenly he got a good idea. (2) He ran and ran, and at last he caught up with other students.,,三、用句子来强调 A.句型强调英语中最常见的强调手段,也是我们必须要掌握的方法就是句型强调,即:强调句型。It is / was + 被强调的部分 + that (who)…如: (1) It was in the room that Li Lei was born. 李蕾出生就在这间房子。 (2) It is Wei Fang who has broken the record. 就是魏方打破了纪录。,,B.在使用强调句型时须注意的几个问题: 原句子是现在时或将来时,强调句用It is + 被强调的部分 + that (who)…; 若原句子是过去时,强调句用:It was + 被强调的部分 + that (who)…Li Lei’s father will work in America. —It is in America that Li Lei’s father will work. (2) I studied at this school a few years ago. —It was at this school that I studied a few years ago.,,(B) 即使被强调的部分是复数,It后面始终用单数形式。 (1) Tom and Lucy gave us much help. —It was Tom and Lucy that gave us much help. (2) I saw swans in the lake ye
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