• / 34
  • 下载费用:10 金币  

第十一讲:强调句.ppt

关 键 词:
第十一讲:强调句.ppt
资源描述:
强调句讲义,,,英语中,表示强调的方法一般分为三种:位置的强调;用词强调;句型强调。如:一、位置强调英语句子的语序,一般为:主、谓、宾、表、状。有时为了强调某个成份,就故意将它移到句首或句末。如:,,A.强调主语及状语。如: I was reading English this morning. — This morning, I was reading English. (2) I’ll go to see Li Lei tomorrow. — Tomorrow, I’ll go to see Li Lei. B. 强调谓语(as, though引导的让步状语从句) Though he will try, he can’t succeed. — Try as / though he will, he can’t succeed. (2) Though she can sing, she can’t sing well. — Sing though / as she can, she can’t sing well.,,C. 强调宾语或表语(as, though引导的让步状语从句) Though he learnt English, he didn’t learn it well. — English as / though he learnt, he didn’t learn it well. (2) Though he is ill, he keeps on working. —Ill as / though he is, he keeps on working.,,二、用词强调英语中强调的另一种方法,就是用不同的词进行夸张从而达到强调的目的。用词强调主要有以下几种形式。 在句子中的谓语动词前加助动词do, 对谓语进行强调。如:I do like swimming. (2) He did go there last night.,,B. 用awfully, badly, dead, deeply, ever, extremely, highly, indeed, lightly, not…at all, particularly, pretty, really, so, strongly, terribly, utterly, very, very much,等副词修饰以加强语气。如: (1) He wants to get it very much. (2) I miss you terribly. C. 用短语at all, on earth, in the world, under the sun等表示强调,意思是:到底,究竟,根本。如: (1) I don’t know it at all. (2) What on earth are you doing there?,,D) 用重复某一个词或短语来强调。如:He thought and thought, and suddenly he got a good idea. (2) He ran and ran, and at last he caught up with other students.,,三、用句子来强调 A.句型强调英语中最常见的强调手段,也是我们必须要掌握的方法就是句型强调,即:强调句型。It is / was + 被强调的部分 + that (who)…如: (1) It was in the room that Li Lei was born. 李蕾出生就在这间房子。 (2) It is Wei Fang who has broken the record. 就是魏方打破了纪录。,,B.在使用强调句型时须注意的几个问题: 原句子是现在时或将来时,强调句用It is + 被强调的部分 + that (who)…; 若原句子是过去时,强调句用:It was + 被强调的部分 + that (who)…Li Lei’s father will work in America. —It is in America that Li Lei’s father will work. (2) I studied at this school a few years ago. —It was at this school that I studied a few years ago.,,(B) 即使被强调的部分是复数,It后面始终用单数形式。 (1) Tom and Lucy gave us much help. —It was Tom and Lucy that gave us much help. (2) I saw swans in the lake yesterday. —It was swans that I saw in the lake yesterday. (C) 强调人时,可用who 代替that, 但若强调时间、地点、原因、方式时,不能用when, where, why, how代替 that。如: (1) It is our teacher who / that helps us make great progress. (2) It is by bus that I go to school every day.,,(D) 在强调not…until结构中的时间状语时,应将not移到until前,再将not until部分移到被强调的位置。如:I didn’t go to bed until twelve o’clock last night. — It was not until twelve o’clock last night that I went to bed. E) 强调一般疑问句中的某一成分时,将强调句中的主句用一般疑问语序。如: (1) Do you like English?—It is English that you like? (2) Will you go to London?—It is London that you will go to?,,(F)特殊疑问句中只有疑问词可以被强调。句型为:特殊疑问词+be + it that+…? 如: (1) What made him so angry?—What is it that made him so angry? (2) Why did she cry?—Why was it that she cried? (G) 强调主语时,who 或that后面的谓语形式须与被强调的主语保持一致。如: Lily speaks Chinese very well. —It is Lily who / that speaks Chinese very well. (2) Children like stories. —It is Children that like stories.,,(H) 强调句中的be前可用表推测的情态动词:must, can, may等。如: It must be Piney that sent us this present. (2) How can it be that he didn’t pass the exams. (I) 强调句型不用于强调谓语、表语、since, as等引导的原因状语从句。如: He is better today since he can walk around without my help. 就不能有下列强调形式: It is better today that he is today since he can walk around without my help. (错) It is since he can walk around without my help that he is better today. (错),强调句式,我们在说话、写文章的过程中,为了要突出句子中的某一部分时,就常使用某种方法、手段使它突出,以便能引起他人的注意,这就是强调。 1. 强调句的基本结构 It+be+被强调成分+that (who)… He bought the book in this shop yesterday. 1. It was he that bought the book in this shop yesterday. 2. It was the book that he bought in this shop yesterday. 3. It was in this shop that he bought the book yesterday.,,2. 强调句用that还是who当被强调部分指人时,可以用who代that;当被强调部分指物时通常用that。注意:强调事物时,通常不宜用which来代that,另外当强调时间或地点状语时,通常也不能用when / where代that(尤其是当这些状语为介词短语时)。,,3. 关于被强调成分该强调句型中,被强调的成分除了是名词、代词、介词短语等之外, 也可以是从句: It is when he got back that he knew what had happened. It was because he loved my money that he married me. 【注意】 (1) 该句型可强调because引导原因状语从句,但通常不能强调由 since, as引导的原因状语从句,另外也不强调由although引导的让步状语从句。 (2) 该句型可以强调主语,但不强调表语。,,4. 强调句特殊疑问句式结构强调句型的陈述句形式和一般疑问句形式一般还好理解,但若以特殊疑问句形式出现,则很容易误解。比较: Jim told us the news.(非强调句) It was Jim that told us the news Was it Jim that told us the news Who was it that told us the news特殊疑问句形式的强调句可视为对陈述句强调中的被强调成分提问得来,5. not.until用于强调句 其基本形式为It is (was) not until…that…。 比较: 1. He didn’t come until his wife left. It was not until his wife left that he came. 2. They didn’t start until the rain stopped. It was not until the rain stopped that they started.,三、强调句与从句的比较,1. 强调句与主语从句的比较强调句将句子中的it is / was …that同时省去,句子仍然成立;而主语从句将that与后面部分代替it,成立。如: It is Li Lei’s brother that you met in the street yesterday.本句若将It is 及 that同时省去为:You met Li Lei’s brother in the street yesterday. (2) It is exciting that we have succeeded in sending up Shenzhou V. 本句若将It is 及 that同时省去为:We have succeeded exciting in sending up Shenzhou V. 显然句子错误,因此,是主语从句。,,2. 强调句与定语从句的比较 1. 强调句中的It没有实际意义,It be与that可同时被省略;而定语从句中的It是主语,It be与that不可同时省略; 2. 强调句型中be的时态须跟后面句子的时态相一致;而定语从句中主句谓语动词be的时态须由主句的时间确定 3. 强调句中的that不能省略,并且即使前面的名词是事物时,也不能将that换成which;而定语从句中的that作宾语时可被省略,并且当先行词是事物时可用which代替。,,4. 当it be后面的时间、地点名词作主语、宾语或表语时,引导词可用that / which;而作其他成分时,引导词须用when / which。如: It is an English book (that / which) I bought yesterday. (本句是对What is that?问句的回答,that所引导的是定语从句,that可被省略) (2)It was the English book that I bought yesterday. (本句相当于对I bought the English book yesterday中an English book进行强调),,(2) It was a room where we used to have meetings. (where 所引导的从句对前面的room进行说明,它是定语从句)It was in the room that we used to have meetings. (in the room是被强调的部分,本句是强调句型),,(3) It is a day when the people celebrate their victory. (when所引导的从句对a day进行说明,是定语从句) It was on that day that people celebrated their victory. (强调on October 1, 1949),,3.强调句与状语从句的比较 1. 状语从句句首的It本身就是句子的主语;而强调句首的It不作任何成分也没有实际意义。 2. 状语从句的连接副词that及句子前面的It be不能去掉。 状语从句的引导词可以是when / where,而强调句型中的that不能用其他词代替。 如:,,It is such an interesting book that we all like it very much. 它是一本如此有趣的书,我们大家都非常喜欢。(结果状语主从复合句) It is such an interesting book that we all like very much. 我们大家都非常喜欢的就是一本如此有趣的书。(强调such an interesting book) (比较:It is such an interesting book as we all like very much. 这就是我们大家都非常喜欢的如此有趣的书。定语从句),,(2) It was already morning when he woke up. 当他醒来时,已经是早晨了。(时间主从复合句)It was the next morning that he woke up. 就在第二天早晨他醒来了。(强调the next morning),典型例题,1. It was in the small house _________ was built with stones by his father _________ he spent his childhood. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that, where 2. It was the boy _________ had been in prison _________ stole the money. who, where B. that, how C. who, that D. that, which,,(3) It was just in the room _________ he was born _________ he died. where, which B. that, that C. where, that D. which, that4. It was what he meant rather than what he said _________ annoyed me. which B. as C. what D. that,,(5) It was his nervousness in the interview ______ probably lost him the job. which B. since C. that D. what (6) It is the ability to do the job _matters not where you come from or what you are. one B. that C. what D. it7. ___was very ____ that little Jim wrote the letter. A. It, careful B. It, carefully C. He, careful D. He, carefully,,8. It was when she was about to go to bed _____the telephone rang. since B. as C. that D. then 9. It may have been at Christmas ____John gave Mary a handbag. before B. who C. that D. when10. Who was it _______saved the drowning girl? A. since B. as C. that D. he,,11. It was not until he came back ______he knew the police were looking for him. which B. since C. that D. before 12. It was 9 o’clock _____ he came back last night. that B. when C. since D. this13. It’s about half a century ____the People’s Republic of China was liberated. A. when B. that C. since D. after,,14. It was lack of money, not of effort, _________ defeated their plan. which B. as C. that D. what15. An awful accident ______, however, occur the other day. does B. did C. has to D. had to16. Our math teacher ____, however, speak English well. A. doing B. does C. is doingD. was doing,,17. It _ we had stayed together for a couple of weeks _ I found we had a lot in common. A. was until; when B. was until; that C. wasn’t until; when D. wasn’t until; that18. _____that caused him to serve dinner an hour later than usual. It was we being late B. It was our being late C. It was we were too late D. It was because we were late,,19. It’s more than half a century _____ my grandfather joined the Party and became a servant to the people. when B. that C. since D. while20. “How was ______ they discovered the entrance to the underground palace?” “Totally by chance.” A. it that B. he that C. it when D. he which,
展开阅读全文
  微传网所有资源均是用户自行上传分享,仅供网友学习交流,未经上传用户书面授权,请勿作他用。
0条评论

还可以输入200字符

暂无评论,赶快抢占沙发吧。

关于本文
本文标题:第十一讲:强调句.ppt
链接地址:https://www.weizhuannet.com/p-8138518.html
微传网是一个办公文档、学习资料下载的在线文档分享平台!

网站资源均来自网络,如有侵权,请联系客服删除!

 网站客服QQ:80879498  会员QQ群:727456886

copyright@ 2018-2028 微传网络工作室版权所有

     经营许可证编号:冀ICP备18006529号-1 ,公安局备案号:13028102000124

收起
展开